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CSU - PSY 320 - Study Guide - Study Guide

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CSU - PSY 320 - Study Guide - Study Guide

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background image Study Questions For exam 2 Chapter FIVE 1. Identify and give examples of the four types of symptoms that constitute  anxiety. a. Somatic – muscles tense, heart rate elevates, sweating, breathing  quickens b. Emotional – dread, terror, restlessness
c. Cognitive – hypervigilance, fear of dying, worry, anticipation of harm
d. Behavioral – avoidance, freezing, aggression
2. Know the differences between adaptive fear and maladaptive anxiety. a. Adaptive – concerns are realistic, fear matches the threat level
b. Maladaptive – exaggerated sense of fear
3. Know the key features of PTSD and the biological and psychological theories  that attempt to explain it a. Intrusive symptoms (dreams/flashbacks)
b. Persistent avoidance
c. Changes in arousal and reaction(hypervigilant/startle response
d. Impairment in social life/occupation
e. Lasts at least a month
f. Theories
i. Environmental/social factors 1. Severity/duration
2. Proximity
3. Social support available
ii. Psychological factors 1. Pre-existing condition
2. Coping strategies – yelling/screaming or shutting down
4. Identify the treatments available for PTSD as well as their advantages and  disadvantages. a. Treatments i. Cognitive-behavioral therapy and stress management 1. Exposure therapy
2. Systematic desensitization – associate pleasant relaxed 
state with anxiety triggering stimuli 3. Cognitive restructuring a. We distort memories vs what actually happens 4. Stress-inoculation therapy: therapists teach clients skills  for overcoming increased stress ii. Biological therapies 1. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) a. Prozac/Zoloft 2. Xanax
background image 5. Know the key features of panic disorder and the biological and psychological  theories that attempt to explain it. a. Panic attacks become common and unprovoked
b. Worry about having attacks/change behaviors as result
c. Theories
i. Biological factors 1. Heritability 43-48%
2. Triggered if
a. Hyperventilating
b. Ingesting caffeine
c. Breathe into paper bag
3. Involves limbic system a. Amygdala/hypothalamus/hippocampus ii. Cognitive factors 1. Negative misinterpretation of body sensations
2. Snowballing catastrophic thinking
3. Anxiety sensitivity - Believe that bodily symptoms have 
bad consequences 4. Interoceptive awareness – hypervigilance to cues that  lead to panic attack 6. Know the key features of agoraphobia. a. Social anxiety disorder i. No public situations 1. Rejected/judged/humiliated
2. Avoid events
ii. More common in women iii. Develops in adolescence mostly iv. Treatments 1. SSRIs
2. SNRIs
3. Behavioral therapy
v. Theories 1. Genetics
2. Cognitive perspectives
a. High standards 
b. Focus on negative parts of interactions
c. Evaluate self harshly
7. Identify the four main types of specific phobias. a. Animal type
b. Natural environment type
c. Situational type
d. Blood-injection-injury type
8. Discuss the biological and psychological theories of phobias. a. Behavioral i. Negative reinforcement – avoidance ii. Classical conditioning – conditioning to certain objects/situations b. Biological i. Related people share phobias
background image 9. Discuss the effective behavioral treatments for phobias. a. Behavioral treatments i. Exposure to extinguish fear 1. Systematic desensitization
2. Modeling – good with kids
3. Flooding
ii. Applied tension technique: tension increases blood pressure for  fainting prevention 10.Discuss the key features of GAD and the theories that attempt to explain it. a. Anxious 24/7
b. Worry about everything
c. Specific criteria table 5.7
d. Typically begins in childhood
e. More common in women
f. Theories of GAD
i. Emotional/cognitive factors 1. Experiencing intense negative emotions
2. Heightened reactivity in amygdala
3. Make maladaptive assumptions
4. Detecting possible threats – looking for things to go wrong
a. Unconscious cognitions 5. Biological factors a. Deficiency of gamma-aminobutyric acid i. Excessive firing of neurons b. Modest heritability 11.Identify treatments used for GAD. a. Cognitive-behavioral therapies i. Teach coping/challenge conditions  ii. Relaxation exercises iii. Challenge fears about separation 1. Calming Self talk b. Drugs: antidepressants/antianxiety/stimulants/antihistamines 12.Discuss the key features of OCD, and explain how obsessions and  compulsions are tied to one another. a. Persistence of obsession/compulsions/both i. Obsessions 1/2 1. Persistent: thoughts/ideas/images/impulses a. Causes significant anxiety or distress 2. Attempt to ignore/neutralize thoughts with other  thoughts/actions ii. Compulsions ½ 1. Repetitive behaviors/mental acts compelled to perform
2. Compulsion aimed at preventing/reducing anxiety or 
dreaded b. Time consuming-at least an hour a day
c. Not attributable to substance/medical condition

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School: Colorado State University
Department: Psychology
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Martha Amberg
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: abnormal psych, Abnormal psychology, Studyguide, and Study Guide
Name: Study Guide
Description: Study guide for test 2 **chapter nine not included yet**
Uploaded: 03/02/2018
8 Pages 42 Views 33 Unlocks
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