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UTA - SPAN 2313 - Spanish Midterm - Study Guide

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UTA - SPAN 2313 - Spanish Midterm - Study Guide

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background image Spanish Midterm Study Guide    Past Participle 
The endings are: 
 
AR - ado 
ER/IR - ido 
 
Here are some of the irregular verbs: 
 
abrir
​ (to open) – ​abierto​ (open)  cubrir ​ (to cover) – ​cubierto​ (covered)  decir ​ (to say) – ​dicho​ (said)  escribir ​ (to write) – ​escrito​ (written)  freír ​ (to fry) – ​frito​ (fried)  hacer ​ (to do) – ​hecho​ (done)  morir ​ (to die) – ​muerto​ (dead)  poner ​ (to put) – ​puesto​ (put)  resolver ​ (to resolve) – ​resuelto​ (resolved)  romper ​ (to break) – ​roto​ (broken)  ver ​ (to see) – ​visto​ (seen)  volver ​ (to return) – ​vuelto​ (returned)   
In using the past participle, you have to use the correct tenses: 
 
Indicative
​ uses he, has, ha, hemos, and han  Subjuctive ​ uses haya, hayas, haya, hayamos, and hayan   
Make sure to match the proper endings with plurality and with the gender. 
 
Indicative Examples: 
 
Los libros abiertos -the books are both masculine and plural 
La casa fue construida - the house is feminine and singular 
 
Subjunctive Examples: 
 
Mi profesor duda que haya leido mi libro. 
Es bueno que hayamos hablado. 
 
Make sure that you are able to recognize the “WEIRDO” triggers in order to know that the 
sentence is subjunctive. 
background image  
Use of Accidental Se 
 
In class we learned a lot about the uses of “se” 
Accidental se is where the actual person is not taking the blame 
 
We learned that the person is actually the victim in the situation 
 
Se + Indirect object + verb + direct object 
 
Examples: 
 
I dropped the keys. 
Se me caen las llaves 
This means that the keys were dropped. 
 
I (accidentally) broke my glasses 
Se me rompieron mis anteojos. 
This means that my glasses were dropped. 
 
 
 
 
 
background image Subjunctive in Present Tense 
 
We all know that the subjunctive is triggered by the WEIRDO and uses que 
 
The first clause is usually the trigger clause and after “que” the verb needs to be flipped 
 
So if the first clause is “I hope that” (this is the weirdo trigger) the verb after que flips 
Example: Espero que hables espanol. 
 
So the hablar verb ending is “flipped” to the “es” ending. 
 
I hope that you speak spanish = Espero que hables espanol. 
 
Example 2: 
Dudo que leas tu libro = I doubt that you read your book. 
The verb ending on leer is flipped to the “as” ending after the que 
 
Example 3: 
Me gusta que Victor tu ayude. 
I like that Victor helps you. 
 

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School: University of Texas at Arlington
Department: Spanish
Course: Intermediate Spanish I
Professor: Rosa Barrett
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: accidental, se, uses, Of, indicative, subjunctive, past, participle, irregular, and verbs
Name: Spanish Midterm
Description: These notes cover the indicative, subjunctive,, accidental se, and the past participle as well as the irrugulars
Uploaded: 03/15/2018
12 Pages 48 Views 38 Unlocks
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