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UGA - CHEM 1212 - Class Notes - Week 1

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UGA - CHEM 1212 - Class Notes - Week 1

School: University of Georgia
Department: OTHER
Course: Freshman Chemistry II
Professor: Suzanne Ellenberger
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Chemistry
Name: CHEM 1212 Ch. 16 Acids & Bases
Description: Week 1 of Notes
Uploaded: 03/12/2018
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School: University of Georgia
Department: OTHER
Course: Freshman Chemistry II
Professor: Suzanne Ellenberger
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Chemistry
Name: CHEM 1212 Ch. 16 Acids & Bases
Description: Week 1 of Notes
Uploaded: 03/12/2018
7 Pages 30 Views 24 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!

Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 16 ACIDS AND BASES NOTES) LEWIS acid: e pair acceptor base: e pair donor BRONSTED- LOWRY acid: H* doror base: H+ acceptor ARRHENIUS acid: H* donor base:0H donor ARRHENIUS ACID ANY substance that releases Ht fons as the ONLY positve son in the aqueous solution. a HCI H2O H3O Correenius aud) CH denon ARRHENIUS BASE KOH mo K+ + OH- Potassium hydroxide LOH' moli* , OH Lithium hydroxideBRONSTED-LOWRY ACID-BASE REACTION ACID GA + O2 + ' ACID BASE CONJUGATE CONJUGATE BASE Reactants _ Products acid: ' donor _conjugate and conyugate kare Base: H* acceptor WHICH SPECIES ARE ACTING LIKE BRONSTED LOWRY ACIDS ? HOCI aq) + H2O ( 2 0 * (as) +*FOCI cop Which species dorates an #t ? Now lack wards? HOCI donates H to H20 > H2O H30* donates H* to "OCI - HOCI ACIDS: HOCIO HBO" O WHICH SPECIES ARE ACTING LIKE BRONSTED-LOWA BASES HPO*Fon) + Nils as) + Hz Poycay) + NHs (aq) Which species accepts) an H'? Now Bockward? HPOS Accepts * from. NHS = H2PO4 NH3.accepts Hfrom N2PO4 = NH4 BASE: HROK NHB ACIDIC, BASIC, AND NEUTRAL SOLUTIONS - OH- ? H30* H20molecules and other ions are not shown. Neutral Soluton [H80*] - LoH ] Aadic Soluton Hs06] > [oH-] Basic Solution [H30*] [OH-]1.0x 10" 1.023x 18" 1.02 XY 1.02 X 104 X10" 7-6,310 e Moles of H CI added H30] * [OH-] = kw 0.00 1-0 x 10 10 x 10 0.30 9.3x10 x 10 10 0.75 11.5X104 68<10" 1.00 17x10 5.9 x 10" 1.00 3x10 H20 + H2O + H3O+ + OH KW= [HBO] x [OH-] = I 10-14 SOLUTION A is Neutral SO LUTION C is Aci dic Based on the data in this table, which, If any, of these expressions is a constants ? [H30] x [OH-] =ku AUTOIONI ZATION OF WATER O OH O H2O + H2O H30% OH SL CONCENTRATION OF IONS IN PURE H20 H2O 4) + H200 S H30* cog) + OH copy C E TX -- -- -- + +X +x --

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