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UMD - CLAS 170 - Exam 2 Study Guide, Heroes and Epics - Study Guide

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UMD - CLAS 170 - Exam 2 Study Guide, Heroes and Epics - Study Guide

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background image EXAM #2 STUDY GUIDE:     The Iliad, The Odyssey, Antigone, Oedipus, and The Myths of  Thebes ❖ Major Themes ➢ Menis: superhuman rage, usually applied to gods ■ Main theme of The Iliad, Achilles  ➢ Aidos: obligation; shame if not fulfilled ➢ Arete: excellence in battle ➢ Time: honor, reward for excellence (physical prize, e.g. treasure) ➢ Kleos: immortal fame ■ Penelope’s ~ perfect Greek wife or crafty (compare with Agamemnon’s  wife) ■ Odysseus ~ not from the Trojan war but from his journey home ■ Achilles ~ choses eternal fame as promised by his mother and oracle over  a long life of happiness (remember, he was born as a hero, it’s his only  purpose in life) ■ Pentheus ~ mother carries him home from hunt and butchers him ➢ Xenia: guest friendship ■ Odysseus’ crew: disrespect Polyphemus ■ Polyphemus: perversion of guest friendship, gives ‘bad’ gifts  ■ Phaeacians: proper host, Nausicaa’s approach to Odysseus ➢ Nostos: homecoming  ■ Main theme of the Odyssey, Odysseus’ return to Penelope ■ Question: is Ithaca the same as before the war?  ➢ Dramatic Irony ❖ Main Text ➢ Archaic Period (750­490 BCE) ■ Homer: The Odyssey, books 2, 6, 9, 17, 19, 23 ■ The Iliad, books 1, 6, 9, 16, 22, 24 ➢ Classical Period (490­323 BCE) ■ Sophocles: Oedipus the King & Antigone ■ Euripides: Bacchae & Medea ➢ Roman Period (31 BCE­ 5th cent. CE) *only review for content not passage ID* ■ Apollodorus: Theban cycle & Jason ❖ Key Characters ➢ The Odyssey:  ■ Odysseus ■ Penelope v. Nausicaa ■ Telemachus ■ The suitors ➢ The Iliad:  ■ Hector v. Achilles (compare as heroes) ■ Pam ■ Andromache v. Helen (give woman’s perspectives)

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School: University of Maryland
Department: Classical Studies
Course: Greek and Roman Mythology
Professor: Gregory Staley
Term: Winter 2016
Tags: Clas170
Name: Exam 2 Study Guide, Heroes and Epics
Description: Material for the second Classics 170 exam, not to be supplemented for reading the text.
Uploaded: 04/04/2018
2 Pages 49 Views 39 Unlocks
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