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UCONN - ANTH 1500 - Class Notes - Week 11

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UCONN - ANTH 1500 - Class Notes - Week 11

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background image     Week 11 
ANTH 1500 19 March 2018  
  
Peopling of Australia and the Pacific Islands 
 
Locations covered today: 
•  Flores Island  o  Liang Bua Cave 
o  Mata Menge 
•  Nawarla Gabarnmung 
•  Lake Mungo 
•  The Solomon Islands 
•  Hawaii 
•  Rapa Nui (Easter Island) 
 
Back to the Paleolithic...  
•  Sunda and Sahul: landmasses exposed during glacial periods  
•  Wallace and Weber Lines  
•  Requires boat technology to cross to Sahul  
•  H. erectus in Sunda until 50 kya (never Sahul)  
   
Homo floresiensis  
•  Discovered in 2003: Liang Bua Cave, Flores Island  
•  Originally dated to 95,000-12,000 BP 
•  Popularly referred to as the "hobbit"  
•  Descendent of Asian H. erectus?  
     
Liang Bua cave  
•  9 individuals, (1) complete skull  
•  Evidence for cooking with fire  
•  Upper Paleo. tool technology  
•  2016 Nature paper:  
o  Re-dating puts site at 50 kya instead of 12 kya        
Homo floresiensis  
•  1.06 m (3'6") 
•  Small brain (380 cc) 
background image     •  Similarities to Homo erectus 
•  Insular dwarfism 
•  Microcephaly or other pathologies? 
   
New Site: Mata Menge, Flores  
•  2016 announced discovery of new H. floresiensis site 
•  3 individuals 
•  700,000 BP? 
•  Even smaller than Liang Bua hominins 
 
The arrival of H. sapiens  
•  mtDNA data: coastal route from Africa to Sunda by 70 kya  
•  Closest link to native Australians found in Indian and SE Asian populations  
   
Colonizing Sahul  
•  Ca. 50,000 BP  
•  Crossing: min. of 50-100 km of water  
•  Earliest occupations unknown due to sea-level rise  
     
Prehistoric Australia  
•  By 12,000 BP sea levels begin to rise  
•  6,000 BP broadly modern climate and coasts established  
•  Annual climate variability  
•  Long history of hunting and gathering  
     
Lake Mungo, N.S.W. Australia  
•  Campsites used regularly over long period  
•  Artifacts dating to 32,000 BP  
•  Hearths, shell middens  
•  Human remains >20,000 BP  
     
Aboriginal Australian art  
•  Narwala Gabarnmang rock shelter  
• 
14 C dated to 28 kya (oldest directly dated rock art in world)  •  Possible older examples have been argued to be depicting extinct  megafauna  

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School: University of Connecticut
Department: Sociology
Course: Great Discoveries in Archaeology
Professor: Lucas Proctor
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Intro to Archaeology
Name: ANTH 1500 - Week 11 - (3/29/18)
Description: Peopling of Australia and the Pacific Islands, week 11, (3/26/18)
Uploaded: 03/30/2018
5 Pages 28 Views 22 Unlocks
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