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CSU - CHEM 111 - Class Notes - Chem notes wednesday march 21

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CSU - CHEM 111 - Class Notes - Chem notes wednesday march 21

School: Colorado State University
Department: Chemistry
Course: General Chemistry I
Professor: Ruth Tucker
Term: Summer 2016
Tags: Chemistry
Name: Chem notes wednesday march 21
Description: hybridization
Uploaded: 03/22/2018
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background image Wednesday March 21, 2018 
Hybrid atomic orbital: 
hybridization 
​- process of combining the wave functions for atomic orbitals(new orbitals are  hybrid orbitals)  ● Tetrahedral bond angle =109.5  Important for hybridization   1. Hybrid orbital do not exist in isolated atoms. They are formed  ​only i​n ​covalently bonded  atoms.  2. Hybrid orbitals have shapes and orientations that are very different from those of the  atomic orbitals in isolated atoms   3. A set of hybrid orbitals is generated by combining atomic orbitals. The number of hybrid  orbitals in a set is equal to the number of atomic orbitals that were combined to produce 
the set  
4. All orbitals in a set of hybrid orbitals are equivalent i shape and energy  
5. The type of hybrid orbitals formed in a bonded atom depends on its electron- pair 
geometry as predicted by the VSEPR theory.   6. Hybrid orbitals overlap to form sigma bonded, unhybridized orbitals overlap to form pi  bonds    Sp  linear  Sp^2   Trigonal planar   Sp^3   tetrahedral  Sp^3d^2  Octahedral   SP^3 d  Trigonal bipyramidal    
Hybridization
​ only involves sigma bonds, lone pairs of electrons and single unpaired electrons   
Unhybridized
​ p orbital for Pi bonds    

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School: Colorado State University
Department: Chemistry
Course: General Chemistry I
Professor: Ruth Tucker
Term: Summer 2016
Tags: Chemistry
Name: Chem notes wednesday march 21
Description: hybridization
Uploaded: 03/22/2018
1 Pages 37 Views 29 Unlocks
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  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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