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UVU - Phil 205 - Class Notes - Week 4

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UVU - Phil 205 - Class Notes - Week 4

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background image   Katelyn Orcutt  January 29-February 2  Week 4  January 29th 
MAIN POINTS: 
● Reading:  ○ Watch the  Kant’s Axe  Youtube Video  ● Deontology Discussion Continues 
● Kant’s Axe Discussion 
DEONTOLOGY DISCUSSION CONTINUES: 
[
​Page 42​]: ​Universal Law Formulation:​ Your action, if everyone did it, can’t create a contradiction.  [ ​Page 44​]: ​Humanity Formulation:   ● Rational Beings = Persons 
● Everything Else = Things 
● Persons can’t be used 
​merely​ as tools to satisfy your desires.  [ ​Page 45​]: ​Kingdom of Ends:  ● Moral Society of Law 
● Rights 
Discussion Points ​:  - You  ​can’t use persons, because you have to respect that they are autonomous creatures. Personas  are only an end and not only a means. Everything else can be used as a tool (example: pens, other 
animals). 
- We  ​are beings that need assistance, thus we can’t disregard giving assistance. If we didn’t, there  would be a contraction. You can use people as tools, but you can’t  ​take advantage​ of other  persons.  - Leading someone astray (i.e. lying, coercing).  - Only thing that matters is intent (i.e. if your intent is tainted then the entire action 
is tainted). 
- Lies of Omission ​: Can be a lie, or it could just be keeping something to yourself  - You ​ are obligated to develop your talents  - Kant believes that everything that exists has a purpose  - Thus your talents are there to be developed and it would be immoral to become 
lazy and not utilize the gifts you are given. 
- * Utopian Ideal! - ​Used in law/justice  - Universal rights and principles.  KANT’S AXE DISCUSSION:  - It’s always immoral to lie!  - This is because you are robbing someone else of their ability to rationally use their 
autonomy. 
- Another option: Just close the door!  - Implications are the only thing that matters, so if you only see an option to lie, just avoid 
the situation. 
- Lying is in the moment, and that moment is all that matters.  - Kant believes in due punishment (i.e. death penalty for murderers)  - Proportional judgement   
background image   Katelyn Orcutt  January 29-February 2  Week 4  January 31st 
*Class was Cancelled: You were asked to complete the “Moral Machine” activity instead. 
 
February 2nd 
MAIN POINTS: 
● Reading:  ○ “Green et. al” Page 67 - The Trolley Problems  ● The Trolley Problems 
● Green & Young 
THE TROLLEY PROBLEMS:  - Theorized by philosopher Phillipa Foote (1920-2010)    - Saving?  - Killing?  - Murder?  - Do you have moral responsibility if you do nothing?  - Are you a  murderer​ for flipping the switch?  - Is splitting hairs  moral​ when you know more about the people?  - Like to say that in another experiment, the one person who you would kill to save 
the five was your mother or some other family member. 
- Should it make a difference if you know more about the people?  MIT Moral Machine:  - A tool being used to give intuition for AI (artificial intelligence) in self-driving cars  - Basic concept is the same as in  I. Robot  when the robot saves Will Smith instead of the  little girl because he would do more good in the world than she would.  - Do the numbers make a difference? (Saving five people vs. killing one person)  - Morality: ​ Shoulds and Oughts  - Intent vs. Outcome (Kant vs. Mill) 

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School: Utah Valley University
Department: OTHER
Course: Ethics and Values
Professor: Jeffery Neilson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: philosophy and Lecture Notes
Name: PHIL 205G - Week 4 (January 29 - February 2)
Description: These notes cover the last of our discussion of Deontology and then introduce our analysis of the Trolley Problems.
Uploaded: 03/05/2018
3 Pages 36 Views 28 Unlocks
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