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TEXAS A&M / Political Science / POLS 207 / What is totalitarianism?

What is totalitarianism?

What is totalitarianism?

Description

School: Texas A&M University
Department: Political Science
Course: State and Local Government
Professor: R. heath
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: Government, types, forms, liberal, and conservative
Cost: 50
Name: POLS 207- EXAM 2 STUDY GUIDE
Description: Notes covering ch.3-ch.5 for exam 2 Read chapters for further detail, and look back at past notes
Uploaded: 02/25/2018
6 Pages 76 Views 12 Unlocks
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POLS 207- EXAM 2 


What is totalitarianism?



Ch. 3:

- Isolation is a big thing in Texas; that is till the 20th century when  railroads were invented and made travel easier

- Texas is a strong states rights state

o Once an independent republic

- There is an intense patriotism found in Texas, most people would  rather be known as Texans than Americans…

- Reason for many Texans being conservative= we are traditionalists o Our traditional political culture is represented by the State’s  long history of the one-party rule

o The “elite” dominant group does the decision making ▪ They don’t want the minorities to vote because of the  belief that they’ll vote wrong


What is anarchy?



▪ Don’t want minorities to vote= make registering to vote  more difficult

▪ Public policies are created to discourage people from  voting

- ***political culture is useful… it focuses on a state’s history &  development as important factors influencing politics & policy o we are no longer the land of empty spaces

o however, we still hold that idea= status quo Don't forget about the age old question of What happened to beringia?

o Texas= metropolitan

- The relationship between the turnout of voting age population  elections for governor between 1994-1997 & 2012-2015=  POSITIVE 

o Texas= traditional & constant= lower voter turnout


What is libertarian?



- Purpose of Government:

1. Maintain order

2. Provide public goods

3. Promote equality

- Totalitarianism: government should have unlimited power o Ex: Hitler with the Nazis

- Anarchy: no government power

o Ex: after the fall of the last emperor in China, the warlock era  occurred

- Socialism (equality): government owns the basic goods & services  provided to members of the society

o Ex: Hong Kong

o Resources become abundant= society becomes more  civilized= socialism

- Capitalism (efficiency): individuals own the basic goods &  services provided to members of the society, & do with them as  they please

No such thing as absolute capitalism/socialism- there are just  shades of grey!!! We also discuss several other topics like What is ir theory?

- Free market= NO MINIMUM WAGE

- Social Freedom: places a high value on individual liberties even at  the expense of having an orderly society

o Ex: Freedom of Religion

- Social Order: places a high value on public stability & decency  even at the expense of individual freedom

o Ex: Philippine president does not allow alcohol- doesn’t want  someone in the country who can’t work If you want to learn more check out What types of religious specialists have anthropologists classified?

o ***Public stability= Public order ***

- Liberal vs. Conservative

o Liberal= totalitarian o Conservative= anarchy

Economic Issues

o Vice versus when dealing with Social Issues

***KNOW THIS***

1. Conservative= high value for social order & economic efficiency 2. Liberal= high value for social freedom & economic equality 3. Libertarian= high value for social freedom & economic efficiency We also discuss several other topics like What is the slope factor?

4. Populist= favor government intervention in the economy to  benefit the average/little guy; they are NOT capitalists

- Texas culture:

o Conservatism

▪ Thomas Jefferson- “Government is best which governs  least”

o Social Darwinism

▪ Individuals who prosper= rise to the top of  

socioeconomic ladder

▪ They are worthy & deserving

Ch. 4:

- 3 Forms of Government:

1. Unitary Government

2. Confederacy

3. Federalism

- Purpose of the Bill of Rights

o Protect the PEOPLE from tyranny of the central government o However, it ended up protecting the GOVERNMENT from  the states

Go over the Government Time Periods:

o 1776-1850

▪ County/No government

o 1850-1895

▪ Municipal government

o 1895-1932 If you want to learn more check out If a contract is for the sale of goods, the part of the ucc that governs the contract is what?

▪ Dillion’s Rule

▪ Reforms proposed  

o 1932-1980

▪ Growth of Federal Power

o 1981-2016

▪ less government= better government

- Shared Responsibilities:

1. Welfare

2. Employment services

3. Unemployment services

- State & Local Budgets (biggest areas):

1. Education

2. Health & Welfare

3. Police & Correction

4. Welfare

5. Highway & Transportation

6. Fire

- States & Communities:

1. Carry on the greatest volume of public business 2. Settle the greatest # of political conflicts Don't forget about the age old question of What does a synthesizer do?

3. Make the majority of policy decisions

4. Direct the bulk of public programs

- States & their major responsibilities:

1. Domestic law & order

2. Educating children

3. Moving Americans from place to place

4. Caring for the poor & ill

- States & Communities:

1. Regulate the provision of water, gas, electric & other  public utilities

2. Share in the regulation of insurance of banking

3. Regulate the use of land & the sale of ownership &  property

***State courts settle, by far, the greatest # of civil & criminal cases***

- Federal Responsibilities:

1. National Defense

2. Space Program

3. Postal Service

***KNOW THE CHARTS FROM PREVIOUS CH 4 NOTES*** o Federal share of total government expenditures (1948-2014) o Composition of Federal Tax Returns (1934-2014)

Ch. 5: (note that there is one more lecture to finish chapter 5) - The US= highest tax rates in the WORLD 

- Redistributing Income:  

o User/Client pay- user pays for any goods & services  received

o Ability to pay- uses taxes to fund programs; services are  provided to ALL who are eligible regardless of wealth

- Private & Public Goods:

o Public- everyone gets to use it

o Excludable- only those who pay gets the goods

o Non-rivaling- everybody can use without denying to others o Merit goods- goods which should not be denied to people  who cannot pay for them like public education,  

transportation, healthcare, etc…

***The rest of Chapter 5 will be updated after Lecture on Tuesday***

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