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FSU - CLP 4143 - Class Notes - Week 9

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FSU - CLP 4143 - Class Notes - Week 9

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background image Generalized Anxiety Disorder o A. Excessive anxiety and worry about many different subjects  most days for at least 6 months What do people with GAD worry about? 1. Family 2. Money 3. Work  4. Illness o B. Worry is difficult to control How does GAD differ from normative worry? Worry time is a lot longer o C. Associated with 3+ of the following symptoms: Restlessness/feeling keyed up Easily fatigued Difficulty concentrating  Irritability Muscle tension Sleep disturbances o D. Clinically significant distress or impairment
o E. Not better accounted for by another condition. 
Prevalence of GAD o Lifetime: 5.7%
o Past year: 3.1%
o Gender: Twice as common in women than men
o Ethnicity: Most common among White Americans
o Age: Most common in those 45+
Concerns about failing health Anxious about lack of control  Worried about gradual loss of meaningful functions Course of GAD o Onset More gradual onset than other anxiety disorders Some report onset in early adulthood (median age of onset
= 31) in response to life stressor
o Chronic, but has fluctuating symptoms Often worse during times of stress.  Causes of Generalized Anxiety Disorder o Biological Factors Heritability Generalized biological vulnerability to anxiety 
(particularly anxiety sensitivity)
GABA Deficiency o Psychological Factors
background image High threat sensitivity Allocation of attention more readily to sources of 
threat
Overestimate likelihood and cost of aversive 
outcomes
Underestimate ability to cope with outcomes Worry prevents: Habituation to negative emotions Consideration of coping mechanisms Contrast avoidance Constant low-level worry helps people avoid sudden 
sharp increases in negative emotions 
GAD maintained through cognitive and behavioral 
avoidance
o Social Factors Stressful life events Make individuals apprehensive and vigilant toward 
future threats
Generalized Anxiety Disorder Treatments o Biological Treatments Benzodiazepines (ex. Xanax) Short-term relief Very addictive, many side effects Antidepressants SSRIs: Paxil reduces anxiety better than 
benzodiazepines
Tricyclics: (ex. Tofranil) SNRIs: (ex. Effexor) reduce anxiety and worry o Psychological Treatments Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) Cognitive restructuring  o Self-monitor worrying
o Identify and challenge negative automatic 
thoughts Behavioral exercises o Engage in imaginal worry exposures
o Relaxation and breathing training. 
Worry time o If you can’t help but worry, then schedule a  time and place for worrying. This way it won’t 
interfere with other aspects of your life. 
Worry exposures Mindfulness/Relaxation Training

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School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Psychology
Name: Weekly notes
Description: These notes cover the powerpoint that we went over in class this week.
Uploaded: 03/10/2018
3 Pages 25 Views 20 Unlocks
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