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FSU - CLP 4143 - Final Exam Study Guide - Study Guide

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FSU - CLP 4143 - Final Exam Study Guide - Study Guide

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background image Abnormal Psych Study Guide FINAL Psychopathic Personality Describe core features and symptoms of psychopathy o Core Features Overt adjustment Social charm  Intelligence Absence of delusions of irrationality Absence of anxiety or depressive symptoms Non-suicidal Chronic Behavioral Deviance Impulsive antisocial action Failure to learn from experience Irresponsibility Promiscuity Absence of life plan Emotional-Interpersonal Deficits Lack of remorse Poverty of affect (shallow emotion) Incapacity for love Absence of loyalty Explain how psychopathy is a multifaceted syndrome o Individuals extreme in only on or the other of these features will  show psychopathic tendencies, but would not be “true” 
psychopaths according to Cleckley’s definition
Understand the relationship between psychopathy and 
antisocial personality disorder
o Antisocial PD formally replaced psychopathy in DSM-III (1980) Psychopath too pejorative o Antisocial PD related but distinct from psychopathy 
o Antisocial PD covers chronic behavioral deviance
o Less effective at measuring emotional-interpersonal & overt 
adjustment Identify core features in a case example Personality Disorders Identify the three main clusters of personality disorders o Cluster A: Odd or eccentric disorders
o Cluster B: Dramatic, emotional, or erratic disorders
o Cluster C: Anxious or fearful disorders
Describe the key features of each personality disorder o Cluster A:
background image o        Paranoid Personality Disorder Key Features Pervasive, unjustified distrust Mistrust and suspiciousness of others Others’ motives interpreted as malevolent May accuse others of mistreating them Causes: Biological Factors Strong genetic role Relative of individuals with schizophrenia may be 
more likely to have paranoid personality disorder
Causes: Psychological/Social Factors Early mistreatment or trauma may play a role Upbringing – taught that others are 
deceptive/malicious
Certain groups at increased risk: Prisoners, refugees, 
people with hearing impairments
Treatment Unlikely to seek help due to mistrust of others Important to build strong therapeutic alliance Cognitive therapy may help address assumptions 
about others
BUT: no empirical evidence of any treatment helping o        Schizoid Personality Disorder Key Features Pervasive detachment from social relationships Restricted range of emotional expression Less self-reported experience of enjoyment Not affected by praise or criticism Causes: Biological Factors May have genetic component  Overlap with autism spectrum disorder Causes: Psychological/Social Factors Childhood shyness Childhood neglect or abuse Treatment Unlikely to seek treatment May focus on social skills training Research is very limited on efficacy o        Schizotypal Personality Disorder Key Features Pervasive eccentricity or oddness Cognitive or perceptual distortions
background image Unusual beliefs Causes: Biological Factors May be a schizophrenia genotype Seems to be a “milder form” of schizophrenia Imaging studies have shown left hemisphere damage
(learning/memory)
Causes: Psychological/Social Factors Childhood maltreatment Treatment Often seek help for anxiety or depression Treated as precursor to schizophrenia o Antipsychotic medications
o Cognitive behavioral therapy
o Social skills training
o Cluster B:
o
       Antisocial Personality Disorder Key Features  Disregard for and violation of others’ Rights Failure to comply with social norms Impulsivity and aggression Deceitfulness Lack of remorse, concern, and empathy Causes: Biological Factors Genetic predisposition Underarousal: low levels of cortical arousal, leads to 
risk-taking behaviors
Imbalance between behavioral inhibition and reward 
systems
o Less fear and anxiety
o More prominent positive feelings
Causes: Psychological Factors Chronic stress Failure to abandon unattainable goals Causes: Social Factors Academic difficulties Peer problems Low social status Neglect Harsh parenting “coercive family process” Treatment Rarely identify themselves as needing treatment
background image Can be manipulative with therapists o        Borderline Personality Disorder Key Features Emotion regulation difficulties o Anger, mood swings, irritability Unstable self-image or sense of self Self-harm and impulsive behaviors Causes: Biological Factors Genetic predisposition Low levels of serotonin Limbic system – emotion regulation problems Causes: Psychological Factors Greater sensitivity to emotions of others More likely to experience shame Memory/information-processing bias Causes: Social Factors Childhood trauma Physical and sexual abuse Rapid cultural changes Treatment Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) o Mindfulness
o Emotion regulation
o Distress tolerance
o Interpersonal effectiveness
o        Histrionic Personality Disorder Key features Excessive emotionality and attention seeking Seductive in appearance and behavior Constantly seek approval and reassurance Uncomfortable when not the center of attention Rapidly shifts emotion Shallow emotions Causes Genetic predisposition may be similar to antisocial 
PD
Histrionic PD as female expression of antisocial PD? Limited research on other factors Treatment Focus on problematic interpersonal behaviors Learn how to delay gratification Lack of empirically supported treatments

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School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Natalie Sachs-Ericsson
Term: Spring 2017
Tags: Psychology
Name: Final Exam Study Guide
Description: Here is the answers to all the course outlines for each lecture.
Uploaded: 04/30/2018
16 Pages 41 Views 32 Unlocks
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