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EKU - MUS 171 - Class Notes - Week 8

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EKU - MUS 171 - Class Notes - Week 8

School: Eastern Kentucky University
Department: Music
Course: Music Appreciation
Professor: James Willett
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: MUH171
Name: MUH Notes
Description: The Renaissance Notes
Uploaded: 03/26/2018
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background image The Renaissance Ca. 1425 – 1600 The Renaissance Recovery of knowledge lost during the Middle Ages Humanism: movement that explored human interests and values 
through science, philosophy, and the arts
Renaissance composers united words and music more than ever before Music for Catholics and Protestants  Martin Luther began Reformation in Wittenberg, 1517 Monarchs determined faith and politics of their realm Protestant composers wrote liturgical music is languages other than 
Latin
Catholic composers wrote music to inspire the faithful Music of Growing Markets First contact with “New World” in fifteenth century  Demand for music and the arts grew  Ideal “Renaissance man” cultivated knowledge in full range of arts and
sciences
Castiglione’s The Book of the Courtier recommended learning to sing 
and play and instrument
A New Sense of Individuality Growing confidence in human reason and distinctiveness of individuals Medieval drama tended toward allegory Renaissance drama emphasized lifelike characters  Renaissance composers captured human emotions Information Technology 2.0 Invention of moveable metal type around 1450 changed the way 
information was transmitted
Print allowed information to spread quickly and cheaply Some composers achieved international renown, even as publishers  By 1500, printing was a major enterprise throughout Europe 6.) Josquin des Prez / “The Cricket” Listen to This First 
background image Texture Listen for four distinct voices 
(polyphonic).
Listen for passages in which 
voices sign in the same or 
different rhythms.
Word-Music Relationships Listen for examples of word 
painting
, in which the sound 
of a cricket is imitated.
Form Listen for the return of the 
opening section.
Listen for the contrast between
the middle and outer sections
“The Cricket” Composed: ca. 1500 Words and music enhance one another  Josquin wrote music as humorous as the text Written to be played by any combination of voices and instruments Renaissance songs seem more contemporary than music from the 
Middle Ages
Texture: Polyphony in Four Voices Four equal parts: soprano (highest), alto, tenor, bass (lowest) Polyphony (equal-voice texture) is norm for Renaissance music Counterpoint governed how multiple melodies sound good when 
played together
Technique learned by writing new melodies against an existing one Word Painting: Music Imitates Text In word painting, music “illustrates” the meaning of a word or phrase Examples in “The Cricket”: o Long notes for cricket’s ability to “hold a long line”
o Chirping, hiccupping sounds for “drinking”
o Passionate, intense melisma for “love”
Ternary Form Form of music follows form of text Two broad sections in “The Cricket” o Cricket can hold a long note and sing of drinking
o Cricket is different from birds, which also sing
background image Each section receives distinctive music Opening section is repeated at end 7.) Thomas Weelkes / “Since Robin Hood” Listen to This First Texture Listen for the three distinct voices 
(polyphonic)
Rhythm Listen for the shift from duple to 
triple meter in the middle of the 
piece.
Word-Music Relationships Listen to the descriptive nature of 
the music with words such as “to 
skip” and “trip it.”
“Since Robin Hood” Composed: 1608 Madrigal: musical setting of a text in a single strophe (stanza)  About an actual event in 1599 William Kemp danced from London to Norwich (140 miles) in nine days Features stock characters: Robin Hood, Maid Marian, Little John, hobby 
gorse
Polyphony in Three Voices Polyphony typical of Renaissance madrigal All three voices move in same rhythm Declamatory style makes text easier to hear Uppermost voice uses a melody familiar to Shakespeare’s 
contemporaries
Poetic Rhythm in Music Rhythm of music matches the poetry Lambic pattern: short-LONG Trochaic pattern; LONG-short Syncopation illustrates “to skip” in third section 1 st  Section Iambic Duple meter 2 nd  Section Trochaic Triple meter 3 rd  Section Trochaic Duple meter

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School: Eastern Kentucky University
Department: Music
Course: Music Appreciation
Professor: James Willett
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: MUH171
Name: MUH Notes
Description: The Renaissance Notes
Uploaded: 03/26/2018
7 Pages 32 Views 25 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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