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FIU - PSY 2012 - Class Notes - Week 12

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FIU - PSY 2012 - Class Notes - Week 12

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background image Psychological Disorders   1. What is a psychological disorder?    
- a set of behavioral, emotional, and cognitive symptoms that are significantly 
distressing in terms of social functioning, work endeavors, and other aspects of life. 
 
2. How do psychologists and other mental health professionals determine if a behavior is  abnormal? Differentiate between the  
 
three typical criteria: Dysfunction, distress, deviance.  
 
Dysfunction: Degree to which behavior interferes with daily life and relationship 
 
Distress: Degree to which behavior or emotions cause an individual to feel upset or 
uncomfortable 
 
Deviance: Degree to which behavior is considered outside the standards or rules of 
society 
 
 
3. Why do we need to be mindful of culture when discussion abnormality?   
- culture plays an important role in determining how symptoms are interpreted.  
 
4. What does it mean to be insane?   
- A legal determination of the degree to which a person is responsible for criminal 
behaviors. 
 
5. What is the DSM-5 and it’s benefits and limitations?    
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, designed to help ensure 
accurate and consistent diagnoses based on the observation of symptoms.  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
background image 6. What causes Psychological Disorders? Know the medical, psychological,  sociocultural, and biopsychosocial perspectives.  
 
Some theories propose that cognitive factors or personality characteristics contribute 
to the development and maintenance of disorders. Social factors, like poverty and 
community support systems, can also play a role in the development and course of 
these conditions. Some disorders appear to have a genetic basis, but their symptoms 
may not be evident until social or psychological factors come into play. 
 
 
7. Differentiate between the Anxiety disorders and know their causes:    
Panic Disorder: panic attacks that are unexpected and there is no apparent cue or 
trigger 
 
Specific Phobias: Anxiety about, or fear of, a specific object or situation 
 
Agoraphobia: Anxiety or fear regarding using public transportation; being in open 
spaces; being in enclosed places; standing in line or being in a crowd; or being outside 
of the home. 
 
Social Anxiety Disorder: Anxiety about, or fear of being in, a social situation 
 
Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Anxiety and worry that are out of proportion to the 
actual event or situation 
 
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: mental disorder where people feel the need to check 
things repeatedly, perform certain routines repeatedly, or have certain thoughts 
repeatedly. 
 
 
8. What is a major depressive episode?   
A mental health disorder characterized by persistently depressed mood or loss of 
interest in activities, causing significant impairment in daily life. 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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School: Florida International University
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Psych
Term: Fall 2017
Tags: Psychology, Intro to Psychology, and disorders
Name: Chapter 13
Description: guiding questions answered ``
Uploaded: 03/26/2018
5 Pages 28 Views 22 Unlocks
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