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Clarion - ED 121 - Class Notes - Week 6

Created by: Ellora Gallo Elite Notetaker

Clarion - ED 121 - Class Notes - Week 6

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background image ED 121 Chapter 5: Cognitive Development in Infancy Piaget’s Views Sensorimotor intelligence – learning through the senses Assimilation – adding info to existing scheme Accommodation – changing information to incorporate new 
information
Sensorimotor Substages 1. Basic Reflexes a. Birth to 1 month
b. Neonate is entirely tied to the immediate present and operates 
on basic reflexes (crying, sucking, grasping) c. Forget events
d. No planning evident
2. Primary Circular Reactions a. 1 to 4 months
b. Infant makes simple repetitive actions, like thumb sucking, each 
organized around infants own body 3. Secondary Circular Reactions a. About 4 to 8 months
b. Infant now repeating some actions to trigger reactions from 
others i. Cooing to prompt a smile 4. Coordination of Secondary Schemes a. About 8 to 12 months
b. Infant begins to understand causal connections and begins to 
explore their world c. Means-end behavior – ability to keep a goal in mind and devise a  plan to achieve it i. Might see toy across room. Can’t walk yet so will roll over  to it 5. Tertiary Circular Reactions a. About 12 to 18 months
b. Exploration increases
c. Infant’s behavior has a purposeful, experimental, trial-and-error 
quality (like a little scientist) 6. Transition to Symbolic Thought a. 18 to 24 months
b. Infant begins to use symbols, such as words and images
c. Language allows the infant to think about solutions to problems, 
without trial-and-error behavior
background image ED 121 Object permanence – the realization that objects still exist when hidden from 
sight (around 18 months)
2 months – child is surprised when an object disappears 6-8 months – child briefly scans for missing object *8-12 months – child reaches for or searches for completely hidden 
object
A-not-B error – error in logical thinking o A child looks for object in last place found rather than where they last saw it being places Modern Studies of Object Permanence “Looking Studies” Babies as young as 4 months show signs of object permanence by 
tracking object with eyes
1 year olds showed object permanence in a variety of testing situations Challenges to Piaget’s Views Underestimation of infant cognitive capacity Inaccurate equation of an infant’s lack of physical ability with lack of 
cognitive understanding
Underestimation of object permanence appearance beginning Imitation: performance of an act performed by another person 2 months – imitate actions they can see themselves make (patty cake) 8-12 months – imitate other people’s facial expressions 1 year – imitation of any action that wasn’t in child’s repertoire begins 18 months – deferred imitation (a child’s imitation of some action at a 
later time begins) – up to 2 days
o Child imitates something they saw previously, such as 2 days  ago Learning – permanent changes to behavior that results from experiences Memory Carolyn Rovee-Collier’s research Babies as young as 3 months old can remember specific objects and 
their own actions for as long as one week
Young infants are more cognitively sophisticated than was previously 
assumed

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School: Clarion University of Pennsylvania
Department: Education and Teacher Studies
Course: Human Development & Learning
Professor: Deborah Ellermeyer
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: HumanDevelopment
Name: ED Week 6
Description: These notes cover class material from week 6
Uploaded: 03/02/2018
5 Pages 50 Views 40 Unlocks
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