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UVU - Phil 205 - Class Notes - Week 7

Created by: Katelyn Orcutt Elite Notetaker

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UVU - Phil 205 - Class Notes - Week 7

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background image   Katelyn Orcutt  February 21-23  Week 7  February 21st 
● Reading:  ○ Appiah “Experiments in Ethics” - Page 115 
○ Egla “On overrating oneself and knowing it” - Page 212 
● Finish Up on Sentimentalism Discussion 
● Discussion on Adam Elga and Overrating Yourself 
● Discussion on Experimental Psychology vs. Virtue Ethics
DISCUSSION  ON SENTIMENTALISM (CONCLUSION):  ● Humans have innate (inborn) moral goodness  ○ “Child in well” 
○ Familial love 
● Virtues are when innate goodness is cultivated and extended by society 
● Vices arise when innate goodness is damaged and discouraged by society (“Bull Mountain”). 
Therefore, politics of society are integral to ethics (similar to Aristotle).  ○ If the poor steal, fault of the emperor, not the poor themselves.  ● The difference between human beings and beasts is a subtle one but an extremely important one.  What about sociopaths or psychopaths?  They are damaged in the same way that someone is born without a limb 
Virtue Theorist = Perspective, understanding 
Utilitarianism/Deontology = Prescription, rules 
DISCUSSION ON ADAM ELGA:  ● Problems with self-evaluations 
● (E) - don’t believe if there is no evidence for it 
● Accurate (Depression)  or Happy (Thinking you are capable of more than you are in reality) 
DISCUSSION ON KWAME ANTHONY APPIAH:  ● Experimental Psychology vs. Virtue Ethics  ○ Globalist ​ (Ideal Virtue Theory) (Consistent)  ■ I am honest, I am capable of being honest 
■ Weak
: I can have some of the virtues, but I can do them all consistently.  ■ Strong : I will have all of the virtues all of the time and will practice them always.  ○ Situationist  ■ I am honest at home, but I am not honest at work  ● “Bakery Experiment”:  ○ You are more likely to give to the homeless when in front of a bakery (because you are  smelling good smells and are in a good mood) rather than in front of a clothing store.  ■ People aren’t really honest about why?  February 23rd 
● Reading:  ○ Plato “Euthyphro” - Page 163  ● Continue Discussion on Appiah 
● Discussion on Divine Command Theory and the Euthyphro Dilemma

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School: Utah Valley University
Department: OTHER
Course: Ethics and Values
Professor: Jeffery Neilson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: philosophy and Lecture Notes
Name: PHIL 205G - Week 7 (February 21-23)
Description: These notes finish up the discussion of Mencius and sentimentalism and discusses the writing of Adam Elga, Appiah, and Plato's Euthyphro Dilemma in response to Divine Command Theory.
Uploaded: 03/05/2018
2 Pages 25 Views 20 Unlocks
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