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C of C - CLAS 103 - Class Notes - Week 7

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C of C - CLAS 103 - Class Notes - Week 7

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background image Classics 103 Study Guide for Quiz #3 Spring 2018   
The   following   study   guide   provides   the   key   names,   places,   and   terms   that   will   be   covered   on   Quiz   #3.
However, the quiz will cover all reading and lecture material from February 9 to February 23. Quiz questions
may come from material not listed here in the study guide.  
  Authors, Titles, and Dates  1. Euripides, Andromache (5th century BC)
2. Hyginus, Fabulae (4
th  or 5 th  century AD)  3. Euripides, Iphigenia in Aulis (5 th  century BC) 4. Ovid, Metamorphoses (1 st  century AD)  5. Euripides, Trojan Women (5 th  century BC) 6. Proclus, Chrestomathy (5 th  century AD)  7. Homer, Iliad (8 th  or 7 th  century BC) 8. Vergil, Aeneid (1 st  century BC)  9. Homer, Odyssey (8 th  or 7 th  century BC)    Major Gods and Goddesses (Olympians)  1. Aphrodite/Venus: goddess of love and beauty, chosen by Paris as the most beautiful goddess in exchange for Helen the most beautiful woman in the world 2. Dionysus/Bacchus: god of wine, the youngest Olympian and the first demigod to achieve godhood
3. Hestia/Vesta: virgin goddess of the hearth, oldest child of Cronos, yet at the same time the youngest as she was
the last to be regurgitated 4. Apollo/Phoebus: sun god of music, healing, and poetry, twin brother of Artemis and patron god of Troy
5. Eros/Cupid: god of love who shot people with arrows to make them fall in love or to hate each other
6. Leto/Latona: A young Titaness, the mother of Artemis and Apollo, sided with the Trojans in favor of her
children 7. Ares/Mars: god of war and lover of Aphrodite, sided with the Trojans
8. Hades/Pluto/Dis Pater: god of the Underworld and brother of Zeus
9. Persephone/Kore/Proserpina: daughter of Demeter, wife of Hades, lover of Adonis, spends half the year in the
underworld 10. Artemis/Diana: virgin moon goddess of the hunt and wild animals, twin sister of Apollo, sided with the Trojans because the Greeks killed her sacred deer 11. Hephaestus/Vulcan: crippled blacksmith of the gods, husband of Aphrodite, forged the weapons of Achilles and the calmed the feud between his parents, Zeus and Hera 12. Poseidon/Neptune: god of the Sea, attacked Troy with a seas serpent, sided with the Greeks
13. Athena/Pallas/Minerva: goddess of wisdom, sided with the Greeks because Paris said Aphrodite was prettier
than her, helped build the Trojan Horse and helped Achilles kill Hector 14. Hera/Juno: wife of Zeus, queen of the gods, goddess of motherhood and marriage, punished her husband’s mistresses, sided with the Greeks because Paris said Aphrodite was prettier than her 15. Zeus/Jupiter: king of the gods and youngest son of Cronos, god of thunder, weighed the fates of the heroes of the Trojan War on golden Scales to determine their fate
background image 16. Demeter/Ceres: goddess of grain and fertility, sister of Zeus and mother of Persephone
17. Hermes/Mercury: god of travelers who wore winged sandals and a winged helmet, invented the lyre of Apollo,
and sided with the Greeks   Places    1. Aulis: where Agamemnon was meant to sacrifice his daughter to Artemis
2. Pylos: the kingdom of Nestor
3. Ithaca: ruled by Odysseus, ravaged by suitors in his absence
4. Scyros: where Achilles hid as a woman and the birth place of his son
5. Lemnos: an island where Philoctetes is left at for 10 years when he is bitten by a snake
6. Sparta: the most powerful and war­like city­state of Greece, ruled by Menelaus, Helen was of Sparta before she
was spirited away to Troy 7. Mycenae: kingdom of Agamemnon
8. Troy: richest city in the Mediterranean, walls were built by Poseidon and Apollo because they offended Zeus,
was ruled by King Priam, sacked in the Trojan War by the Greek

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School: College of Charleston
Department: Classical Studies
Course: Classical Mythology
Professor: Johnson
Term: Spring 2016
Name: Study Guide for Quiz 3
Description: All notes on the Iliad
Uploaded: 02/24/2018
6 Pages 33 Views 26 Unlocks
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