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BYU-I - FDWLD 201 - World Foundations Exam notes - Study Guide

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BYU-I - FDWLD 201 - World Foundations Exam notes - Study Guide

School: Brigham Young University - Idaho
Department: OTHER
Course: World Foundations 2
Term: Winter 2018
Tags: War, world, world-war-1, and world civilization
Name: World Foundations Exam notes
Description: These notes cover part of the exam
Uploaded: 02/28/2018
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background image 1. World War I is one of the few times in history we can identify a  worldwide catastrophic change in human order, but its causes are far from 
clear.
a. true b. false 2. There are many different theories that people have presented  explaining what they think was the cause of the war. Which of the following 
are examples of these theories?
a. Some historians point to imperial greed and conflict over the  shrinking number of territories not already under colonial occupation. b. Others indicate the need for raw materials to fuel industrial  expansion and the need for new markets as the cause of the conflict. c. Some fault the failure of the 19th-century diplomatic status that  had balanced the European powers for nearly a century. d. Some cite "peace-fatigue." 3. After the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand in a tiny nation of Serbia, on June 28th,1914, it was clear that: a. Tensions between nobility and the workers were at an all time  high and needed to be suppressed. b. A second World Word was imminent. c. Europe was now headed toward catastrophe, and would bring in  the rest of the world with it. d. A civil war between the Eastern European States was  guaranteed. 4. Barbara W. Tuchman, in her Pulitzer Prize-winning history of the first  month of the war,entitled The Guns of August, described the explosive 
sunset of the old order in these eloquent terms employing the funeral of 
Britain's King Edward VII in 1910 as a metaphor for the funeral of the ancient
régime of
a. Rome. b. Greece. c. Great Britian. d. Europe. 5. World War I is now viewed as "round one" of a four-decade conflict that only ends in 1945 with World War II. Both wars are increasingly seen as flip 
sides of the same coin,bookends to the same savage killing that will produce 
as many as 60 million deaths.
a. true b. false 6. Some historians are making a case that the conflicts of the two world  wars are part of an even larger event that includes the
background image a. Cold War. b. Vietnam War c. Korean War d. South Paciic War 7. Which of the following lines can be found in the excerpt written by  Winston Churchill? a. "In scarlet and blue and green and purple, three by three the  sovereigns rode through the palace gates." b. "After them came five heirs apparent, forty more imperial or  royal highnesses, seven queens-four dowager and three regnant-and a 
scattering of special ambassadors from uncrowned countries."
c. "… but on history's clock it was sunset, and the sun of the old  world was setting in a dying blaze of splendor never to be seen again." d. "The mighty educated States conceived-not without reason-that  their very existence was at stake." 8. What nation, also known as the "Sick Man of Europe", joined the  Central Powers despite their weak and unstable circumstances? a. Poland b. Ottoman Empire c. Czech Republic d. Italy 9. The Ottoman Sultans did not survive the consequences of World War I,  and General Mustafa Kemal Ataturk will emerge as the national hero 
responsible for the establishment of the modern Republic of Turkey.
a. true b. false 10. Many colonial nations fought in World War I for their colonial overlords.  What was their main motivation for fighting? a. The promise of independence. b. Better relations with their overlords. c. They wanted to stop Nazis advancement into their lands. d. They feared what would happen if the Allies lost the war. 11. Based upon what seemed like solid guarantees from the British  government, the Arab Revolt, led by Emir Faysal of Medina and British 
Colonel T.E. Lawrence, often called Lawrence of Arabia, ended Ottoman rule 
only to see promises of an independent Arab nation completely fulfilled.
a. true b. false 12. George Santayana concluded:
background image a. "History is the key to understanding modern times." b. "History can only be understood by historians." c. "Those that cannot learn from history are doomed to repeat it." d. "Those that cannot learn from history live in ignorance." 13. Britain not only sought numerical superiority, but technological as well. In what way did Britain try to accomplish technological superiority? a. Britain had two warships to every one German warship. b. Britain built the Dreadnought class of battleships. c. Britain built a new line of gun ships that were far superior than  had ever been seen. d. Britain, unfortunately, was never able to materialize on any  technological advancement. 14. Nationalists living in the nations called the Five Great Powers saw the  coming conflict as an opportunity to destroy rivals and gain overall 
supremacy for their respective nations.
a. true b. false 15. The assassination of the Archduke set in motion a series of secret  treaties that brought virtually all or Europe into war within six weeks. a. true b. false 16. Beginning in 1905, the leaders of the Great Powers began to prepare  for the possibility of a major war. They understood the scale of destruction 
that awaited them and sought for possible peace resolutions.
a. true b. false 17. According to the "von Schliefen plan" it was imperative that the  Germans avoid weakening the western front before which European city fell? a. London b. Moscow c. Rome d. Paris 18. The commanders of the German army, so very confident of victory,  had not planned for which of the following? a. The soldiers to dig trenches b. The cold Russian winter c. The stalemate that settled in from the English Channel to the  Swiss Alps, called "The Western Front"

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School: Brigham Young University - Idaho
Department: OTHER
Course: World Foundations 2
Term: Winter 2018
Tags: War, world, world-war-1, and world civilization
Name: World Foundations Exam notes
Description: These notes cover part of the exam
Uploaded: 02/28/2018
10 Pages 118 Views 94 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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