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Northeastern University - PSY 1101 - Foundations of Psych Honors Week

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Northeastern University - PSY 1101 - Foundations of Psych Honors Week

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School: Northeastern University
Department: Engineering
Course: Foundations of Psychology
Professor: Nancy Snyder
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Intro to Psychology and Psychology
Name: Foundations of Psych Honors Week 1 Notes
Description: These notes are for Dr. Mark Prokosch's Honors section of PSYCH1101's first class! They focus mainly on introducing the roots of psychology, the early schools, and current fields.
Uploaded: 02/26/2018
8 Pages 55 Views 44 Unlocks
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Unformatted text preview: 0 Foundations of Psychology 1/12/18 Examples of cognitive processes: > learning & memory Sensations dreaming - perceptions emotional states Subjective experiences motivaton Roots of Psych Philosophy * Ancient philosophers questioned human existence * Nature (Murture dichotomy Plato nativism ideas are innate * Aristotle philosophical empiricism, all knowledge is gained through experience Rene Descartes Cartesian DUGUSM, mind & body and are separate entities that interact a earliest emergence of the mind-body problem - modern psychologists neurologists would reject his idea because the wind was driven by neurons firing in the brain and neurotransmitters and me Psychis Founded Wilhelm Wundt - used scientific method to apply psych. principles / processes Wrote first psych textbook (1874 Es+. first research lab at the C Univ. of Leipzig (1819 ) Taught thousands of weg undergrods M ard hundreds of graduate students e Started early schools of psych 0 0 0 0By Soup Early Schools of Psych The Science of Psych Wund t experimental methods should be used " what is the best way to measure mental Processes ? Structuralism Edward Titchener - Wundtis, student complex conscious experiences can be broken down into elemental parts in " What are the structures of conscious experiences * Functionalism - William James > \st Americaun psych. prof. Harvard Influenced by Charles Davwin how behavior adaptation work - How behaviors function to allow people and og anmmals to adapt to their eny't "How can poych be applied to Aife?" "what are the functions of behavior?" . Psycho analysis a Sigmund Freud first clinical psychdogist - Focused onthe unconscious mind and how it shapes Logo falings, thoughts, and behaviors The unconscious is the part of the mind operating an outside conscious thought Many of his theories & ideas cannot be tested using the Scientific method Behaviorismo - Psych was redefined as the scientific Study of observable behavior dismissed the mind Ivan Pavlov oliscove ved prinoples of classical conditioning, also considered conditioned reflexesJohn Watson applied Pavlov's principles to humans fear is derived from conditioning Little Albert & the white vat . B.F. Skinner further experiments in behavior, leavning, and conditioning (with punishment "animals pressing leveys to get food" * Humanistic Psychology za Response h the day kness of psychoanalysis Othergection of a sense of "self" by behaviorism The pright side of behavior & maximize their potential - emphasis on choice, free will, & self-determination - Clinical psychologists : Carl Rogers + Horaham Maslow Cognitive Psychology and Revolutions - 1960s influenced by emergence of computer - entering, encoding, & stoning information Return to emphasis on mental processes and how they influence behavior te scientific study of how thought & perception, learning, and memory arc processed - The Biological Revolution - Putere in brain chemism & neurotransmission Inhibiting Act vating nerotrans mitters (Neuro psychopharmacology) Human Genome Project 25,000 genes Epigenomics & Epigenetics Neuroscience - neuvo imaging techniques (EEG) AMRI, PET, TMS useful fov Sleep research TMS is clinically-approved to treat depression & is a prime example of anatomical mopping

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