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UMass - MANAGMNT 260 - intentional torts - Class Notes

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UMass - MANAGMNT 260 - intentional torts - Class Notes

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background image Ch – 6 intentional Torts Torts are civil wrongs against persons or property Intentional torts are behaviors that are done consciously by wrongdoers to cause harm or 
indicate the wrongdoer’s knowledge that such harm was substantially certain to result. 
Compensatory damages  vs  punitive damages Damages paid to compensate the 
plaintiff for any physical injuries and 
intangible harm.
e.g. medical bills, financial loss, loss of 
privacy, emotional distress etc.
These are in excess of the actual 
losses
.
They are used to punish the 
defendant
 and deter him and others 
from repeating offensive behaviors.
Two issues in a tort case are liability and collectability. That is, the defendant should be 
proven to be liable for the harm done. Also, his ability to pay for any damages is taken into 
consideration. 
Crime  – Criminal act Intentional Tort  – civil  Intentional Violation of a 
statute
The government 
prosecutes
 the defendant
Prosecutor must establish 
defendant’s guilt beyond 
reasonable doubt
Punishment is in the form of 
fines, execution and 
imprisonment
Intentional Harm to another 
person or property 
The plaintiff (victim) prosecutes 
the defendant
Plaintiff must establish defendant’s 
liability by a preponderance of 
the evidence
 
Punishment is in the form of 
compensatory and punitive 
damages
No imprisonment
Interference with Personal Rights  1. Battery  Unconsented / unwanted touching or physical contact which would be offensive to a person
of ordinary sensibilities.
Doesn’t have to be physical or create harm but should be offensive Touching anything connected to the plaintiff’s body. E.g. Dog on a leash or a purse. Consent must be freely and intelligently given to be a defense of battery 2. Assault  Imminent threat of battery that puts a person in apprehension (fear or anxiety) Imminent – means it is going to happen at that instance  Threatening – should put fear in a person No contact is necessary  3. False imprisonment  Intentional confinement of a person for a period of time.  Substantial restriction on a person’s movement. 
background image Escape must create an unreasonable risk of harm or affront (offend) to one’s dignity  Store owners can temporarily detain shoplifters. (conditional privilege) 4. Intention infliction of emotional distress Courts are reluctant to grant recovery for pure mental injuries, but modern medicine makes 
this more provable
Defendants conduct must have been outrageous (excessive or bad) & substantially certain 
to produce emotional distress in a person of ordinary sensibilities
5. Defamation  Libel (written defamation) and slander (oral defamation) protect against harm to a 
reputation
Publication of an untrue statement that injures a person’s reputation or character Damages presumed in libel cases but must be proved in slander cases Truth is a defense to defamation  Actual malice standard for public officials suing media – the media has conditional 
privilege
, so officials have to prove that the statement was made with knowledge of falsity,
or with reckless disregard for the truth.
6. Invasion of Privacy A “Right of Privacy” is a new development Publicizing true but private (facts) material is invasion of privacy so truth cannot be used
as a defense
Using someone’s name or likeness for commercial purposes without consent 7. Misuse of Legal Proceedings Malicious prosecution for financial, emotional & reputational harm when criminal 
proceedings falsely brought
Wrongful use of civil proceedings from illegal lawsuits Abuse of process Under Malicious prosecution and Wrongful use of civil proceedings, The plaintiff must show that the wrongfully brought suit  terminated in his favor was without a probable cause to believe the suit was justified,  was for an improper cause or wrongful motive However, Abuse of process does not require the suit to terminate in the defendant’s favor or 
that there be no probable cause. A proof that the suit was brought for a primary purpose other
than
 the one for which the proceedings are designed (wrongful motive) is required
Interference with Property Rights Real property includes items that are fixed to a place and not portable. E.g. land, 
fixtures, etc.

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School: University of Massachusetts
Department: Business Management
Course: Introduction to Law
Professor: Michael Malkovich
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: intentional and torts
Name: intentional torts
Description: the types of torts.
Uploaded: 02/21/2018
3 Pages 35 Views 28 Unlocks
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