Exam 2 4/18/18 https://quizlet.com/_4kx0mq
A. Review Questions
1. What are the different types of police agencies?
• Local: police and sheriff
• state: state or highway patrol
• federal: FBI, the U.S. Secret Service, Homeland, DOJ.
2. What is the primary mission of policing?
• enhance our quality of life by means of enforcing laws, preventing crimes, and arresting suspects while upholding core values
3. What types of job positions are available in policing organizations
• firearms training, mounted horseback, motorcycle bike patrol, K9 unit, SWAT team, school resource officer, stat analysis, victim advocacy, investigation
4. What are the police styles?
• community policing
• problem-oriented policing Don't forget about the age old question of How is magnetic flux determined?
• intelligence-lead policing
• zero tolerance
5. How are community and intelligence-based policing related?
• intelligence-based policing is a paradigm built on community policing and problem solving with an emphasis on information sharing
• intelligence-based policing focuses less on community and more on global
6. What is the SARA model?
• Scan: ID and prioritize problems
• Analyze: research problems
• Respond: develop long-lasting solutions
• Assess: evaluate success of responses
A. Review Questions
1. Why was Weeks v US an important precedent
• determined that warrantless seizure of items from a private residence is a violation of the 4th amendment
2. How has the US Supreme court defined due process
• comprising protections including procedural due process, substantive due process, protection against unclear laws, and application of the Bill of Rights to include the states
3. How is probable cause established according to the US Supreme Court
• substantial chance or fair probability of illegal activity, a reasonable person must believe that there is a fair probability that contraband or evidence of a crime will be found If you want to learn more check out Why is dhikr important among muslim mystics?
4. When can a police officer stop and frisk a person
• when reasonable suspicion is present
• based on CI information
• based on anonymous tips
5. What is the exclusionary rule, and what are some exceptions to it
• exclusionary rule: excludes from trial evidence that was obtained unlawfully • exceptions:
▪ inevitable discovery rule: with or without a warrant, the police would have
found the evidence
▪ good faith exception: police officers trying to do the right thing by
obtaining a search warrant should be allowed an exception to the rule if
they acted in good faith
6. When can a drug-sniffing dog be used without a search warrant
• in public areas
• outside homes for illegal drugs ONLY
Exam 2 4/18/18
7. What are the exceptions to justify warrantless searches
• consent: when police officers ask for permission to search, and you voluntarily say yes
• plain view: permits officers to seize evidence if it is easily seen
• exigent circumstances: emergency circumstances that are used to prevent escape, harm to officer or others, and destruction of evidence
• incident to a lawful arrest: allows search once person has been lawfully arrested • automobiles: should police have probable cause that a vehicle contains contraband, the vehicle may be searched If you want to learn more check out What do primary sources or documents explore?
We also discuss several other topics like Why is understanding persona important in close reading?
• regulatory searches: restaurant health inspections, boarder inspections, airport screenings, fire inspections may be conducted without a warrant
8. What is responsible for our right to counsel in state and federal court
• Sixth amendment
• Escobedo v Illinois
▪ charged for murder, was denied counsel and incriminated himself,
appealed and court ruled in his favor sixth amendment was violated
A. Review Questions
1. How do the federal and state court systems differ?
o federal courts represent one branch of government
o jurisdiction varies
o in federal courts all felony prosecutions must be initiated by an indictment
o in state court cases may begin with an information or complaint
2. Describe the positive and negative aspects of court delays
o negative: We also discuss several other topics like What are the two components of matter?
▪ scarce resources are wasted Don't forget about the age old question of How many groups of electrons are separated during hybridization?
▪ those not released on bail cannot support families
▪ those released on bail may reoffend
▪ hope to weaken case
▪ likelihood victim and witness testimony will be less accurate increases
▪ reduce highly charged emotions in victims and witnesses
▪ perhaps prosecutor can arrive at plea bargain
3. What are the focus and purpose of problem solving courts?
o goal: provide treatment alternatives to incarceration
o focus: first time nonviolent misdemeanor, in some cases felonies
o focus: rehabilitation
o designed to be nonadversarial, emphasize collaboration among public and private agencies to create nonpunitive approach
4. What are the responsibilities of judges?
o responsible for the functioning of the courtroom,
o conduct bench trials (without a jury)
o oversee sentencing
5. What are the two methods for selecting state-level judges?