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USC / Criminal Justice / CRJU 101 / What are the 7 types of crimes?

What are the 7 types of crimes?

What are the 7 types of crimes?

Description

School: University of South Carolina
Department: Criminal Justice
Course: The American Criminal Justice System
Professor: Theresa clement
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Criminal Justice
Cost: 25
Name: CRJU 101 Week 6+7
Description: These notes cover week 6 and half of week 7
Uploaded: 02/28/2018
7 Pages 53 Views 3 Unlocks
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CRJU 101


What are the 7 types of crimes?



Week 6 - February 20 + 22

Type of Crimes

1. Crimes against persons (Personal Crime)

2. Assault - unlawful threat to be bodily harmed

3. Battery - unlawful touching

4. Kidnapping - stealing + unlawful restraining a person

5. Robbery - taking from a person or their immediate presence through force or threat of force

6. Rape/Sexual Assault -

a. Statutory rape - sex with a minor

b. Still considered rape if consent is given

7. Homicide - One person kills another person

a. Murder - killing with malice or forethought

b. Manslaughter - killing while under heat of passion

8. Habitation (Crime Against Property)


What is the meaning of ecclesiastical law?



a. Burglary - entry without permission with intent to commit a crime . Can occur with any building

b. Arson - doesn’t have to be a building

c. Larceny - stealing from property

d. Malicious entry to property

Due Process + Police Procedure

● Laws direct how criminal justice system do at each stage

Exclusionary Rule

● To exclude evidence

● Doesn’t just apply to unreasonable searches

● Protects people from illegal search + seizure We also discuss several other topics like What are the 4 types of body language?

● 4th Amendment violation

Exceptions

● Some are exempt,

● Reasonable suspicion


What happened in the brown vs board of education?



If you want to learn more check out What was the purpose of the texas constitution of 1876?

Interrogation

● Unlawful if they refuse to give you food or water or refuse to let you use the restroom

Miranda Rights

● Miranda v Arizona

● Summarizing the rights that you have in only custody and being interrogated.

CRJU 101

Week 6 - February 20 + 22

● Police don’t have to read/state miranda rights. Sometime they don't read you their rights. Law enforcement is allowed to deceive you to get a confession

Internal Affair - Department within Sheriff's Department strong department with strong internal affairs

Procedures

The Court

Policing

The Code of the

● Defines crimes

● Older than Biblical Hebrew text

Roots of Policing comes from England

Dependent on family/kinship before policing

Weren’t just victim but had the right to vindicate whole case

Shire Reeve - only for landlords benefit based on politics and loyalty to landlord. If you break the law they would have to pay back society. We also discuss several other topics like What does entropy measure?

Industrial Revolution

● Arson was an issue

● The night watch was created

Sir Robert Seele - Father of Modern Policing

Cops in England - Bobbies

U.S.

Developed by regions

Ecclesiastical Law (Church made) - How things develop in the North East Gave law enforcement other civil duties

● Garbage men were police officers

● Cleaned public toilets

West

● Vigilante Justice

● Very rash - due process wasn't a high priority

CRJU 101 Don't forget about the age old question of What are the opponent colors according to ewald herring?

Week 6 - February 20 + 22

Posse Comitatus - 1 or 2 law enforcement officers needed help. Deputized regular citizens for specific purposes.

Southern States

Slave Patrol

● Returned slaves to plantation

South Carolina passed the Black Codes

● After civil war

● To repress freed slaves

○ Prohibited interracial marriage

■ “Moral” issue

■ Actually property + inheritance (money)

○ Prohibited preaching gospel without a license

■ Blacks would preach about the sins of the whites

○ Renting land in urban areas (city)

■ Could not rent property

■ Had to buy the property

■ Systematically kept them away from where people were

● The Negro Seamons (Sailor) Acts

○ If a boat came in the port they weren’t allowed to get off.

Plessy v. Ferguson

● Blacks were suing to receive the same education white get

● The separate but equal If you want to learn more check out What is depcited in the work of art duccio?

○ Allowed racial segregation

● Brown v. Board of education

○ Blacks are not getting equal opportunity and education

○ Court overturned the Plessy case

○ Outlawed racial segregation

■ Ex. Teachers in black schools had about up to 8th grade education ■ Ex. Black kids didn’t have buses to go to school

■ Ex. Shared textbooks

American Policing (1900’s)

Blamed Social disorder on

1. Immigrants

2. Low social classes

3. Poor people

CRJU 101

Week 6 - February 20 + 22

Contemporary Policing (Policing Today)

Federal Law Enforcement - Broad Jurisdiction

● Military Base

● U.S. postal service

● U.S. secret service

● F.B.I

● Bureau of A.T.F

● DEA - 5,000 less than 10% are women

State Law Enforcement

● Highway Patrol

○ Jurisdiction over while state

● Sheriff's office/department

○ Operate county jail

○ County wide jurisdiction

○ Enforce state + local laws We also discuss several other topics like A share of stock is worth $100, and 5 years later its worth $175. what is the average rate of growth over those 5 years?

○ Investigate

● City Police

○ City wide jurisdiction

○ Traffic enforcement

○ Crime prevention programs

Special Police Agencies

● Airport Police

● Transit Police

○ Jurisdiction on trains, etc.

● Campus Police

Selecting Police Officers

● Age (21 most)

● Driver license

● Residency (live in their jurisdiction)

● Education (minimum bachelors)

● Written exam (communicate effectively in writing)

● Oral interview (How well can you communicate with other officers) ● Medical/Physical exam

○ Integrity

○ Infidelity

● Credit

CRJU 101

Week 6 - February 20 + 22

● Psychological Exam

● Polygraph test (to determine if hey can trust you)

Disqualifications

● DUI

● Arrest for violence (even if not convicted)

● Drug conviction

Minority and women were excluded from Law enforcement

Civil rights act 1964 was amended in 1972

13% in Law enforcement are women.

Taining

● Driving

● Physical (flexible + strong)

● Report writing

● Testifying

○ Every question the lawyer asks make sure to link every answer to what you said before

● Firearms training

○ How/when to shoot + when not to shoot

CRJU 101

Week 7 - February 27 + March 29

Policing strategies

Policing styles usually reflect communities values

1. Zero tolerance policing (legalistic) - strict enforcement of the law for minor violations

2. Community policing - law enforcement are assigned to a neighborhood. Relationships are formed between neighborhood and law enforcement a. Focuses on crime prevention

b. Focuses on the problems in the community and not just the crimes c. Discretion

d. Decentralized decision making

3. Broken window policing

a. Run down buildings forces landlords to take care of property b. Targets smaller crimes

c. Preemptive crime from happening

d. Problem oriented policing

e. Proactive

Quality applicants

Quality of Police administration and leaders

Standard operating procedures (SOC)

Is the agency accredited

Homeland security

Terrorism​ - the organized use of violence to promote political or social change Domestic terrorism

● terrorism is the us by grounds that have no ties to foreign government ● religious and extremist groups

● Ex. The Oklahoma City bombing

Single issue extremist groups

● Anti abortion protesters who use violence

● Eco terrorism groups

● the animal liberation front

FBI ​- they gather intelligence on these groups

CRJU 101

Week 7 - February 27 + March 29

CIA

● responsible for foreign intelligence

● Difference between criminal justice and social justice ● Don't work on U.S.soil

● They do international work

Post 9/11 reforms

The counter terrorism task force​ - gathers intelligence from all agencies

Airline passenger screening

Require a national ID card

Due process

Racial profiling is used

Criminal justice - a crime has been committed

Social justice - for change

Rendition and torture

They don't have a ride to horpious corpus .

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