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UNT / History / HIST 2620 / Who led the african americans to launch a prolonged assault on school

Who led the african americans to launch a prolonged assault on school

Who led the african americans to launch a prolonged assault on school


School: University of North Texas
Department: History
Course: United States History Since 1865
Professor: Andrew torget
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: history, vietnam war, american, USA, Cuba, civil rights, hist2620, final exam, slavery, 1960s, 1980s, Liberalism, Communism, JFK, Johnson, president, Brown v Board of Education, babyboom, and Society and the Individual
Cost: 50
Name: HIST 2620 | Exam 3 Review (Part 1)
Description: These notes cover what is going to be on the final exam for this semester.
Uploaded: 05/07/2018
5 Pages 40 Views 2 Unlocks

Exam 3 History

Who led the african americans to launch a prolonged assault on school segregation?

Chapter Notes 

25 –  

- Led by NAACP, African Americans launched a prolonged assault on school  segregation

- Before African Americans could attend college, they had to obtain a first class education in public schools

- Plessy v. Ferguson (1896): “Separate but equal”

- Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas: overturned Plessy o Brown decision encouraged African Americans to protest other  forms of racial discrimination

- White Citizens’ Council (WCC): members from businessmen and  professionals; would intimidate blacks rather than using violence - Sit-ins: protestors would seat themselves and refuse to move until their  wants were met or they were forcibly evicted

What is the content of brown vs. the board of education of topeka?

Don't forget about the age old question of What is iron deficiency?

- WWII sparked a migration of African Americans to the West as part of the  population movement to the Sunbelt

- Most significant protest occurred in Oklahoma City

o Lead by teenagers of NAACP Youth Council and adult advisor Clara  M. Lupel

- Edward Roybal


- WWII advanced Civil Rights for the Chinese

- War Brides Act in 1945

- McCarran Walter Immigration Act of 1952

o Made it possible for Japanese Aliens to become U.S. Citizens - President Eisenhower (WWII hero)

o Strength and trust

o Modern Republicanism

 Republican ideals of individualism and fiscal restraint

- National Interstate and Defense Highway Act

What is the white citizens’ council (wcc)?

- Election of 1960

o Nixon NOT universally liked or respected If you want to learn more check out How does our color theory explain the fact that people see red as being similar to violet?
If you want to learn more check out Why does an slp need audiology classes?

o John F. Kennedy

 Wanted high-demand CHANGE Don't forget about the age old question of What is the meaning of spontaneous generation?

 Family fortune paved way for his political career

 West-justified reputation in Washington as a playboy and  


o Presidential candidates faced off on TV for the first time

o Kennedy went to MLKJ’s defense, whereas Nixon DID NOT

o Kennedy triumphed by LESS than 1% of popular vote


- Victory in WWII and revival of economic prosperity lad to liberals regaining confidence in capitalism

- John Kennet Galbrarith

- “New Frontier”

- Communism (goods are owned in COMMON and all property is PUBLICALLY owned) posed a threat to American interests

- Kennedy, Cold War, and Cuba – WATCH VIDEO ON THIS!

- Kennedy refused to provide back-up military forces in fear of exposing the  U.S. role in the attack

- “Bay of Pigs” (LOOK THIS UP!)

- Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (LOOK THIS UP!)

- “The Cuban Missile Crisis 1962” Cartoon (LOOK THIS UP!)

- 1960s: most critical issue

o Intensification of Civil Rights Movement

- Freedom Rides (LOOK THIS UP!)

- Diana Nash

- Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth’s movement in Birmingham, Alabama o Battle against discrimination, segregation, and police brutality - Medgar Evers (head of NNACP in Mississippi) was shot and killed in his  driveway by a white supremacist Byron de la Beckwith If you want to learn more check out What is the meaning of gel filtration?

o Wasn’t put in jail un 1994

- A. Philip Randolph

- November 22, 1968

o Lee Harvey Oswald shot President Kennedy and Vice President  Lyndon Johnson took over

 Passed Civil Rights Act of 1964

∙ Prohibited discrimination in public accommodations

∙ Increased federal enforcement of school desegregation

∙ Right to vote

∙ Created Community Relations Service (federal agency  

authorized to help resolve racial conflicts)

∙ Combat employment discrimination based on sex and  


The Vietnam War –

I. Origins

a. Americas longest war

b. Indochina War

i. 1945 – in France

ii. Vietnamese people fought on behalf of the United States We also discuss several other topics like What is the meaning of sickle-cell disease?

iii. End of WWII was a sense of independence  

iv. Ho Chi Minh – North Vietnam

1. North – favored consensus of entire country and received  

help from Chinese

v. Bao Dai – South Vietnam  

1. South - help from Americans and American soldiers

vi. How to help France gain colonial possession which they lost in  WWII

vii. Ngo Dinh Diem

1. Diem and Eisenhower

2. He couldn’t relate to the people at large

a. Religion wasn’t prevalent amongst Vietnam  

3. Self-immolation of monks

a. Act of killing oneself as a sacrifice

b. Assassination by group of soldiers and caused a  

celebration among many people in South Vietnam

1. Lead to political chaos in the nation

c. American Policies

i. Johnson sent in more troops in 1964

ii. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964)

1. Essential allow the president to increase the number of  

troops found in Vietnam

a. 1964-1968  over half a million soldiers

iii. Johnson wouldn’t be the first to fall to the Domino Theory

II. Escalation

a. Strategy

i. Only there to support the south Vietnamese regime  

ii. B-52 Bomber

1. More bombs were dropped in this country than all in WWII  


III. Ending the War

The Rights Revolution in the Sixties –

Q: Why were the 1960s seen as such a contentious decade? What was going on that made various groups protest authority during that time period?

I. Toward a Great Society

a. Camelot

i. Reflected the Kennedy registration – the New Frontier

ii. 1960 Presidential Debate: Kennedy v. Nixon

1. First time people vote based on what they like and what  

they see

2. People liked the younger and more cinematic vote

3. Very narrow victory for Kennedy

a. Comes from a rich family

b. Harvard graduate

c. White house would be more open and accessible  

than before

d. Was prepared to do great things until his trip to  


4. Michael Harrington, The Other America (1962)

iii. 1963 – assassination of Kennedy  

iv. President Lyndon B. Johnson

1. Incoming president of the U.S. in 1963

2. The Johnson Treatment

a. “Larger than life” figures, would get close when he  

talked to you


b. “Let us Continue”

i. Johnson wanted to fight communism, but also wanted to fight  against poverty

c. Landmark Legislation

i. Health  

1. Medicare was finally signed into law in 1965 by President  Johnson

2. Medicare: for the aged and elderly

3. Medicaid: for the indigent

ii. Housing

1. Department of Housing and Urban Development  

appropriated money to construct 240,000 housing units  

and provided $2.9 billion for urban renewal

2. HUD offered rent supplements to low income families  

after 1966  

iii. Education

1. Elementary and Education Act of 1965

a. $12 billion to schools (Federal money)

b. Head start Programs

i. Before you enter the primary school system

ii. Reserved for lower income families

1. They needed an additional year of  

school to familiarize themselves  

before schooling

c. Job Corps

i. 1960s – idea that school wasn’t for everyone

ii. Vocational schools

iv. Relief

1. Food stamps

2. Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)

3. Office of Economic Opportunity

4. Economic disparity needed to be addressed  

II. Attacks on Tradition / Tumultuous Sixties

a. Attacks

i. Began with young educated adults  

ii. Notion of free speech begins with idea of civil rights

iii. Free Speech Movement

iv. Earth Day

b. Counterculture

i. Those who never went to college also went against society ii. “Hippie Culture”

1. Long jeans

2. Peace symbols

3. Love  

4. Happiness

5. Conformity

iii. Crowd of Woodstock, 1969

c. Minority Rights

i. Native Americans  

1. AIM (Advanced Idea Mechanics) soldiers

ii. Chicanos

1. Chicano Leader, Cesar Chavez

a. Visited by the Attorney General, Robert Kennedy,  

during the hunger strike

iii. Women

1. Betty Friedan

a. Women needed to have a greater role in society

b. National Organization for Women (NOW)

2. Title IX

a. Educational Amendment Act 1972  

b. Required affirmative action for women in college

i. "No person in the United States shall, on the  

basis of sex, be excluded from participation  

in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected  

to discrimination under any education  

program or activity receiving Federal  

financial assistance."

c. Roe v. Wade (1973)

i. Stuck down laws for abortion in first  

trimester of pregnancy  

III. Legacy / Impact: How Great a Society?

a. Assessment

i. Social Welfare spending (1960-1990) rose

ii. Too many employees

b. Distractions

i. All these different movements happening at once

ii. Richard Nixon

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