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NWCC / Biomed Engr/Joint / Bio 1143 / What does chelicerata mean?

What does chelicerata mean?

What does chelicerata mean?


General Biolay 2 midterm Review Vocabulary Chelicera: First Pair of Appendages In Herseshoe Crabs, Sea Spiders, And Arachnids (The Chelicerates, A

What does chelicerata mean?

Group Of Arthropods. Chelicerae usually Take The Form of Pincers Or Fangs

Diatoms : Single-celled Alga That Has A Cell Wall Of Silica, many kinds Are Planktonic, And Extensive We also discuss several other topics like What is the meaning of modus tollens?

Fossils Deposits Have Been fand a

Double fertilnation : Fusion of Egg And Sperm And Simultaneous fusion of The Second Male Gamete with

Where are diatoms found?

Dolar Niclei (3n). Unique Characteristic of All Angiosperm If you want to learn more check out What are the internet research strategies?

Enclospores: Highly Resistant, Thick-walled Bactenal Spore That Can Survive Harsh Environmental Stress, We also discuss several other topics like What gave people the freedom to chose what they watch?
Don't forget about the age old question of What are the electric field lines?

Such As Heat Or Dessication. And Then Germinate When | Conditions Become Faverable

Gradualism: View That Species Change Very slowly In Ways That may be Imperceptible From One Generation To The Next But That Accumulate And lead To Major Changes Over Thousands or millions of lears

What happens during double fertilization?


Hyphae & Filament of A Fungus Or Domycete The Hyphae Constitute The Mycelium


Lichene Symbiotic Association Between a Fungus And A Photosynthetic Organism Such As Green Alga Or Cyanobacterium

Mycellum: In If you want to learn more check out What is the grand explanation for institutions?

Finge A mass of Hyphae

Nucleod Region: Area Of A Prokaryotic Cell, Usually Near The Center, That Contains The Genome In

The form of DNA Compacted with Protein

Phages A Bacteriophage; I Vinus capable of

Infecting A Bacterial Cell, And may cause lysis. To Its Host Cell Don't forget about the age old question of What is the control center in homeostasis?

Phluem: In Vascular Plants, A Food - Conclucting Tissue Basically composed of sleve Elements, Vanas Kinds of

Parenchyma Cells, Fibers And Sclerelds

Phototropism: In Plants, A Gruth Response To A Light - Stimulus

Prion. Infectious Proteinaceous Particles

Punctuated Equilibrium: Hypothesis Abant The mechanism of

Evolutionary Change Proposing That long periods of Little To No Change Are Punctuated By periods of Rapid Evolution


Radula : Rasping Tongue fund in most mollusks

Retrovirus: RNA Virus. When It Enters hall, Viral Enume Transcribes Viral RNA Into Duplex DNA, which Cells Machinery Then Replicates And Transcribes As It own


Khnolde filamentous Atgrowth or Rout Hair on Underside Of Thallus In some lower plants Especially musses And liverwarts, Devering Bath To Anchor Plant And (Terrestual Form) Conduct Water

Seed: A Flowering Plant's Unit Of Reproduction, Capable Of Developing Into Another such Plant

Segmentation Division of A Cell: Cleavage


Taxonomy Science of Classifiling Living Things. By Agreement Among Taxonomist', Ab The Organisms Can Have The Same Naime And All Names Hire Gxpressed In Lahin

Virad: An Infectious Entity Affecting plants, smaller

Than A Virus And Consisting only of Nicleic Acid Without A Protein Cuat

virulent: ( Of A Disease Or Poison) Extremely severe Harmful In Its Effects to zait nota


Xylum: Vascular Tissue In Plants That Conducts Water And Dissolved Nutrients Upward From The Roste And Also Helps To Form The Woody Element In The Stem


1 Ust And Define The Different Types of Geographic Isolation

And Speciation. I anabo DTemporal Isolation Form of Reproductive Isolation In

Which Two Populations Reproduce At Different Times Ecological 0 Reproductive Isolation : Separation of Species or populations

Do That They Cannot Interbreed And Prodice Fertile Offspring 3) Behavorial Isulation: Two Populations Have Differences in

Cartship Rituals or other Types of Behavonial That Prevent Them From Interbreeding 4) Geographical Isolation. Two Populations Separated physically BV Kreographic Bamers (Rivers, maintains, or stretches of water)



5 mechanical / Chemical Isolations Strctures Or Chemical Barriers keep Species Isolated from One Another 1) Sympatric Speciation: Populations of A Species That Share The Same Habitat Become Reproductively Isolated from Gach Other 2 Albpatric Speciations Populations Of A Species Becomes Geographically Isolated 13 Parapatric Speciation Population Separated Not By A

Geographical Barrier But By Extreme Change In Habitat

2) What Are Homologous And Analogous Structures?

Homolugas Are Organs That Have The same Orain But Different Functions. Analogas Pre Organs with Different

Argins But same functions.

3) List The Characteristics Of Life

Responsiveness To Grvirenment

• Growth And Change

• Ability To Reproduce

• Have Metabolism And Breathe Maintain Homeostasis

• Being made of Cells

• Passing Traits onto Offspring

4) How Many Domains And Yung dams In Taxonumut? Characteristics

of Each. 3 Domains 7 Kingdoms. Bacteria (Domain

• Unicellular Absorptive - Heterotrophic, Chemoautrotrophic Prohanjotes olack Sexual Reproduction

lack organelles (Centrioles, tukaniotic Flagella, Cilla, mitochondria, Chloroplasts)

• Several Chemical Types Of Cell Walls Only One Set of Genes (Single Stranded leop) na

Domain Archaea

Prokariote, Blochemicals of Cell Walls . Proteins Assuciated With DNA, Same Metabolic pathway Different from Bacteria

Genetically Similar To Eukarya To levate Harsher Environments


Domain Eukarya lo Nuclei Surrounded By Membranes

o Organized Chromosomes

Standard Flagellum And Golgi Apparatus

Kingdom Euglenoroa

• Unicellular And Flagellated (Flagella Not Fringed

May Be Parasitic (Pathogenic) or free living

Nutrition mardi Be Ingestive Absorptie Heterotrophic or Mixerophie

Cell Wall Duesn't contain Cellulose Kingdan Alveolata (Red Tides of

Alveoli Beneath cell membrane Uni cellular Ungestive Heterotrophic Ur mixotrophsuloy)

• Cilla, Flagella, Or Amebord locomotion In Life stages ofree-Uving or Parasitic Kingdom Stramenopila ANU A to

• Unicellular or simply multicellular

• Flagellated life stages

Diatums And Golden Algae Protect The Cell w/ Exterior Cases (Silica Kingdom Rhodophyta o Unicellular or simply multicellular (Photo autotrophic)

No flagella Or Cilia licell wall made of Cellulose



Stky Soup

dy Soup

Kingdom Viridiplante

o unicellular or multicellular

Photoautotrophic Or Absorptive Hetertrophic

• Haplund, Flagellated life stages or Gametes. Kingdom tingi Lo Absorptive Heterotrophs.

Chitinas Cell Walls i Nocles Are Hapland o lack Flagella And Cilia Kingdom Animalia

multicellular, Absorptive Heterotrophs No Cell Wall And Chloroplasts Specialized muscle And Nene Cells

5) Hierarchical System Frim Largest To Smallesto

Domain Kingdom, Phylum, Order Class, family, Genus. Species

6) Bloomial Nomenclature: Each Species Is Assigned A

Two-Part Scientific Name

7) Carolus Linnaeus Is Important why?

famas For Work In Taxonomy (Science of Identifying,

Naming and classifiling Organisms) 8) Structure of A Virus.

Nucleic Acid (Single Or Duble Stranded RNA Or DNA) And Protein Coat (Capsid functions As Shell To Protect Viral

Geoname from Nucleases. 9 Steps of Viral Replication?

Attachment Entry, Replication And Assembly, Egress (helease Of New Virons Produced in Host)


Study Soup

D) How Do Prokaryotes. Reproduce? Svate munad (

Binary tission (Asexual) Separation of Body Into tuo

New Bodies


In Know The structure of Bacteria. (Picture)

12) How Do Bacteria Exchange Information?

Transformation ö Bacterium Tanes up Farcelon DMA tam Juranding 2 Transduction: vises Cami Bacterial Genes from one Bacteria To Another 3) Conjugations Twe. Temporady Joined Bactera Directly as Transfer Genetic material

13) Name Characterishes Of Protists. OWNY 2300 tons

D Eu Karjatic (Have Nicles) o Must Have mitochondina 3) Can Be Parasites cabil

A S 4) Prefer aquatic or moist Environments

5 unicellular 0 Mulh cellular


14) What Causes African Sleeping Sichness?

Insect - Borne Parasitic Disease Protozoa of Species Trypanosoma bruce,

Suod and tonu atat cul avot miboma AS is) unat Are Some Characteristics Of Amoebas?

• Unicellular No Fixed Shape aldsanf 70 eso en T tonu ar

Grow And Wrap o torms Pseudopocls ( Buldges In Cell To Help More ind Eat)

• Eukanotes

Stud Soup

10) What Are Characteristics of Euglena?

o Hagellum . Eles pot (Detect sunlight): Chlorophyll otokaryotes ; Unicellular

17) Paramecium Have Buth Macro And Micronuclei. What Grap On

Do They Belong To? Protist


18) What Are Cellular Slime mods? Any Orcs Of Organisms That

68157 In Vegetative form As Uninucleate Amoeboid Cells which Digest Bacteria In Soll And Decaying Plant matter

tannone VANDO Anton& cuotas 19) What Spreads Trypanosomiasis? Tsetse Fly Infected

with Trpanosoma brucel Rhodesiense Parasite

W. What Formed white Cliffs of Dover? Chalk (Soft White)

IS A Very Finely Grained umestone.

21. What Does Myotrophic Mean? Any Organism capable

Of Existing As Either An Autotroph or Hetertroph. 22) unat causes "Red Tides"? Algal Blooms (Deplete

Oxygen And Emit Toxins)

23 What Dues The Contractile Vacuole Do? Expand To Take

In Water (Drastule) And Contract unen FUANTO Carry Water Along with Woute outside of Cell (Systule)

24) Plasmodum Have Two Hosts. What Are

Nector And Vertebrate Hostsoven) en


They? ora tonu can

25 what Is The Cause of Amoebic Dysentery?

Eating Or Drinking Contaminched Items, Contracting It From Infected person

Stue SOU

26) What Are mycorrhizae? Why Are They Important? How Commen?

Mutualisms turned Between Fungi And Plant Roots Plants Would Not Survive with at Them. Very common (95% of All

Plant Species)

27 What Is The Cell wall of Fing, Composed of? W e

Chitin. Glucans, Polysaccharides Mucopolysaccharides, waves

And Pigments

unit hinh lam sit and now nowolt to dog wNNE 28) Why Are Fing, Economically important? Essential for

Recycling Of Nutrients In Terrestrial Habitats. Dominant Decomposer Of Complex Comparents of Plant Debrisu.com

29) Penicillin Belongs Torunat Genus? Penicuhuma ya WAN

30) Give Few Gramples of 'Ascomycota Zygomycota, And Basidiomycota?

1) Molds And Yeast.? Khriopis, Black bread molds. Cir cinella. 3) Mushrams. altffibalis Bracket finguda com o cu totul

30 unat Are Most useful unicellular


32) what Are Prusts. Ad Smuts? Unedinials & Rusts) Anda

Ustlaginales (Smuts Are Basidiomycete Fungi 33) Batracho chytrium clenclrobatidis Belongs To What Phylum?


34) Who Are Fingal Infections Difficult to Treat? Finge And nor Animal Celis Are Very Sundrar! So Its. Hander Tou

find and kill.

35) What Are Samples Of Broophytes? Liverwerts, Hern norts, Mosses

36) Plants Show An Alternation of Generation Between what?

Diploid And Haplind utagessly to olymor touch

| Stud Sour

37) What Do Bryophutes Require To Reproduce? Water

Study SON

38) unat Are Some uses for Conifers? What Grup Do They Belong?

Construction And Paper, Gymnosperm

39) Know Parts of flaver. Which ones Are male and female?

(Picture) stratname pllosumns imut stl mW (ES

40 unat Are Glamples of Non vascular Plants? Xylem And Phluem 4) How Are Fems Different Than Muss? terins Harel cas

large Compand leaves Split Into many leaves. sotoopra o Moss Has No Leavesa mood to a man wat wis (DE

42What Is The Main Difference Between Gumicsperm Anel @

Angiosperms. Inglosperms Is A Havering Plant And fimnosperms Have No Fluvers or plants a small towwe

43) What Is The Largest Grap Of Plants? lymnosperms SE

40 unat Hre Samples Of Angiosperms? Maple Seeds Acam. Beans, w Wheat, hic carne 21 ortodoxosb minugolontod (co

45 What part of The Flower Does The Fruit came from? Ovary

WYT OT tugit a anotast ut dennut sot me hes 46) What Are The Three Types of Grand Tissue? Define Theme

D Parenchymas Photosynthesis, Food Storage Healing And Tissue Regeneration 2) Collenchyma: Support NanostensBausts Avell petiales 3 Sclerenchyma: Rigid Support And Protection

Wrows 8 milyon to mortamda un dolce 47) list Examples of Plant Hormones And Their Effects?

Auxn; Bending Of Stem Tawards Sunlight Gibberelline Stimulates Growth anyone at HOMURE Cytokinin: Delay Aging Process of Plants


Shots and ma 20 zadanotoovono SVA Low to Etylenes Affects Ripening And Rotting In Plants Absicisic Acido Chemical Messenger To Alert Rest

of Plant That It Is Water stressed


48) uhy Is Pollen Important? What Are Pollinatas? Pollen

In Needed Fer Plants To Reproduce. Pollinators Are Things That Transfer Roller than one plant for Another cond

49) Why Is The Root Important? Absorb Water And

Nutrients Out of Soul Intue Plantcon un I tomu (wa

50) What Are Stomata ? Cutick? Tiny opening Or Rores e

In Plant Tissue That Allow for Gas Exchange. Protective

And Warlor Hard laver Covering Gidermis Of Plant 31 what Are Classifies An Invertebrate? Multicellular, No Backbone Ivo Cell walls, Tissues. Reproduce sexually, Symmetrical,


52) What Is The Difference Between Radial And Bilateral Symmetry?

Radial: Equal Portions stron Centerstand troot (Pd. Bilateral Divided only Into Mirror Halves Through Single Plane

53) What Phyllim Do att renna somosha ent zI bouw ool

insteya stolusi Sponges: Porifera Snails: Molluscs Jellyfish: Cnidaria Squid! Molluscs Coral: Cnidaria

leeches: Annelid Flukesi Flatworm

Pinwams; Nematoda Tapeworms: Flatworm Hawk warmNematoda ule Earthworms: Annelid a Spider: Arthropod


Stay Soup


54) What Are Characteristics of An Annelid?

Long Cylindrical Body Body Segmented Internally And Externally

The Body Cavity Keproduce Sexually

Concertnic Nerve cell start on SI OY <I P 53) Arthropods Are Divided Into What Three Body Regions?

Head, Thorax. Abdomen

strutwonit tood en I und it 56) What Is The Most Successful Phula? Anthropoda

57) What Are Characteristics Of An Echinoderm? sri taw cod

Radial Semetry . Several Amis

• No Heart, Brain or Eyes

• Light sensitive Parts an Aman at whizools sal towrid o Math Underside, this on Top

50) Cephalopods Belong To Chat Class of Mullisks? Cephalopoda

it bon asento onurshia en el tanu (sa 59) Heart Warms Are Caused By what? Parasitic Warm Called

Dirofilaria immits That Is Spread Through An Insect



60) What Is The Difference Between An Opened And Closed Ec

Circulations System? Opened Is When Blood Is Pumped

Into Hemocuel with Blood Diffusing Back To Groulaton System Between Cells. Closed its Blood Is Clased At All Times Within Vessels of Different Sres and Wall Thickness

multianu 61 What Is A Topewam? Scolex, Proglattids? Parasite

Flatworm, Long Ribbonlike Body with mantegments Can Be Independent And Small Head Bearing Hooks And Suchers


Sculex Is The Anterior End Of A Tapeworm, Bearing

Suchers And Hooks For Attachment. Proglotted Is Each Neament In The Strobila of A lapeworm ( Contains

compelete Sexually Mature Reproductive System 62) Mantler föst And Visceral Mass Belong To What Invertebrates?

Mollusch (3) Examples of Bivalves ?Oysters Scallos. Clams Mussels 604) What Is The Gosheleten Of Invertebreites Made Of? Chitin

65 What makes

First Animal

Cniclarians Unique? May Have Been The Grup To Reach Tissue level of Organization.



Prokaryotic Cell Structure



Capsule Cell Wall

Cytoplasmic Membrane



Study Soup



Figure 1

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