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FSU - CLP 4143 - Study Guide #3 - Study Guide

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FSU - CLP 4143 - Study Guide #3 - Study Guide

School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: CLP4143, abnormal, and Psychology
Name: Study Guide #3
Description: Covers Panic disorders, eating disorders, and dissociative disorders
Uploaded: 04/01/2018
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background image CLP 4143                              Abnormal Psychology Study Questions               1) What does psychosis mean?  the impaired reality testing – the inability to tell the difference  between what is real and unreal 2) Be able to define and give a few examples of each of these specific symptoms that fall within the  psychotic spectrum. For each, are they classified as: positive, negative, or disorganized symptoms  (e.g. be able to define “hallucinations,” and be aware that these are symptoms that fall under 
“positive” symptoms).
a) Hallucinations: hearing, seeing, and smelling things that are not real/not there; unreal 
perceptual experiences involving one or more of your senses
i) Positive symptoms
ii) Ex: Auditory, visual, and tactile/somatic experiences that need to be severe in order to 
consider it as a symptom
(1) Tactile: the feeling of spiders crawling up your arm
(2) Auditory: hearing voices, especially if the information voices they are telling the 
individual is harmful/dangerous/leads them to paranoia (3) Visual: seeing something that is not actually there. The rarest type of hallucination,  but if someone has this type of hallucination, they probably have auditory as well. b) Delusions: beliefs that are not true; beyond the norm of the person’s culture to believe i) Positive symptoms
ii) Ex: 
(1) FBI are chasing me, aliens are talking to me, etc.
(2) They don’t have a logical basis – unrealistic
(3) Unlikely or impossible beliefs.  c) Loose associations, derailment, word salad: disorganized speech/thoughts i) Disorganized Symptom: unusual patterns of thoughts and behaviors d) Catatonia: total non­responsiveness to outside stimulus – non­reactive  i) Disorganized Symptom e) Restricted Affect
f) Avolition: extreme lack of motivation. 
i) Negative Symptom
ii) Ex: Difficulty getting out of bed
3) Describe the three phases that make up the course of schizophrenia. What kinds of symptoms are  likely to characterize each phase?
a) Prodromal Phase: before onset of full syndrome
i) Can present negative and/or positive symptoms
ii) Shows differences from other 
iii) These individuals have the diathesis and develop the disorder. 
background image CLP 4143                              Abnormal Psychology Study Questions               b) Acute Phase: active psychotic symptoms i) 3 of the categories of symptoms – hallucinations, delusions, and negative symptoms,  disorganized thoughts/speech  ii) have these symptoms for a 1­month period at least and have these active phases. 
iii) Need to have at least one of these symptoms for at least 6 months
iv) Most obvious phase that an individual shows they are impaired. (1) Positive symptoms mostly in acute phases c) Residual: after acute phase i) Positive or negative symptoms, but only negative symptoms in acute and prodromal. (1) Negative symptoms are noticeable in this phase, but can be present throughout the  disorder period 4) Describe the prevalence and prognosis for schizophrenia.  What factors are associated with better  prognosis?
a) Prevalence
i) 1­2% lifetime prevalence in the in US. 1­50 or 1­100 people. Stable across nations and  cultures. ii) Twice as common in men versus women iii) Course and severity is different between genders. Possibly due to the endrogens and  testosterone physiology iv) Age onset: (1) Men: 16­24 (2) Women: 20­35 b) Prognosis i) High relapse rate (85% have residual and/or active sxs)
ii) Lower life expectancy & higher rates of infectious diseases & circulatory diseases
iii) More likely to be victims of crime, esp. violent crime c) Factors predicting better prognosis: i) Acute onset
ii) Later age at onset
iii) Taking antipsychotic medications throughout disease 5) Be able to give a general definition of the following terms:  a) Schizoaffective disorder i) Major mood episode + positive sxs of schizophrenia (delusions/hallucinations)
ii) At least 2 weeks of positive sxs without mood episode
b) Schizophreniform disorder i) Psychotic sxs for at least 1 month but less than 6 months  c) Brief psychotic disorder i) Psychotic sxs for at least 1 month but less than 6 months  d) Delusional Disorder i) Just delusions without other psychotic sxs ii) They don’t have hallucinations, disorganized thoughts/speech, or negative sxs. 
iii) Unknown cause

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School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: CLP4143, abnormal, and Psychology
Name: Study Guide #3
Description: Covers Panic disorders, eating disorders, and dissociative disorders
Uploaded: 04/01/2018
6 Pages 34 Views 27 Unlocks
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  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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