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AU - BIO 2510 - Study Guide - Midterm

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AU - BIO 2510 - Study Guide - Midterm

School: Auburn University
Department: Biology
Course: Human Anatomy and Physiology II
Professor: Jeffrey Goessling
Term: Winter 2016
Tags:
Name: exam 2 study guide
Description: this study guide comprises practice questions discussing digestion and the urinary tract ( the test also includes gas exchange physiology).
Uploaded: 03/05/2018
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background image Anatomy Exam 2 Study Guide Materials:  This exam will cover Gas Exchange Physiology, The Digestive System and the
Urinary system. This information is not incredibly complicated however there is a significant
amount of information so spread out your studying to better retain details! Review class notes
and lecture slides before going over this study guide as review. If you need more practice use the
Dynamic Study Modules in Mastering A&P (these provide great example questions and lots of
them). 
Matching A) Saturated Fats             ___ double layer of peritoneum that holds organs in place and stores
fat. 
B)  Unsaturated Fats               ___Mucosa, submucosa, muscularis externa, serosa
C)  Lipolysis                          ___ Have both adventitia and serosa
D) Submucosal nerve plexus ___ controls GI tract motility
E) Ileum                            ___ fatty acids that lack double bonds between carbons (found in
butter)
F) Defensins                            ___ breaks down oligosaccharides and disaccharides
G) Tunics          ___ triglycerides catabolized into glycerol ad fatty acids in adipose tissue and
liver
H)   Lingual frenulum                 ___ Absorption site of vitamin B12
I)   Myenteric nerve plexus         ___ regulates RBC production
J)  Brush Boarder Enzymes         ___ regulates blood pressure
K)  Erythropoietin                       ___ inflammation of parotid glands due to mumps virus
L) Retroperitoneal organs            ___ attaches tongue to floor of mouth
M)  Renin                                     ___ antimicrobial peptides produced by oral mucosa
N) Mumps                                    ___ controls activity of glands and mucosal smooth muscles
O) Mesentery                                  ___ “Good Fats” have 1 or more double bonds between
carbons Short Answer  1) What are the 3 major classes of food?   Where is each category digested and where do the enzymes for their digestion come from? 
2) What are the end products of each phase of aerobic ATP synthesis? 
3) What are micro and macro nutrients?
4) Name and describe the 4 types of papillae. 
5)What are the three layers of tissue around the kidney? 
6) What are nephrons? What is their main function? 
7) What body parts are included in the urinary system and what are their functions. 
8) Provide an example of a gland that is both endocrine and exocrine.
9) Compare and contrast hormones, autocrines and paracrines. 
10) What hormones are enteroendocrine cells responsible for producing?
11) Describe the mucosal barrier, what are the functions and make up of this barrier?
12) What are the functions of the digestive system? 
background image 13) What are the 3 major salivary glands and what are they composed of?
14)  Describe the many functions of the kidneys.
15) What causes gallstones? What treatments are effective in treating this problem? 
16) Describe the 2 types of nephrons and their abundance. 
17) What do secretin and cholecystokinin do?
18)What accessory organs are associated with the small intestine? What are they responsible for?
19)Why are trans fats bad?
20) What are the extrinsic pathways present in the GI tract?
21) How is the small intestine innervated? Where does the blood supply come from?
22)   What   adaptions   are   present   in   the   small   intestine   to   increase   surface   area   for   nutrient
absorption? 
23) What are micelles and how do they differ from chylomicrons?
24) What is hepatitis? Provide some causes and treatments for this condition. 
25) What are the 3 sublayers of GI mucosa? What are they composed of and what is the function
of this layer of the GI tract?     

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School: Auburn University
Department: Biology
Course: Human Anatomy and Physiology II
Professor: Jeffrey Goessling
Term: Winter 2016
Tags:
Name: exam 2 study guide
Description: this study guide comprises practice questions discussing digestion and the urinary tract ( the test also includes gas exchange physiology).
Uploaded: 03/05/2018
5 Pages 59 Views 47 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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