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Pace - HIS 108 - Chapter 18: Colonial Encounters in Asia, Africa, and

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Pace - HIS 108 - Chapter 18: Colonial Encounters in Asia, Africa, and

School: Pace University
Department: History
Course: World History after 1650
Professor: Michelle Chase
Term: Spring 2018
Tags: history and HIS108
Name: Chapter 18: Colonial Encounters in Asia, Africa, and Oceania, 1750-1950 Part 1
Description: These notes cover the key concepts of chapter 18, pages 653-679.
Uploaded: 02/21/2018
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background image Chapter 18 Colonial Encounters in Asia, Africa, and Oceania  1750­1950               How did colonialism change the lives of women and families, especially in colonial Africa?               Did colonial rule bring economic “progress”? Why or why not? Industry and Empire ➢ Wealthy Europeans were able to benefit socially from the foreign markets which in turn  kept the many factories of Europe running like a well­oiled machine  ➢ An attracting quality of imperialism was that promised to solve the class conflicts of an  industrializing society while avoiding revolution and other such catastrophes ○ As the concept of nationalism began to grow in popularity, so too did that of imperialism ○ As the industrial era took shape, the prospect of expansion was made a reality for many  nations     ■ Steam­driven ships, charted through the Suez­Canal (1869), allowed Europeans  to reach distant Asian, African, and Pacific ports more quickly and more 
efficiently 
A Second Wave of European Conquests  ➢ The sixteenth and seventeenth centuries represented not only the colonization of the  Americas but as the first phase of European conquests ○ Europeans favored informal control, which operated through economic penetration and  occasional military intervention, all to ensure the need of a wholesale takeover of the 
societies/nations in question 
➢ In terms of conquest, the United States overwhelmed the Native American populations  and involved the country in an imperialist war with Mexico ○  The United States practiced a policy of removing, sometimes exterminating, the Native  American peoples in order to have more land to settle Under European Rule  ➢ For many of the conquered or colonized people and places, incorporation into the  European colonial empires was extremely traumatizing  ○ Small scale societies were the ones who suffered the most, with loss of life, homes,  livestock, crops and land being the most detrimental to their overall lifestyle  ➢ According to a British soldier in East Africa, “every soul was either shot or  bayoneted...we burned all the huts and razed the banana plantations to the ground.”  Cooperation and Rebellion  ➢ Violence was the most prominent feature of the colonial life before and after the conquest of the Europeans  ○ Even through the violence and bloodshed, many groups willingingly cooperated with the  colonial authorities in order to gain an advantage  ○ Men were able to find employment as well as status and security in European­led armed  forces 

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School: Pace University
Department: History
Course: World History after 1650
Professor: Michelle Chase
Term: Spring 2018
Tags: history and HIS108
Name: Chapter 18: Colonial Encounters in Asia, Africa, and Oceania, 1750-1950 Part 1
Description: These notes cover the key concepts of chapter 18, pages 653-679.
Uploaded: 02/21/2018
2 Pages 18 Views 14 Unlocks
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