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UCMerced - COGS 001 - Cognitive Science 01: Study Guide Midterm #2 -

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UCMerced - COGS 001 - Cognitive Science 01: Study Guide Midterm #2 -

School: University of California - Merced
Department: OTHER
Course: Introduction to Cognitive Science
Professor: Michael Spivey
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: cog, cognitive, and Sci
Name: Cognitive Science 01: Study Guide Midterm #2
Description: this study guide includes the concepts of vision, attention, memory, learning and networks.
Uploaded: 03/30/2018
0 5 3 48 Reviews
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background image Cognitive Science 01 Midterm #2 Study Guide  Professor: Paul Smaldino           **this study guide is includes concepts and keywords that should guide you when studying for the exam, but should not be your only resource to study.              Vision and Attention 
background image ­ The five most important concepts to me so far are attention, vision, neuroscience,  specifically the neurons, psychology, and language. Vision because it is important,  especially when driving to have all the attention to driving. The neurons because I am a 
biology major, and I am very interested in learning more about cells. Psychology, 
because I am also very interested in learning about behavior that is also why I am taking 
the cognitive science course. Lastly language was an important concept for me because 
we went really in depth as to how language works and I really enjoyed learning more 
about it. 
­   Feature detection is the process which the nervous system filters complex natural stimuli  to extract behaviorally relevant cues that have a high probability of being associated with  important objects or organisms in their environment, as opposed to irrelevant background
or noise.
­   The recognition by components theory, or RBC theory, is a bottom­up process proposed  by  Irving Biederman  in 1987 to explain object recognition. we can see that there are still  places where we are not perfect and, occasionally, we are fooled by what we think we are
seeing. 
­   Inattentional blindness,  lack of attention that is not associated with any vision defects or  deficits. An example of this is on the video where the focus was to count how many  passes were made by those in white. The majority of peoples focus stays on the 
basketball and eventually never noticing the gorilla passing by. 
This is an example of  Inattentional blindness: ­  Attention is the cognitive ability of selectively processing information. Forms of  attention are visual attention and auditory attention.Visual attention is selectively  processing information in the world via sight. Auditory attention is  selectively 
processing in the world via sound
background image ­    The cocktail party effect is the phenomenon of the brain's ability to focus one's auditory  attention on a particular stimulus while filtering out a range of other stimuli. When one  presents the cocktail party effect they have the to focus on a single talker or conversation 
in a noisy environment.
This is an example of overhearing your name at a party: ­ Driving with a cell phone can be dangerous because your focus is no longer on only  driving. This related to attention because you are using both forms of attention visual and 
auditory, and when driving you need all the attention. For example if you are on your 
phone looking and reading through text messages your vision attention is focused on your
cell phone. If you are talking on the phone your auditory attention is now focused on the 
person you are talking to rather than any outside noises that may be important such as 
ambulances. 
This is an example from class: 

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School: University of California - Merced
Department: OTHER
Course: Introduction to Cognitive Science
Professor: Michael Spivey
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: cog, cognitive, and Sci
Name: Cognitive Science 01: Study Guide Midterm #2
Description: this study guide includes the concepts of vision, attention, memory, learning and networks.
Uploaded: 03/30/2018
12 Pages 46 Views 36 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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