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UOP - PSYC 029 - Study Guide - Final

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UOP - PSYC 029 - Study Guide - Final

School: University of the Pacific
Department: Engineering
Course: Developmental Psychology
Professor: Grady
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: developmental psychology, final, and Studyguide
Name: Developmental Psych- Study Guide Final!
Description: Hello! I hope everybody is having a great day and semester! The semester is almost over! I hope everybody is studying hard for finals and remembering to take a break! Here is the completed study guide for the final!
Uploaded: 05/03/2018
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background image Physical aging 
 
● Demographics of aging (14.1): Why does Carstensen say we live in “extraordinary  times”?  ○ There are more old people than there are young people. People are living longer  now.  ● Life expectancy  ○ How does life expectancy vary across nations?  ■ Japan ranks first 
■ 50 Developing countries 
○ What secular trends have occurred over time in life expectancy?  ■ Increasing due to technology   ○ Who lives longer on the average: men or women?  ■ Women  ○ What are the most common causes of death in late life?  ■ Heart Diseases 
■ Cancer 
■ Other chronic diseases 
● Physical changes with age (14.2)   ○ What is the “wear and tear” theory of aging?   ■ Body deteriorates and wears out.  ○ What is the free radical theory?  ■ Chemicals that are formed/produced during cell metabolism “ricochet”  and causes damage; diet minimizes (vitamin C & E)  ○ What is telomere shortening, and why does this happen?  ■ The telomere are the tips of the chromosomes. Plays a major roles in  aging like handling stress.  ■ To help telomere is to avoid stress and exercise   ○ Changes in body: Brain? Heart? Vision?   ■ Brain: Brain functions decreases; Neurofibrillary tangles (fibers in axon  twist together), plaques, changes in dendrites  ● Ex: Memory loss  ■ Heart: Weakens more acceptable to heart disease; changes in cardiac  muscle, heartbeat less forceful, slower  ■ Vision: Vision deteriorates and the need for glasses increases; impaired  eyesight  ● How are each of the following factors associated with longevity?  ○ Diet  ■ Animal models  ● Live Longer 
● Less Diseases 
■ Human parallel  ● Okinawa 
background image ○ Personality  ■ Looking at life positively because happiness is the best medicine there is. 
■ Optimism and low cynicism 
○ Perceived control (example: Rodin and Langer’s plant study 1977)  ■ Plant experiment for elders to take care of the plant 
■ Responsible of the plant tends to live longer. 
● Cognition & memory (14.3)  ○ How do psychomotor speed & information processing change in late life?  ■ How fast you can react to something.  ● Longer time to respond older  ■ Ex. Kid running in front of your car, how fast can you react and brake in  time.  ■ Linked to decrease in white matter  ○ What is useful field of view (UFOV)? And what changes occur in late life?   ■ UFOV the area where an individual can see up until their blind spots. 
■ Older Adults-Seniors tend to slowly lack being aware of their blind spots 
and reacting to certain situations.  ■ Ex. Old people getting test for their driver license again.   ○ What normative changes occur in memory with age?  ■ Your working memory tends to decreases due to age 
■ Episodic Personal Elements decrease with age 
■ Spatial (space) memory Decreases with age 
○ Memory supports: examples of internal aids? External aids?  ■ Internal Aids: Rely on mental processes  ● Repeating information to self ( Repetition) 
● Imagery 
■ External Aids: Cues in the Environment  ● People 
● Calendar, Appointment Book, Planner etc. 
● Non-normative memory changes: Alzheimer’s (14.4)  ○ What neural changes are typical of Alzheimer’s?  ■ Declines in memory, learning, attention, confusion.  
■ Changes in personality  
○ What are common symptoms of Alzheimer’s?  ■ Declines in memory, attention, and judgement 
■ Difficulties in communicating 
■ Changes in personality  
■ Loss of mobility & self-care 
○ What are identified as risk factors?   ■ Possessing the genes (family) 
■ Risk genes (Apo E4)  
● Creates the plague found in the cell.  ○ What are identified as protective factors?  
background image ■ “Mediterranean diet”  ● Health of neural structures  ■ Education  ● “Cognitive reserves” 
● Leisure and social activities 
● Synaptic growth  
○ What prevalence rates are predicted?  ■ Increases with age  
■ Expected to triple over next decades  
○ How have environments been designed to help patients with dementia?  ■  Everyday items should be easily seen 
■ Provide an easy return 
■ Disguising door 
● Wisdom (14.3)  ○ Berlin Wisdom Paradigm: what three criteria are unique to wisdom?  ■ Lifespan contextualism 
■ Relativism of values and life priorities 
■ Recognition and management of uncertainty 
■ Uncertainty no perfect solution 
○ Does age bring wisdom?   ■ No, experience help you gain wisdom  ○ Which professions are associated with wisdom?  ■ Human services  
■ Doctors, Police, Social workers 
 
Social aspects of aging 
 
● Successful aging (15.1)  ○ What are the three components of successful aging?  ■ Avoiding disease and disability 
■ Maintaining physical and cognitive function 
■ Engaging in social and productive activities 
○ What is an example of selection? Optimization? Compensation?  ■ Selection ​: personally values activities  ● Ex. Piano (play fewer pieces, but practices often)  ■ Optimize ​: returns from diminished activities   ● Use tempo contrast to hide of loss of speed.  ■ Find new ways to  compensate​ for losses  ● Erikson (15.2)  ○ What is the social crisis of midlife?  ■ Coming to terms with one’s life. 
■ Life review 
■ Integrity vs. despair 

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School: University of the Pacific
Department: Engineering
Course: Developmental Psychology
Professor: Grady
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: developmental psychology, final, and Studyguide
Name: Developmental Psych- Study Guide Final!
Description: Hello! I hope everybody is having a great day and semester! The semester is almost over! I hope everybody is studying hard for finals and remembering to take a break! Here is the completed study guide for the final!
Uploaded: 05/03/2018
7 Pages 22 Views 17 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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