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FSU - CLP 4143 - Class Notes - Week 15

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FSU - CLP 4143 - Class Notes - Week 15

School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Psychology
Name: Week 15 notes
Description: Here are the notes we went over in class this week.
Uploaded: 04/20/2018
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background image Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD Diagnostic Criteria o A. Persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity that  interferes with functioning or development Inattention (6+ Symptoms) Fails to pay attention to details/makes careless 
mistakes
Difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play Does not seem to listen when spoken to directly Has difficulty organizing tasks and activities Avoids/dislikes tasks requiring sustained mental 
effort
Loses things necessary for tasks or activities Easily distracted  Forgetful in daily activities Hyperactivity (6+ Symptoms) Fidgets or squirms in seat Leaves seat in situations where remaining seated is 
expected
Runs or climbs when inappropriate Unable to play quietly Often “on the go” and acting as if “driven by a 
motor”
Talks excessively Blurts out an answer before the question has been 
answered
Difficulty waiting his/her turn Interrupts or intrudes on others o B. Several symptoms present before age 12
o C. Symptoms present in 2+ settings
o D. Significant impairment in functioning
o E. Not better accounted for by another condition
What else might look like ADHD? o Anxiety, Depression, Learning problems, Substance use, Bipolar  disorder Normative vs. Abnormal o Normative Occasional inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity Only a few symptoms Struggles in a specific setting Minimally impacts functioning o Clinically Significant (Abnormal)
background image Frequent inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity At least 6+ symptoms in one or both domains Symptoms across settings Leads to significant problems ADHD Subtypes o Combined Presentation Both inattention (6+) and hyperactivity (6+)  o Predominantly Inattentive Presentation Inattention (6+) but not enough hyperactivity (<6) o Predominantly Hyperactive Presentation Not enough inattention (<6) but hyperactivity (6+) Prevalence of ADHD o Lifetime Prevalence 5-7% of children Not just a “Western” phenomenon Comparable rates worldwide o Gender Differences Diagnosed 2-3 times more often in boys True difference? Or under-diagnosis in girls? Who gives these diagnoses? o Clinical Psychologists
o Psychiatrists
o Pediatricians
o Primary Care
Course of ADHD o Onset:  Symptoms begin to appear around age 3 or 4 o Course: Over time, less impulsivity and more inattention Symptoms persist into adulthood Often develop other problems (ex. Substance use, car 
accidents)
Causes of ADHD o Biological Factors Genetic Influences Highly influenced by genes, less by environment Multiple genes Neurological Influences Poor working memory Poor inhibitory control Lower brain volume o Psychological/Social Factors Maternal stress and alcohol use

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School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Psychology
Name: Week 15 notes
Description: Here are the notes we went over in class this week.
Uploaded: 04/20/2018
6 Pages 23 Views 18 Unlocks
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  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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