Limited time offer 20% OFF StudySoup Subscription details

WSU - PSYCH 361 - Week 7 Notes - Class Notes

Created by: ELIZABETH Notetaker Elite Notetaker

> > > > WSU - PSYCH 361 - Week 7 Notes - Class Notes

WSU - PSYCH 361 - Week 7 Notes - Class Notes

This preview shows pages 1 - 4 of a 16 page document. to view the rest of the content
background image Week of 2/19­2/23 Content: Chapter 6­ Cognitive Development based on Piaget, Vygotsky, and other Core Knowledge Perspectives Basic Ideas: Understand basic concepts and major themes of each theory o Know how to apply and contrast each theory o How it relates to different stages of individual and  general development of children Cognition: inner processes leading to “knowing”  Gives insight to the following main issues:  a) typical course= general trends from birth to maturity
b) individual differences= personal development 
c)  mechanisms= genetic and environmental factors that 
combine to yield change Piaget Cognitive Development Theory  Constructive approach: discover all knowledge through 
individual actions in the world 
Characteristics: ­ All people follow similar course of development,  cognitive change is in integrated fashion ­ Stages follow invariant order and universal to children  everywhere
background image ­ Emphasize individual differences through genetic and  environmental factors Terms
 ­schemes: psychological structures function to make sense of 
experience (also referred to as schemas)
­mental representation: early stages of thinking formed by 
internal depictions of information formed from your mind 
manipulating images and concepts 
   : build schemes through direct interaction with  environment
   : create new schemes or adjust to old ones if  current thinking isn’t capturing environmental completely
­Equilibration= movement between the two highlighted terms 
when taking in new logic and schemes 
­little change in schemes uses assimilation and big changes  requires accommodation 
­origination: process occurs internally by rearranging new 
schemes to link other schemes to create strongly interconnected 
cognitive system
Stages:  1) Sensorimotor (birth to 2 years) ­use senses (hearing, visual, motor, etc.) to learn basic 
motor functions
Sub stage 1:
background image ­develops from circulatory reactions: constantly 
repeating same action (new experience) to adapt to 
­first year= manipulation of objects
­second year= becomes experimental and creative
  Sub stage 2:
­Primary circular reaction: repeats chance behaviors 
motivated by basic needs resulting in basic motor 
abilities and cues
Sub Stage 3:
­Secondary circular reaction: (4­8 months) behaviors 
become more skilled at reaching and manipulate by 
own actions (repeat interesting events)
Sub Stage 4: (8­12 months) 
­intentional behavior: engage in goal­directed 
behavior, coordinate schemes to solve simple 
­establish means and ends action sequences 
(foundation of all problem solving)
­object permanence: understand object is still present 
even when not in sight
­test this by A­not­B search error Sub Stage 5: (12­18 months) 
background image ­4   th    degree circular reaction: repeat behavior with  variation, better problem solvers and interpretation of 
Sub Stage 6: (18­24 months)
­mental representation: arrive at solutions immediately
versus trial and error 
­Allows for:
­invisible displacement: solve advanced object 
permanence including tracking toys while moved 
out of sight
­deferred imitation: ability to remember and copy
behavior of people, parents, etc. when not present
­make­believe play
Criticism and follow­up research: a) violation of expectation method: ­habituate infants to physical event and test with 
familiar setting
­prolonged attention to novel unexpected event 
notates heightened awareness of reality (new 
event deviates from expected outcome)
b) controversial findings on development of object 
­earlier acquisition of knowledge in object 
permanence (gradual learning)
­ 5 to 9 months= can track objects

This is the end of the preview. Please to view the rest of the content
Join more than 18,000+ college students at Washington State University who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: Washington State University
Department: Psychology
Course: Developmental Psychology
Professor: Carrie Cuttler
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: Cognitive Psychology
Name: Week 7 Notes
Description: Chapter 6 Book and Lecture notes
Uploaded: 02/26/2018
16 Pages 25 Views 20 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to WSU - Psych 361 - Class Notes - Week 7
Join with Email
Already have an account? Login here
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to WSU - Psych 361 - Class Notes - Week 7

Forgot password? Reset password here

Reset your password

I don't want to reset my password

Need help? Contact support

Need an Account? Is not associated with an account
Sign up
We're here to help

Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or

Got it, thanks!
Password Reset Request Sent An email has been sent to the email address associated to your account. Follow the link in the email to reset your password. If you're having trouble finding our email please check your spam folder
Got it, thanks!
Already have an Account? Is already in use
Log in
Incorrect Password The password used to log in with this account is incorrect
Try Again

Forgot password? Reset it here