FINAL EXAM REVIEW
★ The only time abortion is wrong is when a woman decides to get pregnant but then backs out.
★ Uses the example of the violinist to show that it is not wrong to have an abortion if it was not intentional.
★ Argued that abortion is permissible in cases such as rape.
❖ Asked the question: “What would a society without laws look like?” And answered it by creating the state of nature in which it is “A state of war of all against all in which the life of man, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short”
● Was against the idea of focusing on the effects of PHA as they are unclear and take time to evaluate.
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● One argument that he criticizes is the “Racism in Reverse” argument as there are counter examples that refute it. (Race could be a qualifying factor in the CIA or casting for movies.) Don't forget about the age old question of fiesb
● He argues that PHA’s offer equality of opportunity as given in his example of the first and second grade classes.
➢ Stated that gender is not sex and leans more towards social rules. ➢ Gave a better definition of feminism by saying: “Feminism is a social movement aimed at correcting the social pattern, widespread across cultures and history, that distributes power asymmetrically to favor men over women”.
➢ Criticizes other people for not realizing how women are treated and how they were treated for centuries.
➔ Argues that we have to differentiate between moral agents and patients (both are equally important)
➔ Moral agents: whose actions are sensitive to reasons.
➔ Patients: capable of suffering; something deserving of a certain kind of treatment. ➔ Advocated against eating factory farmed meat.
★ Urged America to give up all of their expendable income in order to help those suffering and in need.
★ Created a thought experiment of Bob, his Bugatti, and a helpless child. If the child is tied to the track and his Bugatti is on the other track, he should flip the switch in order to save the child. We also discuss several other topics like glst 220 liberty university syllabus
★ Shocked America by stating that we are in a situation similar to Bob’s as we choose luxury items rather than donating that money to charity.
❖ Wishes to decriminalize drug use.
❖ Stated that there are other activities that we do on a daily basis that cause about the same amount of harm as drug use.
❖ Believed that the government had no right to tell us what to do and what not to do regarding our bodies.
● Completely against abortion; found it immoral.
● Compared abortion to the killing of an adult human; you are depriving them of a “valuable future”.
● Stated that the prochoice arguments were far too narrow to be supported. ● Doesn’t include contraception because there is no harm in using it. ● The right to kill depends on certain circumstances when it comes to some humans and some animals.
● Argued that abortion is prima facie.
____________________________________________________________ ___ Don't forget about the age old question of a proton with charge 1.60x10^-19
➢ Lex Talionis is attractive because: It provides us with a way of evaluating another's actions, it determines what that person deserves based on how they behave, and it exists outside of government (something that we can all agree on).
➢ However actually applying lex talionis would be very difficult as there are some cases where we would have to rape rapists. Also, what would we do with cases of fraud or prostitution? If you want to learn more check out ebio 1210 exam 3
➢ Was against the use of the death penalty to sentence criminals. ____________________________________________________________ ___
➔ He believes that humans are capable of rationalizing the world around them and of making their own decisions
★ There are 5 objective values: happiness, autonomy, selfexpression, happiness and progress.
★ These all need to be connected to happiness in order to function.
❖ Apart of the social contract theory which stated that: “If free, equal, and rational people were to agree to rules to live by, then the actions that those rules allow would be morally right.”
❖ Created a thought experiment entitled the “Veil of Ignorance” when behind it, you don’t know certain features about yourself. This is so that you will be objective when you create laws. Don't forget about the age old question of agriculturalism definition
● According to Psychological Egoism, it is possible to: act to benefit oneself, act to benefit others for the sake of oneself, and give up some present benefit for the
sake of a future benefit.
● When it comes to the Doctrine of Double Effect, you have to remember that the effects of the intentions have to be greater than the foresight.
● Moral Realism = Ethical Objectivism
● Immanuel Kant created the Good Will which states that: “ It is what directs your actions. It is one that knows what its duty is and acts in accordance with it.” Someone who follows it knows the moral requirements.
● The Prisoner's Dilemma showed us that people will always act in their own self interest even if it would be better for them not to.
● The Desire satisfaction theory states that getting what you want is both necessary and sufficient for leading a good life as long as your desires are satisfied.
● Moral nihilist believe that there are no moral facts out there in the world and that when we make a moral judgement we are wrong.
● Value theory aims to find out the measurement of wellbeing, what is intrinsically valuable, and how to act.
● Social contract theory does exactly what it states, it creates a contact that will benefit the people in that society.
● The Desire Satisfaction theory does not distinguish between or categorize desires as some desires are better than others. Impoverished desires have lesser value.