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FSU - CLP 4143 - Class Notes - Abnormal Psychology Week 8 notes

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FSU - CLP 4143 - Class Notes - Abnormal Psychology Week 8 notes

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background image Specific Phobia A. Marked fear or anxiety about a specific object/situation B. Object or situation almost always provokes immediate fear or 
anxiety
C. Object or situation is actively avoided or endured with intense 
fear/anxiety
D. Fear or anxiety is out of proportion to the actual danger E. Lasts for 6+ months F. Clinically significant distress or impairment G. Not better accounted for by another condition Specific types:  o Animals Arachnophobia: fear of spiders Cynophobia: fear of dogs Ophidiophobia: fear of snakes o Natural Environment Acrophobia: fear of heights Astraphobia: fear of thunderstorms Nyctophobia: fear of the dark o Blood-Injection-Injury (drop in blood pressure – fainting response) Hemophobia: fear of blood Trypanophobia: fear of injections Traumatophobia: fear of injury o Situational Aerophobia: fear of airplanes Vehophobia: fear of driving Claustrophobia: fear of tight spaces o Other Coultrophobia: fear of clowns Emetophobia: fear of vomiting Phonophobia: fear of fear of loud noises Normative vs. Phobia Fear o Fear is a natural part of childhood Tends to decrease with age o Specific phobias may be adaptive fears expressed in a  maladaptive way Prevalence of Specific Phobias o Lifetime: 12.5%
o Past year: 8.7%
o Gender: 4 times more common in women than men 
o Age: Less common in older age
background image o Ethnicity: Hispanics 2x more likely than non-Hispanic White  Americans Course of Specific Phobias o Onset: Most common during childhood (7 years old)
o Chronic course = tends to be lifelong
o Most do not seek treatment
Biological Factors o Heritability 31% of first degree relatives of someone with phobia also 
have a phobia
Relatives tend to have identical types of phobias Unclear whether influence is generic through modeling 
specific fears
o Phobias also seem to have an evolutionary basis Snakes, heights, water, thunderstorms Psychological Factors o Direct experience
o Experiencing a false alarm
o Observing someone else’s intense fears 
o Being told about danger
o Vulnerability + Stress = Phobia
Social Factors o Acceptability of certain phobias Specific Phobia Treatments o Exposure Therapy Patient is gradually exposed to the stimulus Psychological Treatments o Exposure Therapy for Blood-Injection-Injury Phobia Can’t do an exposure if someone faints and is unconscious  Need to tense muscle groups to keep blood pressure up o Tips for Exposure Therapy Exposures must be repeated  Practice in-session and at home Avoid “safety aids” Use graduated exposure Work with therapist. 

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School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Psychology
Name: Abnormal Psychology Week 8 notes
Description: These are the notes from the powerpoints that we went over in class.
Uploaded: 03/02/2018
4 Pages 28 Views 22 Unlocks
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