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UA / Criminal Justice / CJ 240 / What is beccaria's contribution on the history of criminal justice?

What is beccaria's contribution on the history of criminal justice?

What is beccaria's contribution on the history of criminal justice?

Description

School: University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa
Department: Criminal Justice
Course: Juvenile Delinquency
Professor: Joshua wakeham
Term: Summer 2015
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Cost: 50
Name: Study guide part 2
Description: What's going to be on the exam
Uploaded: 02/21/2018
4 Pages 55 Views 6 Unlocks
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Study Guide Part 2


What is beccaria's contribution of the history of criminal justice?



Tuesday, February 20, 2018 9:13 AM

- Who was Beccaria

○ Why is he important

- What is Rational Choice Theory

- What is Routine Activity Theory

- What is the difference between general and specific deterrence

- Define Incapacitation

- Define Situational Crime Prevention

○ List specific examples We also discuss several other topics like Who is the founder of psychoanalysis?

- What are contemporary and past biological theories

- How is Neurological dysfunction related to juvenile delinquency

- What is the psychodynamic approach to delinquency


How is neurological dysfunction related to delinquency?



We also discuss several other topics like How does the national government use money to control states today?
If you want to learn more check out What type of station has a high rating and a high turnover?
Don't forget about the age old question of What is the example of dominance?

- What is attachment theory

- How are mental disorders related to delinquency

- Define behaviorism

- What is the correlation between intelligence and delinquency

- Define social stratification

- Define Social disorganization Theory

- Define Informal Social Control

- What is Collective Efficacy

- List and describe the social process, social learning, Labeling, and Social Control Theories - What is the Drift/Neutralization theory If you want to learn more check out What kind of art did the mesopotamians do?

- Life Course Theory

 Stud Guide Part 2 Pae 1


What are some mental disorders that are related to delinquency?



Study Guide Answers Part 2

Tuesday, February 20, 2018 9:13 AM

- Beccaria was a philosopher who first made a system for criminal justice

○ Hypothesized that punishment should be proportional to the crimes that were committed

- Rational Choice theory If you want to learn more check out What are the 8 millennium development goals?

○ Is the theory that people choose to do criminal acts through a cost benefit analysis on their  reward on if they can get away with it.

- Routine Activity Theory

- General deterrence is meant for the general public while specific deterrence is meant for one  specific person

- Incapacitation is the preventing of some action taking place by disabling the actor who could  possibly make that action come to fruition

- Situational crime prevention is taking away the favorable conditions for crime to take place ○ Better lights in public areas

○ Help boxes ever 30 ft

- Contemporary Biological theories

○ Vulnerability

▪ Some people have defects that makes them more susceptible to become a  

delinquent. Here their environment matters a lot on whether or not they become a  delinquent.  

○ Differential Susceptibility

▪ There are some people that will succeed no matter what and others that if put the  right environment will succeed a tremendous amount but if put in a bad environment  will fail.  

- Past Biological Theories

○ Based more on traits that had nothing to do with behavior

- Neurological dysfunction is related to delinquency because those that have things wrong with  their brain are not able to think or act in what society considers sociable. They also can be seen as  abnormal and get pushed out of society and left to become delinquent.

- Psychodynamic approach

○ Freud's approach saying that the early life matters for the rest of anyone's life ○ Psychodynamic says that the way people respond to society is everchanging and the way we  look at crime should also change depending on which stage a person is in.

- Attachment theory

○ Specific psychological theory that infants may be taught by their parents antisocial behavior  that affects their interactions with other people for the rest of their life.

- Some mental disorders related to delinquency are

○ Disruptive behavior disorder

○ Oppositional defiant Disorder

○ Conduct disorder

 Stud Guide Answers Part 2 Pae 1

- Behaviorism

○ Behavior is either rewarded or not rewarded. Delinquency is just the product of having a  juvenile who has been rewarded for delinquency in the past.

- The correlation between intelligence and delinquency is that those with a higher IQ tend to  commit less crimes than those with lower IQs

- Social stratification is the idea that the different social classes are divided up and those in the  bottom classes are more likely to commit crime based on the fact that there are basic things that  everyone wants and the only way they have access to those basic desires is to commit crime.

- Social Disorganization theory

- Informal social control is the idea that the community polices themselves without involving the  state.

- Collective efficacy

○ How well a community communicates and stays together

- Social Learning theory

○ People are born good and learn to become criminals

- Labeling Theory

○ When people are labeled as something they tend to follow that label and become  delinquents

- Social Control Theories

○ People are inherently bad and need social controls built into their lives to make sure that  they follow the laws.

- Drift/Neutralization theory

○ Juveniles are good but when they feel wronged or attacked they may act out in a anti-social  way that if others might have acted differently. The juveniles then attempt to not take  responsibility and put the blame on others.  

- Strain Theory

○ There is pressure to attain socially accepted goals and those that cannot attain those goals  are ostracized by society causing them to turn to delinquency

- Life Course Theory

○ There are some people who will be criminals their entire lives and others that grow out of  delinquency

 Stud Guide Answers Part 2 Pae 2

Study Guide Part 2

Tuesday, February 20, 2018 9:13 AM

- Who was Beccaria

○ Why is he important

- What is Rational Choice Theory

- What is Routine Activity Theory

- What is the difference between general and specific deterrence

- Define Incapacitation

- Define Situational Crime Prevention

○ List specific examples

- What are contemporary and past biological theories

- How is Neurological dysfunction related to juvenile delinquency

- What is the psychodynamic approach to delinquency

- What is attachment theory

- How are mental disorders related to delinquency

- Define behaviorism

- What is the correlation between intelligence and delinquency

- Define social stratification

- Define Social disorganization Theory

- Define Informal Social Control

- What is Collective Efficacy

- List and describe the social process, social learning, Labeling, and Social Control Theories - What is the Drift/Neutralization theory

- Life Course Theory

 Stud Guide Part 2 Pae 1

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