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FSU - CLP 4143 - Class Notes - Week 13

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FSU - CLP 4143 - Class Notes - Week 13

School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Psychology
Name: Abnormal Psychology, Week 13
Description: These are the notes covered this week.
Uploaded: 04/06/2018
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background image Personality Disorders Personality o Styles of thinking, feeling, and behaving that make each of us  unique o Relatively stable across time and situations Personality Disorders o Persistent pattern of problematic thoughts, emotions, and  behaviors May cause emotional distress for the person affected May cause interpersonal difficulties Present in a variety of contexts (ex. Relationships, work, 
etc.)
Personality Disorder Clusters o Cluster A: Odd or eccentric disorders
o Cluster B: Dramatic, emotional, or erratic disorders
o Cluster C: Anxious or fearful disorders
Cluster A Disorders o Unusual behaviors or perceptual experiences
o Sub-threshold psychotic symptoms
o No full-blown psychosis, delusions, or hallucinations
o
       Paranoid Personality Disorder Key Features Pervasive, unjustified distrust Mistrust and suspiciousness of others Others’ motives interpreted as malevolent May accuse others of mistreating them Distress and Impairment Few meaningful relationships May be argumentative Others may feel uncomfortable Sensitive to criticism Increased risk for suicide and violence Causes: Biological Factors Strong genetic role Relative of individuals with schizophrenia may be 
more likely to have paranoid personality disorder
Causes: Psychological/Social Factors Early mistreatment or trauma may play a role Upbringing – taught that others are 
deceptive/malicious
Certain groups at increased risk: Prisoners, refugees, 
people with hearing impairments
background image Treatment Unlikely to seek help due to mistrust of others Important to build strong therapeutic alliance Cognitive therapy may help address assumptions 
about others
BUT: no empirical evidence of any treatment helping o        Schizoid Personality Disorder Key Features Pervasive detachment from social relationships Restricted range of emotional expression Less self-reported experience of enjoyment Not affected by praise or criticism Distress and Impairment Extreme social deficiencies and social isolation Seem aloof, cold, and indifferent to others Homelessness is prevalent Causes: Biological Factors May have genetic component  Overlap with autism spectrum disorder Causes: Psychological/Social Factors Childhood shyness Childhood neglect or abuse Treatment Unlikely to seek treatment May focus on social skills training Research is very limited on efficacy o        Schizotypal Personality Disorder Key Features Pervasive eccentricity or oddness Cognitive or perceptual distortions Unusual beliefs Distress and Impairment Difficult to establish and maintain relationships May be suspicious of others Causes: Biological Factors May be a schizophrenia genotype Seems to be a “milder form” of schizophrenia Imaging studies have shown left hemisphere damage
(learning/memory)
Causes: Psychological/Social Factors Childhood maltreatment Treatment

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School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Psychology
Name: Abnormal Psychology, Week 13
Description: These are the notes covered this week.
Uploaded: 04/06/2018
4 Pages 26 Views 20 Unlocks
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  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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