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USC - CLAS 220 - Class Notes - Week 8

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USC - CLAS 220 - Class Notes - Week 8

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background image Classics 220­ Introduction to Classical Mythology­ Week 8 (3/5) (3/7) Odyssey 7­12 Underworld: Tantalos and Sisyphus o Tantalos: tasked with preparing dinner for the gods Feeds his son to the gods­ they are disgusted Punish him in the underworld by placing him near a river and a fruit tree Any time he reaches for the fruit, the branches lift out of his reach; any 
time he reaches for the water, it flows away from him
o Sisyphus: must push a rock up a hill only to have it fall down on him over and  over Odysseus’ adventures (cont.) o Odysseus resumes his story o Describes coming back from the underworld to his arrival on the island of  Calypso o Concludes by saying “why repeat myself” o Phaiakians prepare to send him home On his way home, he encounters: o The Sirens Odysseus is tied to the mast of the ship while his crew stop their ears with 
wax so that they can’t hear the songs of the sirens
o Scylla and Charybis Scylla­ Monster that eats some of his crew members Charybis­ a giant whirlpool that they avoid o Island of the Oxen of the Sun Helios’ cattle that they were warned not to eat They get trapped on the island and are forced to eat the cattle All of the crew die except for Odysseus as he does not eat the cattle o After this, he is stranded in the ocean and floats back to the island of Calypso Odyssey 13­18 Second half of the story o Odysseus arrives home at the start of book 13 o Physical Nostos, in other words, is only half the story o Now he has to make it real The Phaiakians drop him off on Ithaca while he is sleeping o Wakes up not knowing where he is because Athena has shrouded the island so  that he doesn’t rush straight to the palace o She shows up disguised to make sure he doesn’t do so o He is cunning though, and already understands why he should not do this Goes to Eumaios as a beggar and asks for help
background image o He is a very good host Telemachus goes back to Ithaca o Encounters Theoklymenos o Bird sign is seen o Theoklymenos says that this means that Telemachus’ family will stay in power o Also decides not to go straight to the palace because of the ambush that the suitors have planned  o Ends up going to Eumaios as well o Reunites with Odysseus after Athena reveals him Book 17­18­ Odysseus is tested in his own home o Odysseus, disguised, returns to his home for the first time o He experiences first hand the way the suitors have behaved o He sees he that arrived home just in time His wife was to pick a suitor before her son became a man o On the way to the palace, Odysseus runs into Meanthius who sided with the  suitors and treats him badly as a beggar o Odysseus’ dog, Argos, recognizes him despite his disguise, however he can’t  move to greet him since he’s so old and weak. He then dies o Odysseus enters the palace­ the suitors treat him badly  One throws a stool at him o Another beggar shows up and the suitors make them fight­ Odysseus wins o Penelope confronts the suitors saying they should be giving her gifts if they want  to court her Odyssey 19­24 (3/7) The climax of the poem o Timing is everything o Penelope, Telemachus, Argos, Laertes all experience breaking points o New moon and Winter Solstice Typically, these recur together every 19 yrs or so o Festival of Apollo o Nostos as return to life as well as return home o Transition to new generation o End of the Odyssey = end of the Age of Heroes Penelope and the Disguised Odysseus o Preparation for their later full recognition o He recounts memories of Odysseus before the Trojan War and suggest that he  will return Penelope offers him a bed for the night and has an old nurse wash his feet o The nurse notices a scar he has, and she recognizes him Interlude where the way he got the scar is described Suspense building tactic by the narrator

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School: University of South Carolina
Department: Classical Studies
Course: Introduction to Classical Mythology
Professor: Osborne
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Classics, Greek Mythology, The Odyssey, odysseus, greekgods, and Greek Myth
Name: Clas 220- Week 8 Notes
Description: These notes cover the end of the Odyssey as discussed in lecture on 3/5 and 3/7.
Uploaded: 03/08/2018
4 Pages 24 Views 19 Unlocks
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