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CSN - CRJ 104 - Study Guide - Midterm

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CSN - CRJ 104 - Study Guide - Midterm

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background image Delgado Martinez !1 Midterm Study   Chapters 1-6 Pg. 2-112  Book: The Administration of Justices 4th Edition  The Constitution-   • The United States Constitution is the basis of all laws in the United States and ratified and  became the law of the land on June 21, 1788. The constitution also set up the framework of our  government and defined the roles of the three separate branches.   • Checks and balances- The framers of the constitution wanted each of these branches to work  equally and in concert with each other and did not want any on branch to become more  powerful then another. The reason that checks and balances system, was built into the  Constitution.   • Three branches of government:   • Legislative branch- is responsible for writing and passing all laws.   • This branch, like the other two, is found at all levels of government: Federal,  Congress, State, State legislature, Local, City or country councils or commissions   • Executive Branch- is responsible for carrying out or enforcing the laws that have been  passed the legislative branch.   • Federal   • State (Governor)   • Local (Mayor)  • Police fall under the Executive Branch  • Specialized   • Judicial Branch-  is responsible for interpreting laws; and the highest court is the united  States Supreme Court which has the authority as the interpreter of last report.   • Federal   • State  • Local   Bill of Rights- 
background image Delgado Martinez !2 • The common name given to the first ten amendments of the United States Constitution. The  Bill of Rights was ratified of December 15, 1791, three years after the Constitution was  ratified.   Amendments-   • First Amendment: Establish of religion and not prohibiting the free exercise of it.  • Freedom of speech and of the press  • Right to peaceably assemble and to petition the government for a redress of grievances   • Fourth Amendment: Establish the rules concerning search and seizure and arrest.   • Right against unreasonable searches and seizures   • The right against arrest with probable cause   • Fifth Amendment:   • The right against self-incrimination   • The right against “double jeopardy”  • The right to due process of law   • Together with the 6th and 14th Amendments  • Sixth Amendment:  • The right to a speedy trial   • The right to a jury trial   • The right to know the charges against you   • The right to cross-examine witnesses   • The right to a lawyer   • The right to compel witnesses on one’s belief   • Eight Amendment: Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel  and unusual punishments inflicted.   • The right to reasonable bail   • The right against excessive fines   • The right against cruel and unusual punishments   • Fourteenth Amendment:   • Referred to as the “due process clause” and the “equal protection Amendment.” 
background image Delgado Martinez !3 • Applies the protections afforded by the Bill of Rights to all citizens of the United States   Components of Criminal Justices-   • Police- The Police department is the largest component in the criminal justice system. They are  responsible to enforce criminal laws within their jurisdiction. In this case, Law enforcement,  which maintain public order and public safety.   • Correctional- is responsible for those individuals who are arrested and are awaiting trail.  •  Correction functions include prison and jails.   • Jails are local facilities and who are found guilty of misdemeanors and ordinary charges,  and are sentences to a term incarcerations.   • As for prisons, are operated by the federal government or state, not by local governments.  People who are taken to prison are convicted of felonies and are incarceration for more  than one year.  •  Courts- are the judicial component of the criminal justice system. It is comprised of many  different courts, such as: criminal, civil, administrative, and a variety of specialized courts.   • Federal and State levels   Crime Control Model-   • This model is based on the proposition that crime must be controlled at all cost in order to have  a safe society. In this model the rights of the man outweigh the rights of the few   Due Process-   • This model is designed to protect the rights of the individual who is accused of the a crime and  make sure that all legal resources and protections are available and utilized. In this model the  rights of the accused outweigh the rights of the many.   Sources of Crime Data-   • UCR- The Uniform Crime Report (URC) is the standard for crime statics. The nationwide  compilation ion of reported crime data from more than18,000 city, county, state, tribal,  university and college, and federal law enforcement. It is divided by to parts, violent crimes  and property. Part I crimes (violent crimes) are data that is collected for participating law  enforcement agencies and includes all of the instances within each category that was reported  to the police. 

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School: College of Southern Nevada
Department: OTHER
Course: Criminal Justice
Professor: John abel
Term: Fall 2017
Tags: Intro to criminal justice
Name: Midterm 1
Description: Study Guide
Uploaded: 02/26/2018
8 Pages 47 Views 37 Unlocks
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