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UA - HDFS 202 - Exam 2 Study Guide - Study Guide

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UA - HDFS 202 - Exam 2 Study Guide - Study Guide

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background image HD 202 Children give you unconditional love, elevates you to more mature 
status, have someone to take care of you later, carries on family 
Some people do not want to be tied down, costly ($200,000 from birth-
18 years), balance work & raising a family, losing time with your 
partner, loss of privacy, fear the worst
In families with less children kids have higher IQ (chart depicted), but 
may just be SES effect as shown when they redid analysis 
o Family size and birth order has little impact on IQ in reality Having just one child helps with career/family balance, less costly, no 
competing for parents’ attention, more resources, close relationship to 
parents, worry about losing only child or doing it wrong, miss out on 
experience of having a sibling
In the 70s women had more children and had children younger o Women in labor force, affordable universal childcare policy
o 70% of children under 5 are cared for by someone other than 
their mother sperm live about 6 days, egg dies after 24 hours shock of mother’s movement absorbed by amniotic fluid & controls 
o chorion surrounds amnion
o placenta has vein that feeds baby and arteries that take away 
waste o umbilical cord can be up to 3ft stress makes us act o cortisol: stress hormone, can create negative environment for  baby, stress can change structures of brain o prenatal care delayed due to financial hardship
o situational/personal barriers
ex. Teenager or don’t want to be touched or don’t want to 
share personal life with doctor
most doctors white males, uncomfortable o benefits of pregnancy support groups in prenatal clinics,  pregnancy goes better with social support, saves time, cost 
neo-natal period: first month of life, birth period o Labor means hard work! Placenta starts to release CRH late in labor, stimulates fetal
stress response (cortisol levels), if released too early = 
preterm birth
background image Starts uterus contractions, often experience false 
labor 3-4 weeks before baby, uterus practicing, some
contractions but not yet ready
o Lightening = baby’s head drops into uterus &  softens cervix (a couple of weeks before birth), 
“the bloody show” = mucus plug sealing cervix
that goes away and releases red discharge 
right before labor
Stage 1: longest, can last 12-20hr for 1 st  time mother, 4-6 for others o Uterus contracts forcefully, feels like painful menstrual cramp,  peaks and then declines, starts slow and gets faster Eventually very little time between contractions, can take 
about 14 hours, when cervix has opened 10cm (5 fingers) 
then you can push
Stage 2: baby born, no break between contractions, natural urge to 
squeeze and push baby out
o Lasts 20-50 min, crowning = baby’s head visible, sometimes  need to make incision into vaginal wall = episiotomy= most 
common medical procedure performed on women, umbilical cord
still attached, baby cries with air = healthy
Stage 3: delivery of placenta, looks like big raw piece of meat, takes 5-
20 mins, press on stomach and delivered vaginally, important to 
prevent infection
1 min to 5 min after birth APGAR test o 7 or higher is fine, max 10, 4-6 means baby requires assistance,  3 or below is serious danger o babies can live for 10 min without oxygen
o before 1800s, most women had babies at home
~1930s, hospital births some tribes invite entire village to witness birth, 
sometimes people go off on their own or in a lake to give 
birth then keep working, very natural
pain goes away immediately after birth doula = less risk of c-section, less pain, less expensive o other parts of the world use midwives, 20 states illegal because  they say it’s not safe o birthing stool at home, natural childbirth, gravity as an  advantage, only on hospital bed for convenience  o water birth = float out, shorter labor and less pain
o few US mothers deliver at home
sensors on abs to get fetal heart rate, helps decide emergency c-
o analgesics – milder form of pain meds
o anesthetics – block sensations, epidural, delivered continuously, 
blocks pain from waist down

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School: University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa
Department: Human Development
Course: Human Development Infant and Toddler
Professor: Hernandez-Reif
Term: Spring 2015
Tags: HDFS
Name: Exam 2 Study Guide
Description: These notes cover what is said in class.
Uploaded: 03/20/2018
6 Pages 60 Views 48 Unlocks
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