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UCLA - CHICANO 10 - CS10B Final Study Guide - Study Guide

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UCLA - CHICANO 10 - CS10B Final Study Guide - Study Guide

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background image Vocab   Neoliberalism:    is an ideology and economic model that includes the internationalization of  capital and labor, growth in international markets and global financial institutions, privatization, 
deregulation, cuts in social services, production for a global market, and free trade.  
**This relates to Chicano studies because neoliberal policies have led to many Latino workers 
being displaced in Latin America (forced migration)  
Ex: Made in LA, neoliberalism taking control of labor unions       IRCA 1986:  ​Amnesty program signed into law by Ronald Reagan (Republican) that legalized  about 2 million people who could prove they had arrived to the US before 1982.. Into law as act 
of congress which reinforced US immigration laws. 
** This relates to Chicano Studies because it required employers to attest to their employees 
immigration status, made it illegal to hire or recruit undocumented workers, and it legalized 
certain seasonal agricultural undocumented workers. 
 
Latino Threat Narrative: 
​According to Professor Chavez, the Latino Threat Narrative posits  that Latinos are not like previous immigrant groups, who ultimately become part of the nations, 
who ultimately become part of the nation.  
**It relates to Chicano Studies because it portrays Latino immigrants as a part of invading force 
from the south of the border that is bent on reconquering land that was formerly and destroying 
the American way of life. 
 
Flor Crisostomo: 
​ transnational mom who was facing deportation; politicized her motherhood to  organize for immigration; Forced to leave Mexico due to NAFTA; did not have American citizen 
child so was criticized for “unnatural motherhood” for not returning to her children in Mexico  
**This relates to Chicano/a Studies because many mothers are affected by neoliberal policies but 
immigration restrictions still restrict and criminalize them.   
2006 Mega Marches: 
​Immigration reform protests in LA in 2006.The protests began in response  to proposed legislation known as H.R. 4437, which would raise penalties for illegal immigration 
and classify undocumented immigrants and anyone who helped them enter or remain in the US 
as felons. 
** This relates to Chicano Studies because it was a turning point in Latino activism since the 
mass demonstrations showed that Latino were becoming involved politically and pushing for 
immigration reform. 
Border Industrialization Program: Mexican government allowed foreign companies to build 
assembly plants along the northern border within 100 miles of the United States (Beacon). 
**The is important because it led to the creation of maquiladoras. These places undermined the 
legal rights of workers and communities through things like low wages.  
 
background image   Race to the Bottom: ​ Is the constant search for cheaper and cheaper labor which drives wages  down. 
**This relates to Chicano Studies because it demostrates why the exploitation of people of color 
occurs  
Free Trade: 
​elimination of tariffs  Ex: us/mexico deplorable & NAFTA   ** This relates to Chicano Studies because it explains why forced migration was forced by these 
implemented policies  
H.R. 4437:
​(also known as the Sensenbrenner Bill) this bill called for severely increasing border  control and interior immigration enforcement measures.  
**This relates to Chicano studies because this bill sought to change the penalty from civil to 
federal crime for being undocumented. It would also mean that undocumented workers would 
have fewer rights and less access to benefits making it cheaper and more profitable to employers 
(Beacon). 
Globalization:
  refers to the expansion of economies beyond national borders, in particular, the  expansion of production by transnational corporations to many countries around the world.  
**This relates to Chicano studies because globalization is the cause for maquilas which allow 
foreign-owned assembly or export processing factory that benefits from entitlements such as 
paying no taxes ot custom fees to the host country and relaxed regulation. 
 
Politicized Motherhood/Family(Pallares) : 
​A political strategy that uses motherhood as a  means of legitimizing a legal status; serves as a symbol of resistance through the idea that family 
comes before the law 
  NAFTA(Beacon reading):  ​ North American free trade agreement;Opened the doors for big  businesses but kept immigrants out; Provided tax breaks that allowed companies to take their 
business to other nations and pay for cheaper labor and then export the finished products without 
having to pay high fees 
** This relates to chicano studies because according to Beacon NAFTA played a significant role 
in immigration policy like IRCA. It also created border factories and expanded privatization. 
 
Proposition 187:
​ proposition presented in the state of California that would have denied  undocumented immigrants a range of public benefits, including education and nonemergency 
healthcare (Beacon).  
**This relates to Chicano studies because it also would have made school administrators, 
healthcare workers, social service personnel, police, and other state employees responsible for 
determining the residence status and reporting it to Immigration and Customs Enforcement. 
(Pallares) 
background image  
Elvira Arellano: 
​Mexican undocumented worker, sought refuge in Adalberto Methodist Union  Church when facing deportation.  She claimed the importance of motherhood and discussed her 
right to stay with her citizen son, received a lot of media attention 
>> her actions were seen as both conventional and radical: conventional because it showed how 
undocumented person was not alone and radical because never before had her actions been seen 
>> was in charge of the anti-deportation campaign (the LFLU)  
**
​This relates to Chicano/a Studies because it shows how the “worthiness quest” is much more  difficult for single mothers like Elvira that may break the law in order to earn a living since a 
good candidate for citizenship does not break the law and are part of a heteronormative family.  
**Also related to Chicano Studies because her personal experience is a narrative that 
demonstrates what it is like to live within the US with different identities (mixed family status). 
Structural adjustment policies:
​ One-size-fits-all formula for development that the World Bank  and the IMF imposed on Latin American countries around 1980.  
** This relates to chicano studies because it proposed deep cuts in government spending which 
left many without basic social service in in towns (Beacon). 
    
Circular Migration: 
​repeated migration between country of origin and destination, often for  employment reasons U.S. interventions in Central American wars led to people’s migration to 
the U.S.; 
 
 
Re-traumatization: 
​ forcing victims or survivors to relive their trauma but also humanizing  them in new ways (abrego): follows them across borders 
**This relates to Chicano/a Studies because those seeking political asylum, for example, are 
offered help in exchange of a recount of their traumatizing experiences of rape, suffering, war, 
etc. in their home countries but, in the end, are still denied help.  
 
Maya Diaspora: 
​Organized through an Indigenous collectivity in diaspora that crosses multiple  borders; La comunidad Ixim founded 2010, collective of first and second generation young adult 
Mayan and Guatemalan.  
**This relates to Chicano/a Studies because it challenges colonial regimes of power as it moves 
with migrants and document Mayan epistemologies. 
Critical Latinx Indigeneities: 
​ A framework that makes visible the transborder social, political,  cultural experiences of migrants and diasporic indigenous generation from Latin America while 
at the same time problematizing their racialization as latina/o and or hispanic in the U.S. As well, 
CLI considers and complicates the latinx indigenaties positions and complex relationships as 
“arrivants”/ “settlers” in other native people’s lands.   

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School: University of California - Los Angeles
Department: Chicana and Chicano Studies
Course: Introduction to Chicana/CHICANO Studies: Social Structure and Contemporary Conditions
Professor: L.j. Abrego
Term: Winter 2016
Tags:
Name: CS10B Final Study Guide
Description: Vocab needed for the final
Uploaded: 03/18/2018
7 Pages 38 Views 30 Unlocks
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