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Clarion - PSY 211 - Class Notes - Week 6

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Clarion - PSY 211 - Class Notes - Week 6

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background image Psych 211 The Big 5 Model 1. Openness a. Open to new ideas and experiences i. Adventurous, creative ii. Positive implications? 2. Conscientiousness a. Dependable; organized i. Orderly, industrious ii. Positive implications 3. Extraversion a. Outgoing, loud, wants to be with people i. Draw attention to themselves ii. Negative implications especially under stress 4. Agreeableness a. Nice, friendly, caring, compassionate i. Focus on others more than themselves ii. Neutral implications – neither good nor bad 5. Neuroticism a. Nervous
b. Impulsive
c. Stable or unstable?
i. Implications? 1. Maybe it helps – people with high test anxiety do  better on exams 2. But if you’re too anxious, you can’t concentrate The Big 5 spell out OCEAN
The Big 5 is reliable and valid: unlike Myers-Briggs
What is Psychology? 1. A scientific approach a. One key aspect: empiricism – use senses; beliefs must be tested  against objective evidence b. Basic idea behind empiricism: see for ourselves
c. As scientists, beliefs have to be anchored to reality
2. Devoted to the applied goals of describing, predicting, understanding,  and controlling individual behavior 3. That is extremely broad in scope Because it is anchored to the observable evidence, empirical psychology is 
1. Mere speculation
2. Pseudoscience – any approach to explaining phenomena that claims to 
be scientific but does not use the empirical approach
background image Psych 211 3. Common sense (a body of folk wisdom about people that “everybody  knows” to be true) a. Subjective opinion: There is safety in numbers
b. Objective reality: There is danger in numbers
i. More likely to be helped if car is stranded on a country road than a highway Opinions DO NOT equal observable evidence Empiricism Definition: Relying on or derived from observation or experiment; 
Verifiable or provable by means of observation or experiment
2 aspects o Testability Can we test it? Open to new ideas Test before you believe o Objectivity How can we judge whether it is correct or not? A closer look at testability o Definition: verifiability; Potentially: disprovable, disconfirmable,  falsifiable o Value: If right, produce useful knowledge If wrong, new truth o Scientists if wrong, are supposed to admit it Prediction is tied closely to reality o Unfalsifiable = “unvaluable” Objectivity o Definition: based on observable phenomena; things in the  realm of sensible experience (5 senses) and perceptible by 
all observers 
(anyone can look into a microscope or telescope);
having reality independent of the mind
Examples of Objective vs. Subjective Objective – Marvin coughed three times before 
continuing to talk about the feats he performed on 
the football team when he was in high school.
o We are able to observe everything about this  statement Subjective – As she began to talk about her mother’s 
death, her grief manifested itself in tears.
o We don’t know this is the reason she’s crying o Value:

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School: Clarion University of Pennsylvania
Department: Psychology
Course: General Psychology
Professor: Richard Nicholls
Term: Spring 2015
Tags: Psychology
Name: Psych Week 6
Description: These notes cover week 6 material
Uploaded: 03/02/2018
4 Pages 33 Views 26 Unlocks
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