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CSU - PSY 320 - Class Notes - Week 10

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CSU - PSY 320 - Class Notes - Week 10

School: Colorado State University
Department: Psychology
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Martha Amberg
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: abnormal and psych
Name: PSY 320 Weeks 1-10
Description: Cover what is over first exam
Uploaded: 03/19/2018
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background image Abnormal Psych Notes 2 
 
2/09 
Chapter 5 
Fight-Flight-Freeze Response 
•  Physical and psychological responses  1.  Fight a threat or flee    •  Activates 2 Systems  1.  Sympathetic nervous system  §   Uses nerve pathways to initiate reactions  §   Release of norepinephrine  •  Neurotransmitter responsible for vigilant concentration  2.  Adrenal-cortical system  §   Uses blood stream to initiate reactions  §   Corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF)  •  Activates the Adrenal cortical system  §   Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)  •  Increased production and release of cortisol  Posttraumatic Stress Disorder  https://maketheconnection.net/stories-of-connection?conditions=1   A.  Exposure (At least 1)  •  Direct or Indirect  B.  Intrusive symptoms (1 or more)  •  Dreams, flashbacks, memories, reactions to cues  C.  Persistent avoidance (one or both)  •  Memories and physical  D.  Negative changes in thought and mood associated with event 
E.  Changes in arousal and reactivity (2 or more) 
•  Irritability, hypervigilance, startle response, sleep 
background image F.  Duration of at least 1 month 
G.  Significant distress or impairment in social life of occupation 
H.  Not due to physiological effect, substance or other medical condition 
Common Causes of PTSD:  •  War  •  Natural disasters  •  Car or plane crashes  •  Terrorist attacks  •  Sudden death of a loved one  •  Rape (most common)  •  Kidnapping 
•  Assault 
•  Sexual or physical abuse  •  Childhood neglect  Theories of PTSD  •  Environment and social factors  o  Severity and duration 
o  Proximity to trauma 
o  Social support available 
•  Psychological factors  o  Pre-existing conditions 
o  Coping strategies 
•  Gender and cross-cultural differences  o  Women more prone 
o  African Americans higher rates 
Theories of PTSD: Biological Factors  •  Neuroimaging findings – Brains of people with PTSD more reactive to emotional stimuli  •  Biochemical findings  o  Exaggerated physiological responses to stress 
o  Exposure to extreme or chronic stress during childhood 
•  Genetics  o  Vulnerability to PTSD can be inherited  Treatments for PTSD  •  Cognitive-behavioral therapy and stress management  o  Exposure therapy  §   Systematic desensitization—associate pleasant relaxed state with anxiety  triggering stimuli  o  Cognitive restructuring  §   Make sense of bad memories  §   Sometime memory differs from event  o  Stress-inoculation therapy: Therapists teach clients skills for overcoming  problems that:  §   Increase stress  §   Result from PTSD  •  Biological therapies 
background image o  Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)  §   Prozac, Zoloft  o  Benzodiazepines  §   Xanax  Other Trauma Related Disorders  •  Acute Stress Disorder: occurs with traumas similar to PTSD  o  Last no longer than 4 weeks  •  Adjustment disorder: emotional and behavioral symptoms arise within three weeks  Common Phobias  •  Arachnophobia—fear of spiders  o  4 times as common in women  •  Ophidiophobia—fear of snakes  •  Acrophobia—fear of heights  o  5% of the general population  •  Agoraphobia—fear of open or crowded spaces  o  Often won’t leave home  •  Cynophobia—fear of dogs 
•  Astraphobia—fear of thunder/lightning 
•  Claustrophobia—fear of small spaces  •  Mysophobia—fear of germs  •  Aerophobia—fear of flying  o  25 million Americans  •  Trypophobia—fear of holes  Phobias  •  Unreasonable or irrational fears of specific objects or situations  •  DSM 5 Criteria  Specific Phobias  •  Categories according to DSM-5  o  Animal type  §   Snake and spiders  o  Natural environment type  §   Heights  o  Situational type  §   Claustrophobia  o  Blood-injection-injury type  Theories of Phobias  •  Behavioral  o  Negative reinforcement: anxiety reduced by avoidance 
o  Classical conditioning: conditioning to certain objects or situations 
§   Little Albert  •  Biological  o  Related people share phobias  Treatment of Phobias  •  Behavioral treatments  o  Exposure to extinguish fear 

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School: Colorado State University
Department: Psychology
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Martha Amberg
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: abnormal and psych
Name: PSY 320 Weeks 1-10
Description: Cover what is over first exam
Uploaded: 03/19/2018
11 Pages 39 Views 31 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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