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UA - CJ 240 - Study guide part 2 - Study Guide

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UA - CJ 240 - Study guide part 2 - Study Guide

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background image Why is he important Who was Beccaria - What is Rational Choice Theory - What is Routine Activity Theory - What is the difference between general and specific deterrence - Define Incapacitation - List specific examples Define Situational Crime Prevention - What are contemporary and past biological theories - How is Neurological dysfunction related to juvenile delinquency - What is the psychodynamic approach to delinquency - What is attachment theory - How are mental disorders related to delinquency - Define behaviorism - What is the correlation between intelligence and delinquency - Define social stratification - Define Social disorganization Theory - Define Informal Social Control - What is Collective Efficacy - List and describe the social process, social learning, Labeling, and Social Control Theories - What is the Drift/Neutralization theory -
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Life Course Theory Study Guide Part 2 Tuesday, February 20, 2018 9:13 AM     Study Guide Part 2 Page 1    
background image ○ Hypothesized that punishment should be proportional to the crimes that were committed Beccaria was a philosopher who first made a system for criminal justice - ○ Is the theory that people choose to do criminal acts through a cost benefit analysis on their  reward on if they can get away with it. - Rational Choice theory - Routine Activity Theory - General deterrence is meant for the general public while specific deterrence is meant for one 
specific person
- Incapacitation is the preventing of some action taking place by disabling the actor who could 
possibly make that action come to fruition
○ Better lights in public areas
○ Help boxes ever 30 ft
- Situational crime prevention is taking away the favorable conditions for crime to take place ▪ Some people have defects that makes them more susceptible to become a  delinquent. Here their environment matters a lot on whether or not they become a 
delinquent. 
○ Vulnerability ▪ There are some people that will succeed no matter what and others that if put the  right environment will succeed a tremendous amount but if put in a bad environment 
will fail. 
○ Differential Susceptibility - Contemporary Biological theories ○ Based more on traits that had nothing to do with behavior - Past Biological Theories - Neurological dysfunction is related to delinquency because those that have things wrong with 
their brain are not able to think or act in what society considers sociable. They also can be seen as 
abnormal and get pushed out of society and left to become delinquent.
○ Freud's approach saying that the early life matters for the rest of anyone's life
○ Psychodynamic says that the way people respond to society is everchanging and the way we 
look at crime should also change depending on which stage a person is in. - Psychodynamic approach ○ Specific psychological theory that infants may be taught by their parents antisocial behavior  that affects their interactions with other people for the rest of their life. - Attachment theory ○ Disruptive behavior disorder
○ Oppositional defiant Disorder
○ Conduct disorder
- Some mental disorders related to delinquency are Study Guide Answers Part 2 Tuesday, February 20, 2018 9:13 AM     Study Guide Answers Part 2 Page 1    

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School: University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa
Department: Criminal Justice
Course: Juvenile Delinquency
Professor: Joshua Wakeham
Term: Summer 2015
Tags:
Name: Study guide part 2
Description: What's going to be on the exam
Uploaded: 02/21/2018
4 Pages 48 Views 38 Unlocks
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