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UA - For 1113 - Class Notes - Week 7

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UA - For 1113 - Class Notes - Week 7

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background image WLIT 1113H Notes The Frogs Characters:
X = Xanthias – Dionysus’ long-suffering slave
D = Dionysus
E = Euripides – recently deceased tragedy playwright
A = Aeschylus – long dead tragedy playwright, best poet in the underworld
Heracles = aka Hercules, half-brother of Dionysus 
Pluto = aka Hades, god of the underworld
Author: Aristophanes  - Comedic playwright “old comedy,” recreated life in Athens convincingly Background - Won competition 405 BCE/end of Peloponnesian war
- Themes: poor state of tragedy, old ways good and new ways are bad
- Political commentary:
o “feast of Diomeia” – reminder of the war
o Strongly anti-Kleophon (political leader of the time)
o Naval battle of Arginusae 
Dionysus - God of wine, theatre, and religious ecstasy 
- Also referred to Bacchus 
Choruses: serve as narration for story  - Frogs
- Initiates 
Comedic Style - Address the audience
- Sexual innuendo 
- Irony
- Toilet humor
- Mocking and teasing (satire)
Distinctive Characteristics - Political satire
- Parody of the sacred
- Everyone/everything subject to ridicule 
- Addressed contemporary events (focus on real people and local issues)
background image - Boat Ride o X: walks – slave, still alive, make Dionysus look bad
o D: rows (badly) – frogs show up to make Dionysus look stupid. 
This is where the name of the play comes from  - Aeacus (judge of the underworld and determines where one’s soul  goes/angry) o D: dressed as Heracles – gets blamed for what Heracles did (still  Aeacus’ dog) and gets yelled at. Then he pisses/soils himself o X: screws and teases Dionysus. Provides comedic relief - Heracles Trade o D: anytime he wears Heracles outfit, something bad happens
o X: anytime he wears Heracles outfit, something good happens
Torture contest: have to prove which one is the real god. 
They are whipped
D: can feel pain “defective” X: pretends not to feel it  - Xanthias and Servant o Explain what’s going on – poets want the throne next to Pluto 
o A and E (trying to usurp A) are going to battle
- Poetry Trial – winner gets to go back to the city  o D: judge of contest – this is to redeem his character Important to have last word – superior/perceived as winner Arguing – offer up prayers to begin  Used against the poets Characters in the play o A: uses traditional heroes and inspire  good/morals o E: uses average, normal people (speaks to  audience) Prologue (oil jug)  o E: “prologue…” aka opening quote/line
o A: “… lost his little oil jug”
Shows simplicity of plot/mundane weight of their phrases o E: tangible objects – ship, iron club and  persuasion o A: river, Death, chariot on chariot/corpse on  corpse Advice: best advice for the city will win the trial E: wings, fly over sea, pour vinegar in sea fight A: defends Athenian policy of putting faith in navy  o Last word: E can’t sit on the throne, Sophocles  (knew his place was 2 nd ) gets the throne

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School: University of Arkansas
Department: Foreign Language
Course: World Literature 1
Professor: R. Madison
Term: Summer 2015
Name: WLIT Notes - The Frogs
Description: These notes cover background information about the play and goes through the explaining the story based on the discussion had in class
Uploaded: 03/19/2018
3 Pages 37 Views 29 Unlocks
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