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FSU - CLP 4143 - Study guide Exam 3 - Study Guide

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FSU - CLP 4143 - Study guide Exam 3 - Study Guide

School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Psychology
Name: Study guide Exam 3
Description: Here's is the Study Guide for exam 3
Uploaded: 03/25/2018
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background image Study Guide Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia Describe, compare, and contrast the criteria for a panic attack,
panic disorder, and agoraphobia
o Panic Attack Abrupt surge of intense fear/discomfort and 4+ of the 
following physical symptoms
Hear racing/pounding, Sweating, Trembling/shaking, 
Shortness of breath or feeling smothered, Feelings of 
choking, Chest pain/pressure, Nausea/abdominal pain, 
Dizziness/light-headedness, Chills/hot flashes, 
Numbness/tingling, De-realization or depersonalization, 
Fear of losing control or “going crazy”, Fear of dying
o Panic Disorder A. Recurrent unexpected panic attacks B. At least one attack followed by at least one month of: Persistent concern about having another attack or 
the consequences of attacks. 
A significant change in behavior related to the 
attacks. 
C. Disturbance not attributed to physiological effects of a 
substance or another medical condition
D. Disturbance not better explained by another 
psychopathology. 
o Agoraphobia A. Marked fear or anxiety about 2+ situations where: Escape may be difficult Help may be unavailable  o (ex. Public transportation, open spaces,  enclosed spaces, crowds/lines, being alone 
outside)
B. Situations almost always provoke fear/anxiety C. Situations actively avoided/endured with intense anxiety D. Fear/anxiety is out of proportion to situation E. Lasts for six or more months F. Clinically significant distress or impairment G. Not better accounted for by another condition Describe the prevalence and course of panic disorder and 
agoraphobia
o Panic Disorder Lifetime Panic Attack: 22.7% Panic Disorder: 4.7%
background image Past 12 months: Panic Attack: 11.2% Panic Disorder: 2.7% Gender: More common among women (2/3) Ethnicity Highest among white Americans  Lowest among Asian Americans Course of Panic Disorder Onset: Typically, between ages 20-24 Very responsive to psychological treatment o Agoraphobia Prevalence of Agoraphobia Lifetime: 2.8% o 50% of those with agoraphobia have history of  panic attacks Past 12 months: 0.8% Gender: 75%+ are women Course of Agoraphobia Onset o Typically, in early 20s/young adulthood
o Often have panic disorder first
Chronic and persistent course  Discuss how the biopsychosocial model applies to panic 
disorder and agoraphobia
o Biological Factors Inherited neurobiological vulnerability Tendency to be biologically overactive in response to 
stress
Prominent emergency alarm reaction Vulnerability leads to unexpected panic attacks o Psychological Factors Learning Associate external cues/internal sensations with 
panic
Cognitive Processes Interpret normal physical sensations as 
dangerous/catastrophic
Describe common treatment approaches o Biological Treatments Benzodiazepines Most widely used, work quickly, but can be addictive Selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) Most strongly recommended
background image Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) o Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) Challenge negative thoughts “is this situation actually dangerous?” “What else could these sensations mean?” Behavioral exercises Engage in avoided behaviors and situations Practice coping with panic sensations o Panic Control Treatment (PCT) Exposure to interoceptive physical sensations Addresses attitudes and perceptions regarding physical 
sensations
Relaxation and breathing training.  Specific Phobia Describe the key features of specific phobia o A. Marked fear or anxiety about a specific object/situation
o B. Object or situation almost always provokes immediate fear or 
anxiety o C. Object or situation is actively avoided or endured with intense  fear/anxiety o D. Fear or anxiety is out of proportion to the actual danger
o E. Lasts for 6+ months
o F. Clinically significant distress or impairment
o G. Not better accounted for by another condition
Name the four types of specific phobias o Animals Arachnophobia: fear of spiders Cynophobia: fear of dogs Ophidiophobia: fear of snakes o Natural Environment Acrophobia: fear of heights Astraphobia: fear of thunderstorms Nyctophobia: fear of the dark o Blood-Injection-Injury (drop in blood pressure – fainting response) Hemophobia: fear of blood Trypanophobia: fear of injections Traumatophobia: fear of injury o Situational Aerophobia: fear of airplanes Vehophobia: fear of driving Claustrophobia: fear of tight spaces
background image Describe the prevalence and course of specific phobias o Prevalence of Specific Phobias Lifetime: 12.5% Past year: 8.7% Gender: 4 times more common in women than men  Age: Less common in older age Ethnicity: Hispanics 2x more likely than non-Hispanic White
Americans
o Course of Specific Phobias Onset: Most common during childhood (7 years old) Chronic course = tends to be lifelong Most do not seek treatment Discuss how the biopsychosocial model applies to specific 
phobias
o Biological Factors Heritability 31% of first degree relatives of someone with phobia 
also have a phobia
Relatives tend to have identical types of phobias Unclear whether influence is generic through 
modeling specific fears
Phobias also seem to have an evolutionary basis Snakes, heights, water, thunderstorms o Psychological Factors Direct experience Experiencing a false alarm Observing someone else’s intense fears  Being told about danger Vulnerability + Stress = Phobia o Social Factors Acceptability of certain phobias Describe common treatment approaches o Specific Phobia Treatments Exposure Therapy Patient is gradually exposed to the stimulus o Psychological Treatments Exposure Therapy for Blood-Injection-Injury Phobia Can’t do an exposure if someone faints and is 
unconscious 
Need to tense muscle groups to keep blood pressure 
up

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School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Psychology
Name: Study guide Exam 3
Description: Here's is the Study Guide for exam 3
Uploaded: 03/25/2018
14 Pages 44 Views 35 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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