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EKU - MUS 171 - Class Notes - Week 10

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EKU - MUS 171 - Class Notes - Week 10

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background image The Classical Era 1750-1800 The Classical Era Classical ideals of balance, clarity, naturalness Enlightenment emphasized reason and science First music to thrive long after its time Music more tuneful and balanced, less complicated Symmetrical phrasing and homophony predominated Music as Language of the Heart  String quartet symbolized rational conversation Melodies use balanced phrases Parallels to language raised music’s prestige String quartet, symphony, and concerto emerged as preferred genres Music and Revolution Discontent with established social order French and American Revolutions encapsulated Enlightenment ideals “Marseilles” and “Chester” were unofficial anthems in France and the 
United States 
Mozart’s Operas show changing relationship between classes Music and the New Economy Industrial Revolution changed everyday life Technology increased economic production Growing cities created demand of culture  Public theaters and concert halls flourished Haydn and Mozart succeeded outside church and royal courts The Art of the Natural Artists looked to nature as model Composers’ study allowed more direct expression Melodies became less ornate Textures tended toward homophony More realistic opera plots and characters (Mozart and opera buffa) 19.) Joseph Haydn / String Quartet in C major, op. 76, no. 3 second 
movement 
background image Listen to this First Timbre Listen to how the sound of the four 
instruments blend together and 
stand apart. Their sound quality is 
similar in different registers
Texture Notice how the melody always 
appears in one instrument while the 
other three move around it. Is the 
texture homophonic or polyphonic? 
Also listen for passages in which not 
all instruments ae playing
Melody Listen for the pauses that break the 
melody into sections known as 
phrases, some of which sound like 
endings. Which phrases are 
repeated?
Form Listen to the way the melody is 
presented with very little change by 
each instrument across the course if
the movement 
Sting Quartet, op. 76. No. 3 Composed: 1797 Composers sustain interest with repetition, variation, and contrast Melodic theme dedicated to Emperor Franz II Theme repeated four times unchanged Contrasting music lines add interest Each player has equal status String quartets typically have four movements The Timbre of the Sting Quartet Unusually homogenous texture Four instruments: violin 1, violin 2, viola, cello Correspond to soprano, alto, tenor, bass Can blend together or emphasize differences Each instrument plays the main theme at some point Changing Texture Haydn changes texture throughout Theme first presented in homophonic fashion
background image The variations use tow-part homophony and four-part polyphony  Periodic Phrases Structure Melody has five phrases (AABCC) A and B function as antecedent phrases, and end on half cadences C functions as consequent phrases, ends on full cadence Periodic phrase structure – use of antecedent and consequent phrases Basis of many melodies, especially during Classical Era Theme and Variations Form Popular during Classical Era and worldwide Theme presented then altered in some way Composers often used well-known themes Haydn kept the theme the same, varying only the voice around the 
theme
Symbolizes the melody’s dedicatee, Emperor Franz  Musical Appropriation The use or adaptation of a work to serve something other than its 
original purpose
Haydn’s melody was later given new words  One new setting became the German national anthem Contrafactum – a work setting new words to an established melody Joseph Haydn Haydn was music director for Prince Nicholas Esterhazy Wrote music and conducted the court orchestra Autonomy forced Haydn to become original Haydn wrote what the prince requested Composed string quartets, operas, sonatas, and symphonies  After the prince’s death, Haydn traveled to England and Vienna 20.) Master Musicians of the Ikuta-ryu / Cherry Blossom Listen to this First  Timbre Listen for the variety of sounds 
produced by different plucking and 
strumming techniques
Melody Listen to the three different sections
of the melody and to the direction in
which each moved
Form Identify the melody when it enters, 

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School: Eastern Kentucky University
Department: Music
Course: Music Appreciation
Professor: James Willett
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: MUH171
Name: MUH Notes
Description: The Classical Era
Uploaded: 03/26/2018
9 Pages 47 Views 37 Unlocks
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