×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to FIU - CCJ 4014 - Study Guide - Final
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to FIU - CCJ 4014 - Study Guide - Final

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

FIU / Criminology and Criminal Justice / CCJ 4014 / What does the meaning of recidivism?

What does the meaning of recidivism?

What does the meaning of recidivism?

Description

School: Florida International University
Department: Criminology and Criminal Justice
Course: Criminological theory
Professor: Christopher rodriguez
Term: Fall 2017
Tags: criminology and CCJ4014 Criminological theory theory criminology crim
Cost: 50
Name: CCJ 4014 Study Guide - Final Exam
Description: Study guide that consists of notes on Chapters 9-12 for the final exam
Uploaded: 04/20/2018
3 Pages 33 Views 2 Unlocks
Reviews


ol.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-3 0}.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-0}.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-0,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-1,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-2,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-3 0}.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-3,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-4,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-7,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-8,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-5,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-6,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_i77ytdkearaw-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-2}.lst-kix_i77ytdkearaw-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_6f8gfvg1agdz-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_6f8gfvg1agdz-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_6f8gfvg1agdz-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_6f8gfvg1agdz-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-8}ul.lst-kix_6f8gfvg1agdz-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_6f8gfvg1agdz-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_6f8gfvg1agdz-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_6f8gfvg1agdz-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_6f8gfvg1agdz-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-2 0}.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-4}ol.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-8 0}.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-7}ol.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-4 0}.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-5}.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-4}ol.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-2 0}ul.lst-kix_7vap6oyszbo8-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7vap6oyszbo8-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_boon9072xkql-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_7vap6oyszbo8-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_boon9072xkql-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7vap6oyszbo8-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_boon9072xkql-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7vap6oyszbo8-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_boon9072xkql-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_boon9072xkql-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7vap6oyszbo8-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_boon9072xkql-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7vap6oyszbo8-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_boon9072xkql-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_7vap6oyszbo8-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7vap6oyszbo8-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_boon9072xkql-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_boon9072xkql-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_boon9072xkql-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_boon9072xkql-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-8}.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-3}.lst-kix_i77ytdkearaw-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_9hl81qq9b2ow-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_9hl81qq9b2ow-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_9hl81qq9b2ow-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_i77ytdkearaw-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_9hl81qq9b2ow-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_i77ytdkearaw-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-3}.lst-kix_6f8gfvg1agdz-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_6f8gfvg1agdz-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-5,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_i77ytdkearaw-0 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_6f8gfvg1agdz-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_boon9072xkql-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_boon9072xkql-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_6f8gfvg1agdz-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_pt4bkcf1dt6e-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_qs8al212sk9f-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}ol.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-1 0}.lst-kix_pt4bkcf1dt6e-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_qs8al212sk9f-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-6 0}.lst-kix_pt4bkcf1dt6e-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_qs8al212sk9f-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_qs8al212sk9f-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}ol.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-0 0}.lst-kix_pt4bkcf1dt6e-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_pt4bkcf1dt6e-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_9hl81qq9b2ow-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9hl81qq9b2ow-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qs8al212sk9f-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_9hl81qq9b2ow-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_pt4bkcf1dt6e-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_9hl81qq9b2ow-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qs8al212sk9f-3 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_9hl81qq9b2ow-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9hl81qq9b2ow-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qs8al212sk9f-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_qs8al212sk9f-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ol.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-0 0}ol.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-0}ol.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-6 0}ul.lst-kix_y9s5nhuet15g-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y9s5nhuet15g-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y9s5nhuet15g-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y9s5nhuet15g-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y9s5nhuet15g-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y9s5nhuet15g-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-2}ul.lst-kix_y9s5nhuet15g-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y9s5nhuet15g-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_7vap6oyszbo8-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_7vap6oyszbo8-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_y9s5nhuet15g-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_7vap6oyszbo8-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_7vap6oyszbo8-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_7vap6oyszbo8-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_7vap6oyszbo8-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_y9s5nhuet15g-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_y9s5nhuet15g-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_y9s5nhuet15g-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_y9s5nhuet15g-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_y9s5nhuet15g-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}ol.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-5 0}.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-1}ol.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-1 0}.lst-kix_y9s5nhuet15g-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_9hl81qq9b2ow-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9hl81qq9b2ow-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_y9s5nhuet15g-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_9hl81qq9b2ow-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_y9s5nhuet15g-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_7vap6oyszbo8-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_7vap6oyszbo8-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_7vap6oyszbo8-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_y9s5nhuet15g-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}ol.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-7 0}ol.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-4 0}ol.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qs8al212sk9f-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qs8al212sk9f-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-6}ul.lst-kix_qs8al212sk9f-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qs8al212sk9f-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qs8al212sk9f-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qs8al212sk9f-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qs8al212sk9f-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qs8al212sk9f-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qs8al212sk9f-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_boon9072xkql-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_boon9072xkql-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-5}.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-6}.lst-kix_9hl81qq9b2ow-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_i77ytdkearaw-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_i77ytdkearaw-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_9hl81qq9b2ow-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_9hl81qq9b2ow-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_6f8gfvg1agdz-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_9hl81qq9b2ow-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_9hl81qq9b2ow-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}ol.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-8 0}.lst-kix_i77ytdkearaw-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_6f8gfvg1agdz-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}ol.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-5 0}.lst-kix_6f8gfvg1agdz-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_6f8gfvg1agdz-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-1}.lst-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ojy3t5xwcblx-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_boon9072xkql-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_pt4bkcf1dt6e-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_pt4bkcf1dt6e-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_pt4bkcf1dt6e-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_boon9072xkql-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_pt4bkcf1dt6e-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_6f8gfvg1agdz-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_pt4bkcf1dt6e-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_pt4bkcf1dt6e-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_pt4bkcf1dt6e-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_pt4bkcf1dt6e-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-7 0}.lst-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_fdh1gyypb5cp-7}ul.lst-kix_pt4bkcf1dt6e-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_boon9072xkql-0 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_i77ytdkearaw-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_i77ytdkearaw-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_pt4bkcf1dt6e-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_i77ytdkearaw-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_i77ytdkearaw-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_i77ytdkearaw-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_i77ytdkearaw-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_pt4bkcf1dt6e-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_pt4bkcf1dt6e-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_i77ytdkearaw-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_i77ytdkearaw-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_i77ytdkearaw-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qs8al212sk9f-0 > li:before{content:"● "}

Chapter 9 : Social Reaction, Critical & Feminist Models of CrimeWe also discuss several other topics like Where is mycenae located in ancient greece
We also discuss several other topics like What is the meaning of polynomial?

  • This chapter discusses the evolution of social reaction and labeling theory, social conflict and reaction models of criminal behaviour, and so on; 1960s and 1970s - period of social change and upheaval
  1. Social Reaction and Labeling Theory
  • Primarily concerned with how individuals’ personal identities are highly influenced by the way society and authorities tend to categorize them; with this categorization, or labeling, an offender becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy

        ↳ results in individuals confirming their status as criminals / delinquents by increasing the frequency and/or seriousness of their illegal activity

  • The perspective assume, that there is a tendency to put negative labels on lower - class individuals or minorities significantly more than middle - and upper-class white people; also assumes that those who are labeled as offenders virtually have no choice but to conform to the role they have been assigned
  •  Recidivism can be reduced via the lessening of stigmatization by authorities (e.g. law enforcement) - policies following this mentality were referred to as the hands-off policy; Popular in the 1960s and 1970s

↳        diversion, decriminalization, and deinstitutionalization (the Ds); all attempted to avoid labeling; attempted to remove youthful or first-time offenders from the formal justice system

  • Based on work by George Mead and Charles Cooley → emphasized the importance of the extreme ways that individuals react to and are influenced by the social reaction to their roles and behavior
  • Labeling occurs as a process; proposed by Edwin Lemert

Don't forget about the age old question of What is the function of interleukins?

PRIMARY DEVIANCE → CAUGHT AND LABELED → SECONDARY DEVIANCE

  • Not serious, non-violent
  • Not frequent; typically caught by police
  • Stigma is enforced
  • Serious, violent
  • Frequent

  • Under Lemert’s model, if the label or stigma is NOT placed on a young or first-time offender, then the more serious and frequent offenses of secondary deviance will not take place

↳        consistent w/ hands-off policyIf you want to learn more check out What is the hardy-weinberg theorem?

        → if behaviour is ignored, it’ll go away

  • People in power make laws; ultimately decide who will be defined as criminals
  • Labeling theory → tended to focus on criminal career formation and the creation of social stigma through interaction

Don't forget about the age old question of What is the concept of repression?

***If you want to learn more check out Who is george saunders?

THE SAINTS

THE ROUGHNECKS

  • Upper middle class, seen as “good boys”
  • Never arrested
  • Engaged in more delinquent behavior
  • Apologetic demeanor when caught
  • Lower-class, seen as “headed for trouble”
  • Frequently arrested
  • More attention paved to their delinquent behavior
  • Hostile demeanor when caught
  1. Consensus Perspective
  • Assumes general agreement in society regarding right and wrong and what behaviors should be outlawed
  • Crime → a function of social morality; law arises out of social consensus

2. Marxist Theories of Crime

  • Focus on the disproportionate rate at which lower-class individuals are arrested and charged; law represents interests of groups
  • Emphasized the effects of a capitalistic society
  • The law is a tool of the powerful; crime is a function of social conflict

Key Principles, according to:

  • Willem Bonger → emphasized the relationship between the economy and crime; the contemporary economic system caused crime because of the promotion of competition that brings about greed and selfishness; emphasized the association b/w social conditions and offending

↳ cultural differences can establish offending as an adaptive response to socioeconomic problems in a society

  • Richard Quinney → Like Bonger, emphasized the idea that crime is caused by capitalist economic structures among lower-class individuals AND upper classes of individuals

↳ such crimes committed by upper-class are crimes of “domination and repression”are committed to keep lower classes down and to protect their property, wealth and power

Page Expired
5off
It looks like your free minutes have expired! Lucky for you we have all the content you need, just sign up here