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CSU - PSY 320 - Week 6 updates - Class Notes

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CSU - PSY 320 - Week 6 updates - Class Notes

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background image CH 5 Physical & psychological responses o Flight/ flee
o Noticeable responses: pupil dilation, dry mouth, pounding heart, tense 
muscles, sweating, breathing fast and shallow o Hidden effects: adrenaline produced, liver releases glucose, blood  pressure rises, brain gets body ready for action o Activates 2 systems Sympathetic nervous system Nerve pathways initiate reactions Releases norepinephrine Adrenal-cortical system blood stream initiate reactions Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) o Activates adrenal cortical system Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) o Increased production/release of cortisol o PTSD Exposure (direct/Indirect) (at least 1 symptom) Intrusive symptoms (1 or more) Dreams/flashbacks/memories/reactions to cues Persistent avoidance (memories/physical) Negative changes in thought/mood tied to event Changes in arousal/reactivity (2 or more symptoms) Irritability/hypervigilance/startle response Lasts at least a month Distress/impairment in social life/occupation Not caused by other drug/medical/physiological Common causes War Natural disasters Crashes Attacks Sudden death of a loved one Abuse Childhood neglect Rape(BIGGEST CAUSE) Theories Environmental/social factors o Severity/duration
o Proximity
o Social support available
Psychological factors o Pre-existing condition
o Coping strategies – yelling/screaming or shutting 
background image Gender and cross-cultural differences o Women more prone
o African American higher rates
Neuroimaging findings – people with PTSD more reactive 
to emotional stimuli
Biochemical findings o Exaggerated physiological responses to stress
o Exposure to extreme/chronic stress during 
childhood Genetics – vulnerability can be inherited Treatments Cognitive-behavioral therapy and stress management o Exposure therapy
o Systematic desensitization – associate pleasant 
relaxed state with anxiety triggering stimuli o Cognitive restructuring Make sense of bad therapy We distort memories/what actually happens o Stress-inoculation therapy: therapists teach clients  skills for overcoming increased stress Biological therapies o Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) Prozac/Zoloft o Benzodiazepines Xanax o Other trauma related disorders Acute stress disorder: similar to ptsd  Lasts no longer than 4 weeks Adjustment disorder: emotional/behavioral symptoms arise 
within 3 weeks
o Common phobias: Arachnophobia Ophidiophobia - snake Acrophobia - heights Agoraphobia – open crowded spaces Cynophobia - dogs Astraphobia – thunder/lightning Claustrophobia Mysophobia – germs Aerophobia Trypophobia o Phobias – unreasonable/irrational fears of specific objects/situations LOOK AT DSM-5 CRITERIA in table 3 pg119 Animal type Natural environment type Situational type Blood-injection-injury type
background image o Theories of phobias Behavioral Negative reinforcement – avoidance Classical conditioning – conditioning to certain 
Biological Related people share phobias o Treatment of phobias Behavioral treatments Exposure to extinguish fear o Systematic desensitization
o Modeling – good with kids
o Flooding
Applied tension technique: tension increases blood 
pressure for fainting prevention
Biological treatment – benzodiazepines o Social anxiety disorder No public situations Rejected/judged/humiliated Avoid events DSM-5 criteria table 5 pg 125 More common in women Develops in adolescence mostly o Treatments for social anxiety Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) Cognitive-behavioral therapy Identifying negative cognitions and dispute them Role playing Mindfulness-based interventions o Theories of Social Anxiety Genetics Cognitive perspective High standards  Focus on negative parts of interactions Evaluate self harshly o Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) Anxious 24/7 Worry about everything Specific criteria table 5.7 Typically begins in childhood More common in women o Theories of GAD Emotional/cognitive factors Experiencing intense negative emotions Heightened reactivity in amygdala Make maladaptive assumptions

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School: Colorado State University
Department: Psychology
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Martha Amberg
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Psychology, OCD, disorders, and psychological disorders
Name: Week 6 updates
Description: All notes to date since last test.
Uploaded: 02/25/2018
8 Pages 35 Views 28 Unlocks
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