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UF - CLAS 3160 - Class Notes - Week 12

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UF - CLAS 3160 - Class Notes - Week 12

School: University of Florida
Department: Classical Studies
Course: Ancient Egypt
Professor: Robert Wagman
Term: Summer 2015
Tags:
Name: Class lecture March 27
Description: Arts and Crafts, Module 4, Unit 1
Uploaded: 03/27/2018
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background image Class Lecture: March 27, 2018 
Module IV Egyptian Art and Architecture 
Unit 1: Arts and Crafts 
Wood Resource
One problem Egyptians faced : large scale construction wasn’t 
supported in Egypt because lack of wood 
Trees available in Egypt: Sycamore (Ficus Sycomorus) and Acacia 
(Acacia Hilotica)  
Goddesses associated with sycamore include isis, Hathor, Acacia is not a large tree but is domestic to Africa  Both trees used for furniture, cabinetry, sarcophagi Sycamore was used for boats too  Nothing larger could be made from these trees because they were 
too small, which is why they were imported  
They had to import wood to meet the needs from Libya or from Nubia  Tree of Mataria was associated with the Virgin Mary when Egypt 
became Christian 
Wife of Khufu bed frame retained decorations with lion heads carved 
into it 
Tools depicted in paintings survived: drills (Point and a bow which 
would activate it to turn) and a carpenter’s point (Engrave) 
Statues were also made of wood until their transition to stone because 
it lasted longer 
People who couldn’t afford metal statues continued to use wood  Granite found in Aswan as you go up the Nile  Metal Resource Maps dating back to the New KIngdom showed various mining 
locations 
Metal work technology asnt very advanced in Egypt, they knew some 
techniques but never progressed much further than bronze (Alloy of tin
and copper). 
Egyptians made tools of copper (found naturally in Egypt, but is a soft 
metal. Not very good to cut stone.) in order to cut hard stone, they 
used harder stones 
Gold was found naturally in Egypt in form of nuggets in the dry river 
beds in the desert 
Examples of gold used as decoration: funerary head masks, gold 
slippers, and gold toe and finger caps 
Goldsmiths and jewelers at work in paintings depict them carving 
different objects such as sphinx, breast plates for royals; and a person 
measuring gold 
Local supply wasn’t enough to fulfill their gold needs, they also relied 
on gold deposits in Nubia 
background image Bone Resource Bone and ivory carving were used to make things like bone  Often carved into animal figures  Silica Paste Resource: Faience (glass-like)  Fashioned very easily to make mass production of objects using molds  Decorative breast plates made with multicolor beads fashioned from 
molded paste 
Tiling was main way to decorate buildings in a colorful fashion  Funerary industry boomed after the middle kingdom because everyone
with the money for it could attain funerary rights like the king 
Faience used for funerary amulets  Scarab: symbol of becoming transformation and was placed by the 
embalmer son the top of the deceased’s heart 
Shabtis/ ushebtis: clay figurines of servants that would be placed in the
tomb so that the deceased wouldn’t have to do chores in the next 
world 
Seals: dye is placed on object and the seal is used to make an 
impression 
Plaster Two types: one with clay (mud from bank of the river mixed with straw)
and finer plastic made with gypsum
Paintings showed Egyptian plasters: used spreading materials similar 
to that being used by construction workers today 
Main use is for paintings  One of the main uses of plastic was for paintings. You couldn’t paint 
directly on tomb walls, needed to place plastic so the effect could be 
more pleasant 
Gypsum was found a few miles west of the Nile into the white desert, 
these natural gypsum formations stood above the sand
Scraps of papyrus were wet and molded into a shape, then plastered 
over and painted with gold paint. Convenient way of making mummy 
masks. This paper mache was called cartonage 
Clay Found in bank of the nile  Wall paintings showed various makers designing vases  Alabaster  Same chemical composition of gypsum is found in alabaster Almost see through  Limestone  Highly used because of large amount of it was found  Easily carved  Used for pyramids  Paintings 

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School: University of Florida
Department: Classical Studies
Course: Ancient Egypt
Professor: Robert Wagman
Term: Summer 2015
Tags:
Name: Class lecture March 27
Description: Arts and Crafts, Module 4, Unit 1
Uploaded: 03/27/2018
4 Pages 27 Views 21 Unlocks
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  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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