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GSU / Political Science / POLS 1101 / What does the supreme court say about guns?

What does the supreme court say about guns?

What does the supreme court say about guns?


School: Georgia State University
Department: Political Science
Course: Introduction to American Government
Term: Fall 2017
Tags: american and Government
Cost: 50
Name: exam 2 American government
Description: study guide review from class
Uploaded: 03/20/2018
4 Pages 140 Views 3 Unlocks

Study Guide Exam 2 ­American Government (Chapters 5­9) 

What does the supreme court say about guns?

1) Civil liberties—definition and distinction from civil rights

∙ Civil liberties are defined as freedom from the government 

∙ They put limits on what gov. can do but they are not absolute rights. 2) Incorporation—why bill of rights applies to states?

∙ Bill of rights only applied to the federal government before civil war, states could do things that violated the first amendment.  We also discuss several other topics like What is s.w.o.t. analysis?

∙ Now via due process clause of 14th amendment, the bill of rights applies to states.  3) Free speech limitations and protections—what are they? 

∙ Only government has constitutional obligation to not interfere w/ freedom of speech  ∙ Only protected under that certain branch 

How is private discrimination ended? differences between private and public discrimination?

If you want to learn more check out Fetal brain activity can be measured using what?
Don't forget about the age old question of Who is elizabeth cady stanton?

∙ Ex: If the owner of a restaurant comes over and ask you to lower your voice, you can’t  say he or she is taking away your right to freedom of speech because the government is  not inferring with your freedom of speech.

4) 2nd amendment: What does the Supreme Court say about guns?

∙ “as well­regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the  people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.” 

∙ U.S. Supreme Court declared in 2008 that the second amendment protects a person’s  rights to own firearm for self­defense within homes.

5) Exclusionary Rule—what is it, what’s the controversy surrounding its application? ∙ Not constitutional if protections aren’t applied protects against probable cause,  unreasonable government searches.

Free speech limitations and protections—what are they?

We also discuss several other topics like How porous are membranes?

∙ Exceptions 

o Lawful arrest

o Exigent circumstances

o Plain view

o Automobile exception 

∙ Controversial because intention of officer and seriousness of crime must be known, and  police still illegally search people although rule is in place

6) 5th Amendment rights­ Miranda v Arizona and Baron v Baltimore 

∙ Criminal justice amendment 

∙ Have to be aware of your rights

∙ Police must respect the rights of suspect to remain silent 

∙ Miranda v Arizona  We also discuss several other topics like Which step of the job enrichment process entails forming a team and making the team responsible for the work?
Don't forget about the age old question of Approximately earth-sized and contain how many granules?

o Written confession of rape and kidnapping but wasn’t notified of his rights first ∙ Baron v Baltimore

o Bill of rights only apply to federal government

7) 6th amendment—Gideon v Wainwright

∙ Provides six different rights pertaining to criminal trials

o Speedy trial

o Impartial jury

o Be informed of the nature and cause of accusation

o Confronted with witnesses against him

o Able to obtain witnesses in his favor 

o To have assistance of counsel for his defense 

∙ Gideon v Wainwright 

o Convicted of stealing from a pool hall asked to be provided with a lawyer  because he couldn’t afford one, judge rejected this, wrote to appeal during his  sentence and the supreme court overturned his conviction, because everyone  should be provided with an attorney if cannot afford one.

8) Same­sex marriage, abortion—where do these rights come from?

∙ Can only be banned if sufficient justification to do so, there isn’t. (scotus) ∙ 14th amendment protects marriage rights 

∙ Abortion rights came from roe v wade

9) How is private discrimination ended? Differences between private and public  discrimination? 

∙ •Civil Rights Act of 1875

o SCOTUS unconstitutional

o  cannot regulate private discrimination in places of public accommodation o  no access to mainstream society—jobs, consumer goods, travel, leisure ∙ •Jim Crow Laws

o you have equal protection (14th amendment)

o  but separate status as citizens—everything separates in public/govt. sphere. 

10) Separate but equal—what is this, how was it ended?

∙ Jim Crow laws stated that you have equal protection but separate status as citizens,  everything separate in public 

∙ Plessy v Ferguson upheld separate but equal 

∙ Brown v BOE­ separate is inherently unequal 

∙ NAACP went after graduate schools to begin defeating separate but equal 11) Affirmative action—book definition

∙ The policies by which government agencies move to remedy past discrimination by assuring  inclusion of under­represented groups (especially women and racial minorities) through the  use of goals, quotas, and timetables.

12) Voting Rights Act of 1965

∙ Voting Rights Act of 1965—stops cracking and packing; and allows for non­English ballots 13) Equal Rights Amendment

14) Legal definition of sexual harassment from Supreme Court of United States ∙ Reasonable person would find hostile or abusive­ no heed to prove serious psychological  damage 

∙ Teresa Harris Case

15) What is needed for a survey to be considered accurate? —Things to consider…? ∙ Consider bias 

∙ Consider which survey would be best for situation 

16) Who votes the most and least? ­­­By income, education, race, etcetera… ∙ Elite?

17) Values?

∙ Basic sets of feelings about what ought to be and how people ought to behave 

18) Beliefs?

∙ Propositions about what is true or false. 

19) Validity?

∙ A property of a good measurement in which the indicator is measuring what it should be  measuring 

20) Reliability?

∙ An indicator that returns the same response if it were conducted again

21) Priming? 

∙ A potential problem in surveys in which a previous question can influence the response to a  future question

22) Social Desirability Bias?

∙ A bias that occurs when a question is framed or phrased so that it seems to imply that a  particular answer is preferred 

23) Systematic vs Random sampling

∙ A sampling plan in which every third, fourth, fifth, or whatever member of the sampling  frame is selected

∙ Random sampling­ sample in which each person within the sampling frame has an equal  chance pf being selected 

24) Block versus Categorical grants?

∙ Block grants give states or local government more freedom in deciding how to spend the  money whereas categorical grants have strict guidelines on how to spend the money  25) Hobby Lobby case from book

∙ Hobby Lobby—contraceptives not covered as Hobby Lobby employee, very controversial as  well—business owner’s religious beliefs win the day

26) Supremacy Clause

∙ A provision in the U.S. Constitution that declares the U.S, Constitution to be the supreme law of the land 

27) Reconstruction amendments

∙ 13th – ended slavery

∙ 14­ Naturalization 

∙ 15th­ voting rights

28) Searches by police—know your rights—consult book.

∙ Must have probable cause 

29) 14th amendment—due process versus equal protection

∙ Naturalization 

∙ Dred Scott case­, you are born here then you are a citizen

∙  equal protection under law

∙  due process for states to comply

30) Why are people apathetic about participating in politics? Is this good or bad? WHAT TO NOT WORRY ABOUT: 

1) Nothing specific about any court case will be asked. For example, you do not need to know  the name of the pool hall that Gideon was accused of breaking into or any other different  tidbits of information that are not directly relevant to American government

2) Nothing specific about any social movement from the book will be asked on the exam either —CHAPTER 8 Section 5 

3) Nothing specific about any era in American federalism—just know what federalism is and  how it works in American government

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