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UW - PSYCHOLOGY 2340 - Study Guide - Final

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UW - PSYCHOLOGY 2340 - Study Guide - Final

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background image Abnormal Psychology Study Guide – Exam 3 GAD (Generalized Anxiety Disorder) More Women, largest prevalence in middle age (won’t get worse, more 
diagnosis w/ more worries)
DSM-5 Criteria o  Excessive anxiety for at least 6 months
o Difficult to control, restlessness, easily wore out, hard time 
concentrating, irritable, constantly tensed, sleep issues GAD treatment o Reduce & manage (not erase)
o Relaxation, monitor thoughts & restructure where possible
Give ability to understand how they create extreme worry, 
experience fear, realize it’s not as bad
o Acceptance/mindfulness v. attempts to control emotions Be able to focus on present moment (anxiety is about future), 
realize thoughts≠truth, attempts to reduce anxiety make it 
o Meds – Benzodiazepines Dampen NT functioning, reduce GABA, respiration, & heart rate What’s the deal with benzodiazepines? Extremely addictive & dangerous to come off of SAD (Social Anxiety Disorder)        Intense anxiety about social situation where one might be judged or  scrutinized Over intense fear of humiliation/embarrassmentextreme avoidance o Neg. Reinforcement. Avoiding situations gives immediate relief but  worse fear over time Treatment for SAD – exposure hierarchy o Exposure hierarchy, slowly do things that cause low anxiety & build up Nearly 1 in 10 Evolution and anxiety If humans had not developed anxiety they would never have been worried, 
we would not have survived
Some people may just be genetically predisposed and helped through society
to have an increased anxiety all the time
Stroop A test for anxiety level Reading the color of the text of a word and not what the word says o Green  Blue  Orange Can replace w/ trigger words for worrying GABA
background image Inhibitory NT that reduced fear & anxiety Barlow and Mineka anxiety models Barlow recognized that anxiety disorders often co-occurred w/ other disorders
like depression & substance abuse
Mineka found that monkeys can learn fear by watching other monkeys act 
US prevalence of anxiety disorders relative to other 
Most common mental illness in US, 18.1%, higher rates in wealthier countries PMR (Progressive Muscle Relaxation) Process of relieving stress/anxiety through technique of slowly releasing 
tension in muscles in systematic order throughout body
Obsessions, compulsions, OCD (not anxiety disorder) Obsessions – intrusive thoughts/impulses that cause distress Compulsions – repetitive behaviors/mental acts that temp. reduce anxiety 20% w/ OCD experience in isolation Understand unreasonable but can’t stop        1+ hr/day, interfere w/ normal functioning  Late-teens early 20’s is general onset  Treatment o Exposure & Response prevention: gradually expose to worries Negative reinforcement and OCD Avoiding it will cause temporary relief but it will only promote doing the 
behavior more to avoid the worry/anxiety
Why might you eat food off a toilet seat? Using a hierarchy of starting w/ a low anxiety causing measure to increasing 
it to something like this, to get to a point where if you can do that, you can do
anything in normal life
Panic disorder Recurring  Panic attack s Intense fear that something terrible is about to happen, heart palpating, 
sweating, trembling, shortness of breath, chest pain, dizziness, fear of losing 
control/going crazy, etc.
Can avoid going places that may cause attack – Agoraphobia Treatment o Slow gradual exposure, try to mimic symptoms of fear (ex.  Hyperventilation: holding breathbreathing thru straw…) Agoraphobia avoid going places that may cause panic attack Specific phobias

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School: University of Wyoming
Department: Engineering
Course: Abnormal Psych
Professor: Matt Gray
Term: Spring 2018
Tags: abnormal psych, Abnormal psychology, abnormal, psych, and Psychology
Name: Abnormal Psych Study Guide 3
Description: These notes cover what will be on the Ab Psych Exam 3
Uploaded: 04/08/2018
5 Pages 28 Views 22 Unlocks
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