Limited time offer 20% OFF StudySoup Subscription details

UVU - Phil 205 - Class Notes - Week 6

Created by: Katelyn Orcutt Elite Notetaker

> > > > UVU - Phil 205 - Class Notes - Week 6

UVU - Phil 205 - Class Notes - Week 6

School: Utah Valley University
Department: OTHER
Course: Ethics and Values
Professor: Jeffery Neilson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: philosophy and Lecture Notes
Name: PHIL 205G - Week 6 (February 12-16)
Description: These notes continue on the Virtue Theories with Aristotle then continue with Aurelius' stoicism and Mencius' sentimentalism.
Uploaded: 03/05/2018
This preview shows pages 1 - 2 of a 4 page document. to view the rest of the content
background image   Katelyn Orcutt  February 12-16  Week 6  February 12th 
MAIN POINTS: 
● Reading:  ○ Aristotle, “The Object of Life” - Pages 95-99  ● Continuation of Virtue Theories  ARISTOTLE VIRTUE THEORY (CONTINUED) ​:  Why be Ethical?:  To gain and keep Eudaimonia (“Happiness”, Flourishing, The Good Life)  How to be Ethical?:  To use  ​reason​ to determine how to be ​virtuous​ (excellent) and then ​practice​ that  virtue until it becomes a  ​habit.  ● Every rational activity aims at some End or Good (Telos) (Purpose)    [ ​Page 92​]: The science that studies the Supreme Good for humanity is politics.  ● Why do we all live and collaborate to be the best/live the best lives?  *We all have a role and place in society, no one is better than the other on their own premise, it is how we 
approach our role that makes us better or worse. 
● Aristotle (Ancient Society):  ​The Community came before the individual gains.  ● Modern Society:  ​The Individual gains come before the community.  Why are we doing this, what is the purpose? 
[
​Page 94​]: Happiness is something you choose for its own sake!  - Zoon Politikon  - Animal - Political  Virtue:  - Intellect leads to education  - Morality leads to habits (practice)  February 14th 
MAIN POINTS: 
● Reading:  ○ Marcus Aurelius “Rationality and Self-Discipline” (Page 100)  ● Continue Discussion on Virtue Theories 
● Start Discussion on Marcus Aurelius and Stoicism 
background image   Katelyn Orcutt  February 12-16  Week 6  DISCUSSION ON VIRTUE THEORY (CONTINUED) ​:  ● Aristotle:   ○ Cultivating your most excellent self, for the benefit of you and those around you.  ● [ ​Page 95​]: Learn moral virtue by ​doing​, practice, and developmental habits  ○ Good Habits lead to good actions. Bad habits lead to bad actions. 
○ Habits first, insight later. 
● [ ​Page 96​]: Only general rules/guidelines  ○ Virtue is incompatible with either ethics or deficiency  ● [ ​Page 97​]: Pleasure and Pain might be a guide  ○ Virtue is a disposition, not a feeling or faculty  ● [ ​Page 98​]: Figuring out “How to be the most excellent you” (politics, reason, experience)  ○ But what is its differentia? Any excellence enables its possessor to function; therefore this  is true of human excellence, i.e. virtue.  ○ Doctrine of the Mean 
○ Which vice is closest to the virtue? 
■ The virtue is between the vice of excess and the vice of deficiency.  ○ What is the Goal?  ■ Find those you see as virtuous and learn (virtue is a learning process)    ● [ ​Page 99​]: ​Three Rules  1. Keep away from that extreme which is more contrary to the mean. 
2. We must notice the errors into which we ourselves are liable to fall and drag 
ourselves in the contrary direction; for we shall arrive at the mean by pressing 
well away from our failing -- just like somebody straightening a warped piece of 
wood. 
3. In every situation one must guard especially against pleasure and pleasant things,  because we are not impartial judges of pleasure. Relieve yourselves to the 
attraction and shall be less likely to go wrong. 
DISCUSSION ON MARCUS AURELIUS - STOICISM ​:  ● Tranquility is nothing other than peace of mind  ○ Peace of mind = good ordering of the mind.  ● If you are discontent, then you are not peaceful. Question yourself on what is necessary in your  life.  ● “Death happens, don’t worry about it” - Death is a constant worry for everyone.   
 

This is the end of the preview. Please to view the rest of the content
Join more than 18,000+ college students at Utah Valley University who use StudySoup to get ahead
4 Pages 20 Views 16 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join more than 18,000+ college students at Utah Valley University who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: Utah Valley University
Department: OTHER
Course: Ethics and Values
Professor: Jeffery Neilson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: philosophy and Lecture Notes
Name: PHIL 205G - Week 6 (February 12-16)
Description: These notes continue on the Virtue Theories with Aristotle then continue with Aurelius' stoicism and Mencius' sentimentalism.
Uploaded: 03/05/2018
4 Pages 20 Views 16 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to UVU - PHIL 205 - Class Notes - Week 6
Join with Email
Already have an account? Login here
×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to UVU - PHIL 205 - Class Notes - Week 6

Forgot password? Reset password here

Reset your password

I don't want to reset my password

Need help? Contact support

Need an Account? Is not associated with an account
Sign up
We're here to help

Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or support@studysoup.com

Got it, thanks!
Password Reset Request Sent An email has been sent to the email address associated to your account. Follow the link in the email to reset your password. If you're having trouble finding our email please check your spam folder
Got it, thanks!
Already have an Account? Is already in use
Log in
Incorrect Password The password used to log in with this account is incorrect
Try Again

Forgot password? Reset it here