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CSU - PSY 100 - Psychology Final Exam Study Guide - Study Guide

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CSU - PSY 100 - Psychology Final Exam Study Guide - Study Guide

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background image Psych Final Study Guide Cumulative (10­15 Questions) Psychology: Science of behavior and mental processes
Comparison between:
­ Correlation: how strongly two variables predict each other or relate to each other  (NOT CAUSATION) ­ Experiment: method used to determine causal relationships by manipulating one factor thought to produce change in another ­ Case Study: intensive study of an individual or small group ­ Naturalistic Observation: systemic observation and recording of haviors as they occur in their natural setting 4 Lobes of the Brain ­ Temporal: auditory, language, some memory (bottom of the brain) ­ Occipital: visual (back of the brain) ­ Parietal: somatosensory ­ Frontal: executive functioning; planning, organizing decisions Perspectives: ­ Behavioral: neuroscience ­ Evolutionary: wants to see what psychological traits are evolutionary/ evolved  adaptations ­ Humanistic: how do we help people fulfill their potential ­ Psychoanalytic: surface vs. subconscious ­ Positive psychology: learn from happy people; help people flourish ­ Cognitive: some/ most ideas require thought before action Nature: genetic inheritance, “pre­wiring”,   Nurture: influence of external factors
Emerging Adulthood: 
­ Between adolescence and adulthood o 20­29 range
background image o identity exploration
o instability
o self­focus
o feeling in­between in everything in life
o endless possibilities
o relentless hope
­ Multi­cultural exposure o Different form parents
o Adapt quickly
o Civic engagement
Confirmation bias: seek and favor evidence that supports our personal evidence Belief perseverance: cling to our beliefs in the face of contrary evidence
Fundamental Attribution Error: evaluating others in terms of enate enduring qualities
 not considering circumstances Cognitive Dissonance: anxiety that comes up when new information conflicts with your 
Social Loafing: decreased effort or diminished feelings of responsibility when not 
individually accountable
In­group Bias: being partial to the opinions that are said by the group you identify with,     rather than looking at a different point of view Ecopsychology: studies the interdependent relationship between humans and nature and 
the implications for well­being
Module 33: Stress and Illness:
Stress: appraising and responding to a threatening or challenging event; not always
 harmful? Cognitive Appraisal Model: our experience of stress depends on our thoughts about an     event and the resources we have to deal with it Psychoneuroimmunology: sympathetic nervous system that is triggered Stressors: situations that produce stress
background image When are students more likely to get a cold? Finals Week; mostly due to stress 
suppressing our immune system (take care this week BTW!!)
Module 34 ­ Health and Happiness:
These are more personal questions for you to answer:
­ Give personal examples of when you’ve used problem­focused and emotion­ focused coping strategies. ­ What is the significance of “perceived control” on health? 
­ Generally speaking, do you have an internal or and external locus of control?   
Consider your perceptions related to your academic progress, your relationships 
with family and friends, your living situation, etc.
­ Describe an experiment in which researchers randomly assigned mildly depressed  college women to an aerobic exercise condition, a relaxation condition, or to a no 
treatment control group.  What was the result?
­ During the past five decades, people in the U.S., Japan, Australia, and many other  “affluent” countries have had more disposable income.  Has this average increase 
in wealth resulted in more people saying they are very happy?
­ Give personal examples of the adaptation­level phenomenon and the relative  deprivation  principle.
Module 40­ Intro to Psychopathology:
4 or (5) D’s:
­ Deviance: unusual; doesn’t fit the norms ­ Distress: upsetting ­ Dysfunction: interferes with daily life (MOST IMPORTANT) ­ Danger: (potential) harm ­ Duration: length it occurs (10­15 minutes or 1­2 weeks) Psychological disorder Perspectives: ­ Bio­psycho­social perspective: all three components (biological, social,        psychological) contribute; can’t be equal;  close to        the threshold, but something has to  happen in the        other areas that pushes it over

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School: Colorado State University
Department: Psychology
Course: 007
Professor: Jamie Ascencio
Term: Spring 2018
Tags: Psychology
Name: Psychology Final Exam Study Guide
Description: Study guide for the exam
Uploaded: 05/05/2018
8 Pages 55 Views 44 Unlocks
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